Public Health Resources

News

            can also keep you informed about developments in public health.

#BeThere: Aligning our partners to promote #BeThere messaging  The Action Alliance and its partners will collectively unite in September and throughout the year to educate the public about the many ways they can take action to support a person who is struggling or in crisis. Through a series of e-blasts leading up to September, the Action Alliance hopes to equip organizations with the necessary resources and tools to plan for and participate in this important national conversation. (National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention)


#CiteNLM Wikipedia Edit-a-thon  May 6, 2019. During the all-day online event, we invite you to add citations and content to Wikipedia articles using trusted National Library of Medicine (NLM) resources like MedlinePlus, PubMed, and Genetics Home Reference. Participants can follow the hashtag #CiteNLM on Twitter throughout the day to ask questions, post photos, and share personal experiences. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


+ Series  Series designed for any organization committed to fighting HIV stigma and HIV, regardless of where they are located in the United States. Visitors can download materials that show their commitment to ending HIV stigma and HIV, using them to educate and raise public awareness about stopping HIV transmission.


19th Surgeon General of the United States To Join Bloomberg School as Distinguished Policy Scholar  Vivek H. Murthy, MD, MBA, the 19th U.S. Surgeon General and previous Vice Admiral of the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, will join the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health as the Distinguished Policy Scholar, beginning in September 2019. (Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health)


2018 BRFSS Survey Data and Documentation  The 2018 BRFSS data continue to reflect the changes initially made in 2011 for weighting methodology (raking) and adding cell-phone-only respondents. The aggregate BRFSS combined landline and cell phone data set is built from the landline and cell phone data submitted for 2018 and includes data for 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


2019 National Prevention Week Planning Guide and Resource Calendar  This planning guide and resource calendar helps communities plan and implement their National Prevention Week (NPW) 2019 activities. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)


A Forgotten Danger: Burden of Influenza Mortality Among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1999-2016  Using data available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this study analyzed influenza mortality by geography, race, gender, and age group to improve our understanding of the influenza burden on AI/AN communities. (Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)


A Look At The Costs From The Opioid Epidemic  A massive suit against the opioid industry could cost them more than $10 billion. But, is that enough money to cover the costs of overdose deaths, treatment programs and more? (National Public Radio (NPR))


A Population Health Approach to America's Opioid Epidemic  This article reviews the current status of the opioid epidemic, the trends over the last 30-40 years that may have contributed to the epidemic, and a population health approach to addressing the epidemic. (Wolters Kluwer)


A Public Health Framework to Improve Population Health Through Health Care and Community Clinical Linkages: The ASTHO/CDC Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Learning Collaborative  Thirty-one state and territorial public health agencies participated in a learning collaborative to improve diagnosis and management of hypertension in clinical and community settings. These health agencies implemented public health and clinical interventions in medical settings and health organizations using a logic model and rapid quality improvement process focused on a framework of 4 systems-change levers. This learning collaborative approach illustrates the importance of public health in the prevention and control of chronic disease by supporting interventions that address community and clinical linkages to address medical risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))


AIDSinfo CME/CE-Certified E-Learning Courses Now Available  AIDSinfo is pleased to announce the release of two AIDSinfo HIV/AIDS e-learning courses intended for health care professionals: the AIDSinfo HIV/AIDS Guidelines: E-Learning Course and the AIDSinfo Information Resources: E-Learning Course. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Addressing the HIV Epidemic in DC  The NIH-funded Centers for AIDS Research (CFARs) support research to help end the HIV epidemic in the United States, in partnership with local communities and government. Learn how the DC CFAR has contributed to decreasing new cases of HIV in the nation’s capital. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)


Airport Roles in Reducing Transmission of Communicable Diseases (2019)  Report summarizes an event held from March 6-7, 2018 in Washington, D.C. that discussed the roles of airports in reducing transmission of communicable diseases. Speakers represented the federal government, domestic and foreign airports, local public health agencies, an international aviation organization, and academia. The proceedings focused largely on strategies, best practices, and suggestions that pertain specifically to airports, as identified by the invited speakers. (National Academies Press)


Assessment and Management of Patients at Risk for Suicide: Synopsis of the 2019 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guidelines  This synopsis, which includes 3 clinical practice algorithms, summarizes the key recommendations of the guideline related to screening and evaluation, risk management and treatment, and other management methods for patients who are at risk for suicide. Risk management and treatment recommendations address both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches for patients with suicidal ideation and behavior. (American College of Physicians)


CDC Grand Rounds: New Frontiers in Workplace Health  Article provides an overview of current workplace health promotion programs and evidence and best practice for programs, and introduces the CDC Workplace Health Resource Center. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


