Public Health Resources

Veterinary Public Health


Notes from the Field: Multistate Outbreak of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus — United States, 2019   - During 2003–2018, an average of eight EEEV disease cases were reported annually in the United States (range = 4–21 cases) (3,4). However, as of October 15, 2019, CDC received reports of 34 cases of EEEV disease from 21 counties in seven states (Figure). Cases were reported from Massachusetts (12 cases), Michigan (10), Connecticut (four), New Jersey (three), Rhode Island (three), North Carolina (one), and Tennessee (one). (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

National Parks Service Disease Prevention and Response Branch   - The Disease Prevention and Response (Epidemiology) Branch within the National Park Service Office of Public Health works to prevent, detect, and respond to disease transmission within the National Parks. They work from a One Health perspective, recognizing that the health of people, animals, and the environment are all related. (National Park Service)

Disaster Preparedness for Veterinary Practice   - Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams (VMAT) serve as first responders to ensure high-quality care of animals during disasters and emergencies. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Food Defense   - Resources to help reduce the risk of tampering or other malicious, criminal, or terrorist actions on the food and cosmetic supply. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT)   - The National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT) provides assistance in identifying the need for veterinary services following major disasters, emergencies, public health or other events requiring Federal support and in assessing the extent of disruption to animal and public health infrastructures. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), HHS)

State Animal & Agriculture Response Teams (SART)   - Interagency state organizations dedicated to preparing, planning, responding and recovering during animal emergencies in the United States. SART is a public private partnership, joining government agencies with the private concerns around the common goal of animal issues during disasters.

ProMED-mail   - The Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases (ProMED) is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases. It has several moderators for animal diseases and zoonoses and uses electronic communications to provide up-to-date news on disease outbreaks around the world. (International Society for Infectious Diseases)

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System for Enteric Bacteria (NARMS)   - NARMS is a collaboration among Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (Center for Veterinary Medicine) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (Food Safety and Inspection Service and Agricultural Research Services) within the framework of FoodNet and CDC's Emerging Infections Program's Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity Program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Residue Program (Residue Chemistry)   - FSIS conducts tests for chemicals-including antibiotics, sulfonamides, and various other drugs, pesticides and environmental chemicals-in meat, poultry and egg products destined for human consumption. This site links to the sampling plan, the testing results and information on the tests used, as well as a list of violators. (Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA)

AVMA Advocacy   - AVMA represents the interests of veterinarians on federal legislative and regulatory issues that influence animal health, public health and the veterinary profession. This sites provides summaries of selected AVMA policies, state veterinary medical associations, AVMA federal and state government relations contacts, comprehensive issue papers, and tools for effective advocacy efforts. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Animal Legal and Historical Center Web Site   - Site provides a web library of legal and policy materials as relates to animals, expert explanation of the materials for both the lawyer and the non-lawyer, and an historical perspective about social and legal attitudes toward animals. (Michigan State University (MSU))

Food Safety Legislation 2018   - Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL))

State Rabies Vaccination Laws for Domestic Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets in the United States   - This map includes data on state-level pre-exposure rabies vaccination laws for domestic dogs, cats, and ferrets across the United States, as well as data on those laws referencing the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control. This dataset relies on external validation for accuracy and understanding of the application of laws and policies. If you would like to provide input on how your state’s laws have been captured please email the CDC’s Public Health Law Program at (Public Health Law Research, Temple University)

    • + Animal Health and Zoonotic Diseases
      • Animal Health
      • CONSULTANT CONSULTANT is a veterinary diagnostic support system used to suggest possible causes for clinical signs and symptoms. It provides a brief synopsis of the cause including a general description, species affected, associated signs/symptoms, and literature references.
      • Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) CAPC, an independent industry-sponsored council established to create guidelines for the optimal control of internal and external parasites that threaten the health of pets and people. Brings together broad expertise in parasitology, internal medicine, public health, veterinary law, private practice and association leadership and provides consumer and practitioner information on separate websites. Some Spanish materials.
      • HealthMap Global disease alert map that brings together disparate data sources for a comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health. Data is aggregated by disease and displayed by location with links to disease alerts.
      • HealthMap PREDICT A global early warning system to detect and reduce the impacts of emerging diseases that move between wildlife and people (zoonotic diseases).
      • Healthy Pets Healthy People Information about diseases people can catch from pets, farm animals, and wildlife.
      • Notifiable Diseases in Animals Information about animal disease outbreaks and the measures to control them in the UK.
      • Overview of Zoonoses - The Merck Veterinary Manual Edited by Susan E. Aiello, B.S., D.V.M., E.L.S. and published by Merck & Co., Inc. NJ, USA, the Manual is a free online browseable and searchable reference that describes many zoonotic diseases and provides a quick reference table of more than 200 Global Zoonoses with distribution, probable means of transmission and clinical manifestations in humans.
      • Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PANAFTOSA) - Pan American Health Organization (Brazil) PANAFTOSA houses the Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health ( and several information systems: the Epidemiological Information System SIEPI, the Epidemiological Surveillance System for Rabies in the Americas SIRVERA, and the Continental Epidemiological Surveillance System SIVCONT (production and training). It also offers events, which are routinely announced via the PANAFTOSA Regional Events Directory.
      • Technical Factsheets Factsheets on animal-borne diseases, zoonoses, vectors, and toxins to animals.
      • Vector-Borne Disease Control NACCHO works to increase the capacity of local health departments to address environmental health issues including vector control, integrated pest management, and infectious diseases related to rodents and other emerging vectors.
      • Zoonoses: Information Resources Factsheets on diseases or infections which are naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans.
      • Zoonotic Diseases Information on zoonotic diseases or zoonoses, diseases caused by germs (pathogens) that can be spread between animals and humans.
    • + Food Borne Illness
      • 2015 NARMS Integrated Report (2017) Report presents information and trends on Salmonella, Campylobacter, E.coli and Enterococcus in the food animal supply.
      • 2016 Food Safety Survey Report Results of a survey of U.S. adults on foodborne illness, germs, and proper food preparation.
      • Annual Summaries of Foodborne Outbreaks Annual summaries of domestic foodborne disease outbreaks based on reports provided by state, local, and territorial health departments. These summaries help public health practitioners better understand the pathogens, foods, settings, and contributing factors involved in these outbreaks.
      • Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety Website provides an overview of antibiotic resistance, its link to food safety, and how to protect people from foodborne illness.
      • Atlas of Salmonella in the United States The Atlas of Salmonella in the United States, 1968-2011, summarizes 42 years of laboratory-confirmed surveillance data on Salmonella isolates from humans.
      • CDC Food Safety Provides information on foodborne illness, outbreaks, and investigations.
      • CFSAN Adverse Event Reporting System (CAERS) A database that contains information on adverse event and product complaint reports submitted to FDA for foods, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
      • CIFOR Guidelines for Foodborne Illness Complaint Systems Guidelines on the use of foodborne illness complaint systems to detect foodborne disease outbreaks for use by public health entities involved in consumer complaint-based surveillance, response, and investigation.
      • FDA Food Code A model that assists food control jurisdictions at all levels of government by providing them with a scientifically sound technical and legal basis for regulating the retail and food service segment of the industry (restaurants and grocery stores and institutions such as nursing homes)
      • Food Chain Crisis Management Framework FCC-EMPRES for animal health, plant protection and food safety contain the main technical capacities of FAO to address transboundary animal and plant and pests and diseases, including aquatic and forest pests and diseases, food safety and radiation threats, and to support countries in the fight against these threats.
      • Food Defense & Emergency Response - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) Guidance materials on developing a food defense plan and training materials and podcasts for for front-line employees in the food and agriculture industry.
      • Food Safety - World Health Organization The WHO department of Food Safety and Zoonoses (FOS) provides leadership in global efforts to lower the burden of diseases, thereby strengthening the health security and ensuring sustainable development of Member States.
      • Food safety in the EU Presents the European Union integrated approach to food safety, animal health, animal welfare and plant health through coherent farm-to-table measures and adequate monitoring.
      • FoodNet Fast An interactive tool to display data on graphs, maps, and tables for select pathogens transmitted commonly through food. Users can create custom searches and download data from the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), which covers about 15% of the United States population.
      • Web portal provides information on recalls, how to keep food safe, food poisoning, vulnerable populations, and reporting issues with food items.
      • Guidelines for Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response This CIFOR toolkit allows state and local health departments to conduct self-assessments of their outbreak detection, and to implement appropriate recommendations. (Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response)
      • Keeping America's Food Safe: A Blueprint for Fixing the Food Safety System at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Report prepared by Trust for America's Health with a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
      • National Agricultural Biosecurity Center - Kansas State University National Agricultural Biosecurity Center aims to develop, coordinate, implement, and leverage a broad range of programs and capabilities to address diverse threats to the U.S. and world agricultural economies and food supply.
      • National Environmental Assessment Reporting System (NEARS) NEARS is a national effort to systematically collect, analyze, interpret, and disseminate environmental data from foodborne illness outbreak investigations.
      • PulseNet PulseNet compares the DNA fingerprints of bacteria from patients to find clusters of disease that might represent unrecognized food or water disease outbreaks.
      • The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel CDC has partnered with the USDA and 4-H to develop "The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak," a graphic novel intended to educate youth audiences about variant flu and the real disease detective work conducted by public and animal health experts when outbreaks of infectious diseases occur. Site includes educational activities for classroom use.