CDC Media Statement: Measles cases in the U.S. are highest since measles was eliminated in 2000  As of 3 p.m. on April 24, 2019, CDC is reporting 695 cases of measles from 22 states. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the United States since measles was eliminated from this country in 2000. The high number of cases in 2019 is primarily the result of a few large outbreaks – one in Washington State and two large outbreaks in New York that started in late 2018. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Celebrating 100 Years of Respiratory Protection: Looking Back and Moving Forward  This week, NIOSH is celebrating 100 years of respiratory protection as part of our first annual Respiratory Protection Week. This event honors a century of respiratory protection research, evaluation, and testing and celebrates how far we have come in this effort to protect workers. (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), CDC)


Changes to the Nutrition Facts Label  On May 20, 2016, the FDA announced the new Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods to reflect new scientific information, including the link between diet and chronic diseases such as obesity and heart disease. The new label will make it easier for consumers to make better informed food choices. FDA published the final rules in the Federal Register on May 27, 2016. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Communities Take Aim at Health Risks Posed by Climate Change  As communities throughout the country examine ways to address the potential challenges posed by climate change, four municipalities—Baltimore; Minneapolis; Princeton, New Jersey; and Tempe, Arizona—are exploring policies and programs that specifically factor in concerns about the health of their residents. (Pew Charitable Trusts)


Comparative Effectiveness of Analgesics To Reduce Acute Pain in the Prehospital Setting  Report evaluates the effectiveness and harms of opioids compared to nonopioid analgesics as treatment of moderate to severe acute pain in the prehospital setting. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS)


Contextual Factors Associated With County-Level Suicide Rates in the United States, 1999 to 2016  This cross-sectional study found that suicide rates in the United States increased from 1999 to 2016, with the greatest increase in rural counties. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Cost-effectiveness of a statewide public health intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk  Study ought to determine the cost-effectiveness of Colorado Heart Healthy Solutions in reducing CVD burden by assessing program costs and projected reductions in CVD events. (BioMed Central)


Disaster Safety for Expecting and New Parents  Learn general tips to get prepared before a disaster and what to do in case of a disaster to help keep you and your family safe and healthy. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Dismantling Buprenorphine Policy Can Provide More Comprehensive Addiction Treatment  This commentary evaluates the Drug Addiction Treatment Act (DATA) of 2000 and unpacks how timely action toward dismantling legislative restrictions on buprenorphine prescribing could be a powerful step towards ensuring increased access to treatment of OUD in America. (National Academy of Medicine)


Emergency Planning among Older Adults  Report suggests that older adults and their loved ones and health care providers should take time to focus on key steps recommended by emergency preparedness professionals , and planning for how they will cope and communicate in an emergency. (University of Michigan)


Examining Rural Cancer Prevention and Control Efforts: Policy Brief and Recommendations to the Secretary (August 2019)  Report describes barriers of rural populations in accessing cancer care, federal agency responses to these barriers, and provides recommendations on how to improve rural access to cancer care and prevention. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)


Final Research Plan for Illicit and Nonmedical Drug Use in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: Preventive Interventions  The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted today a final research plan on interventions to prevent illicit and nonmedical drug use in children, adolescents, and young adults. (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF))


Final Research Plan: Vitamin Supplementation to Prevent Heart Disease and Cancer  The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted today a final research plan on on vitamin, mineral, and multivitamin supplementation to prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer.


HHS Awards $374 Million to Programs Supporting Maternal and Child Health  The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced approximately $351 million in funding to 56 states, territories, and nonprofit organizations through its Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV Program) and approximately $23 million in funding to three new programs aimed at improving maternal health outcomes. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network  The HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network (Sentinel Network) was formed to increase NACCHO’s understanding of local health department efforts, needs, challenges, and successes. The Network is comprised of more than 100 LHDs from over 40 states and the District of Columbia who complete brief surveys on an approximately quarterly basis. The Sentinel Network is open to all local health departments and NACCHO aims to expand Sentinel Network membership to include at least two local health departments from each state and ensure a spectrum of jurisdiction sizes and geographic locations and settings are represented. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))


Health workforce burn-out (September 2019)  Increased demand for health services is putting unprecedented strain on health systems and the workers within them. Many are experiencing burn-out, depriving health systems of their most vital resource: people. (World Health Organization (WHO))


How Mobile Health Clinics Drive Care to Vulnerable Patients  The mobile health clinic makes a community-based care option for those who otherwise would face extraordinary social challenges accessing care.


Impact of Public Health Interventions on Drinking Water–Associated Outbreaks of Hepatitis A — United States, 1971–2017  Reported drinking water–associated hepatitis A outbreaks have declined since introduction of universal childhood vaccination recommendations and public drinking water regulations. However, unvaccinated persons who use water from untreated private wells remain at risk. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Implementing Event-Based Surveillance in Burkina Faso: Using the “One Health” Approach  Recent outbreaks of Middle East respiratory syndrome, avian influenza, and Ebola virus disease have put local, national, regional, and global focus on the ability of countries to effectively detect and respond to emergent public health issues. MEASURE Evaluation has assisted at the national level in developing a One Health approach to event-based surveillance (EBS) that is suited to the Burkina Faso context. This report shares more on the One Health approach in Burkina Faso. (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, MEASURE Evaluation)


Implementing health in all policies: Lessons from around the world  Health in all policies is an established approach to improving health and health equity through cross-sector action on the wider determinants of health: the social, environmental, economic and commercial conditions in which people live. This collection of case studies looks at practical attempts to implement this around the world. The nine case studies offer valuable insights into the practicalities of delivering a health in all policies approach in different contexts, sectors and levels of government. (Health Foundation)


Improving Physical Activity and Outdoor Recreation in Rural Alabama Through Community Coalitions  n Alabama, the ALProHealth initiative used community-based participatory research to work with community coalitions to implement research-based interventions that addressed issues related to the lack of opportunities for physical activity in 14 counties whose populations are at high risk of obesity. This study measured potential reach and improvements in amenities. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


In Cherokee Country, Opioid Crisis Seen as Existential Threat  The earliest evidence that the opioid epidemic had seeped into Indian Country came in 2014, with a spike in the number of children taken into tribal custody because their parents were addicted to prescription painkillers. Nearly three-quarters of the hundreds of Cherokee children who were taken from their parents because of opioid addiction have been placed in non-Native homes, because there weren’t enough tribal families who were able to take them in. (Pew Charitable Trusts)


In Their Own Voices: Low-income Women and Their Health Providers in Three Communities Talk about Access to Care, Reproductive Health, and Immigration  This report summarizes findings and highlight selected quotes from the focus group participants on contraceptive services, costs and coverage, abortion care, mental health and intimate partner violence, social determinants of health, and immigration issues. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


Initial State Findings Point to Clinical Similarities in Illnesses Among People Who Use E-cigarettes  Initial findings from the investigation into serious lung illnesses associated with e-cigarette products point to clinical similarities among those affected. Patients report similar exposures, symptoms and clinical findings and these align with the CDC health advisory released last week. While many of the patients, but not all, reported recent use of THC-containing products, some reported using both THC- and nicotine-containing products. A smaller group reported using nicotine only. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Investing in Interventions That Address Non-Medical, Health-Related Social Needs: Proceedings of a Workshop (2019)  Proceedings from an April 2019 workshop that explored the potential effect of addressing non-medical health-related social needs on improving population health and reducing health care spending in a value-driven health care delivery system. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Leveraging Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to Advance Environmental Health Research and Decisions: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief (2019)  Brief summarizes presentations and discussions from a June 2019 workshop to explore emerging applications and implications of AI and machine learning in environmental health research and decisions. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Leveraging Laws and Policies to Help Achieve Healthy People 2020 Objectives  The Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy project is developing resources that will provide practical information to a broad audience about the impact that laws and policies can have on health outcomes. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)


Measures of harm reduction service provision for people who inject drugs (September 2019)  Paper explores the development of syringe programme coverage measurement at the individual level, its previous international implementation and the practical considerations and limitations of its use. (World Health Organization (WHO))


Methods for detecting seasonal influenza epidemics using a school absenteeism surveillance system  Study investigates several statistical modelling approaches to using school absenteeism for influenza surveillance at the regional level, and compares their performances using two metrics. (BioMed Central)


More filters available in the new PubMed  The most popular filters are included on the new PubMed sidebar by default. You can now access many more filters using the additional filters link. Try it today and let us know what you think! (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), NLM)


Mortality Patterns Between Five States With Highest Death Rates and Five States With Lowest Death Rates: United States, 2017  This report compares average age-adjusted death rates by sex, race and ethnicity, and five leading causes of death between a group of five states with the highest age-adjusted death rates (Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and West Virginia) and a group of five states with the lowest age-adjusted death rates (California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Minnesota, and New York) in 2017. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)


NIAID Officials Call for Innovative Research on Sexually Transmitted Infections  In a new article in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, experts from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, suggest that the biomedical research community must refocus its commitment to STI research to surmount this growing global health crisis. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