Influenza and Zoonoses Education among Youth in Agriculture   - To improve influenza education and communication efforts around youth in agriculture, several government and non-governmental organizations partnered to launch a pilot program called Influenza Education among Youth in Agriculture. This program provides hands-on activities for youth, zoonotic disease curricula and lesson plans, educational workshops, biosecurity and handwashing posters, and also holds meetings to foster relationships, build networks, and achieve project goals to protect human and animal health. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

RMSF Training Module: Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment for Healthcare Providers (Continuing Education)   - The Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) module is an interactive clinical education tool with case-based scenarios that provides technical training on RMSF. The module highlights key clinical messages aimed at promoting early clinical recognition and treatment. It is self-directed with knowledge checks, reference materials, and an interactive rash identification tool that allows healthcare providers to compare the rash seen in RMSF to other illnesses. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

AFDO-Managed Retail Program Standards Grant Program   - The program provides funds for the completion of projects and training to enhance conformance with the Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program Standards (Retail Program Standards). (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Current Research Information System   - CRIS is the USDA's documentation and reporting system for ongoing and recently completed research and education projects in agriculture, food and nutrition, and forestry. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA))

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID)   - The Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID) program solicitation supports the development of predictive models and the discovery of principles governing the transmission dynamics of infectious disease agents.

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Healthcare Research Projects to Improve Prevention Research and Healthcare Delivery (MInD Healthcare)   - The purpose of this Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) is to support innovative research to develop and apply computational tools and mathematical methods for: 1) modeling the spread of pathogens that cause healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and related antimicrobial resistant (AR) infections; 2) predicting outbreaks of HAI pathogens and trends in the burden of antimicrobial resistant and susceptible HAIs; and 3) investigating the effectiveness of intervention strategies. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Morris Animal Foundation   - Large nonprofit foundation 501(c)(3) dedicated to funding research studies to protect, treat and cure animals, including companion animals (dogs, cats, horses, llamas/alpacas), as well as wildlife (mountain gorillas, elephants, rhinoceros, wolves, and many varieties of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish).

NARMS Cooperative Agreement Program to Enhance and Strengthen Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance in Retail Food Specimens (U01)   - Funding to protect and promote public health by enhancing, strengthening and sustaining antibiotic resistance surveillance in retail food specimens within the NARMS program. The NARMS cooperative agreements will improve the detection of antibiotic resistance among enteric bacteria in food commodities, as well as potentially develop new sites as part of the program. Measurable outcomes of the program will be in alignment with the NARMS Objectives. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

National Agricultural Library Internships   - The National Agricultural Library is always looking for bright, talented people to help us develop innovative services, programs, and exhibits. (National Agricultural Library, USDA)

Advancing the One Health Concept through Collaborations that Connect, Create, and Educate   - Archived webinar from November 2016 provided an overview of One Health, discussed the critical need for and process of connecting the many passionate stakeholders around the world, and shared an update on efforts across the U.S. and beyond to make One Health ways of thinking the ‘default way of doing business.' (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Food Safety Podcast   - A podcast for food safety professionals hosted by the Food Safety Magazine editorial team. Each episode will feature a conversation with a food safety professional sharing their experiences and insights of the important job of safeguarding the world's food supply.

Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls   - One-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, and related health threats at the animal-human-ecosystem interface. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)