NIH bolsters funding for HIV implementation research in high-burden U.S. areas  The National Institutes of Health has awarded approximately $11.3 million to 23 institutions across the United States to collaborate with community partners to develop locally relevant plans for diagnosing, treating and preventing HIV in areas with high rates of new HIV cases. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


National Preparedness Month — September 2019  Every September, CDC, along with partners in government, private and public health, and academia observes National Preparedness Month, a public service reminder of the importance of personal and community preparedness for all events (1). This year, CDC’s Center for Preparedness and Response has published a CDC Digital Media Toolkit (https://www.cdc.gov/cpr/npm/npm2019.htm) regarding personal health preparedness, including how to build an emergency supplies kit. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


National Roadmap on State-Level Efforts to End the Opioid Epidemic: Leading-Edge Practices and Next Steps (September 2019)  An in-depth analysis of the response to the opioid epidemic by 4 states: Colorado, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania. The analysis focuses on state efforts in 6 key areas to identify best practices and provide a roadmap for all states to follow in order to increase access to high-quality, evidence-based treatment for persons with a substance use disorder (SUD) or who need comprehensive, multidisciplinary, multimodal pain care, and to increase access to naloxone to save lives from overdose. (American Medical Association (AMA))


New Research Analyzes State-Level Impact of USDA Proposal to End SNAP Broad-Based Categorical Eligibility  In 20 states, more than 10 percent of SNAP households slated to lose SNAP eligibility; data visualization examines characteristics of affected population, including those with children and living in poverty. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


Notes from the Field: Interventions to Reduce Measles Virus Exposures in Outpatient Health Care Facilities — New York City, 2018  Strengthening health care facility infection control is crucial to preventing infectious disease transmission. Interventions used in 15 outpatient health care facilities to attempt to prevent health care facility exposure from patients with suspected measles were evaluated. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Outbreak of Electronic-Cigarette–Associated Acute Lipoid Pneumonia — North Carolina, July–August 2019  In recent months, more than 200 possible cases of acute lung injury potentially associated with vaping were reported from 25 states. During July and August 2019, five patients were identified at two hospitals in North Carolina with acute lung injury potentially associated with e-cigarette use. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Participation in Community Preparedness Programs in Human Services Organizations and Faith-Based Organizations — New York City, 2018  New York City (NYC) organizations that participated in community preparedness program training had significantly increased odds of having plans for continuity of operations, emergency management, volunteer management, and emergency communication than did those that did not participate in training. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Physical Activity Breaks for the Workplace Resource Guide (August 2019)  Guide offers resources and ideas to help employees build short activity breaks into their workdays—no matter what the season. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Prescription Opioids: Patient Options for Safe and Effective Disposal of Unused Opioids  This report examines (1) federally recommended and other available methods patients may use to dispose of unused prescription opioids, and (2) what is known about patients' use of these methods. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)


President Donald J. Trump Has Dedicated His Administration to Fighting Back Against the Opioid Crisis  President Donald J. Trump has mobilized Federal resources to combat the opioid crisis that has devastated so many of our communities. (Executive Office of the President)


Preventing Listeriosis In Pregnant Hispanic Women in the U.S.  The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has developed a program that contains everything you need to educate your community on preventing listeriosis in pregnant Hispanic women in the United States. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Pakistan, January 2017–September 2018  A report on polio immunization activities in Pakistan.


Proposed Data Collection Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as part of its continuing effort to reduce public burden and maximize the utility of government information, invites the general public and other Federal agencies the opportunity to comment on a proposed and/or continuing information collection, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Pregnancy-Related Deaths — United States, 2007–2016  During 2007–2016, black and American Indian/Alaska Native women had significantly more pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 births than did white, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander women. Disparities persisted over time and across age groups and were present even in states with the lowest pregnancy-related mortality ratios and among groups with higher levels of education. The cause-specific proportion of pregnancy-related deaths varied by race/ethnicity. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Request for Information (RFI): Soliciting Additional Input to the All of Us Research Program 2019 Tribal Consultation  The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to invite additional comments and suggestions on the concerns and challenges communicated by Tribal leaders and participants at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) 2019 All of Us Research Program Tribal Consultation. All of Us seeks to develop approaches to create meaningful, culturally appropriate collaborations with Tribal Nations that aim to benefit the health of Tribal communities and respect Tribal sovereignty. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars  Clinical Scholars fellows include pharmacists, physical therapists, veterinarians, dentists, social workers, nurses, physicians, and many others working in clinical or academic settings. Through mentoring, networking, and an intensive curriculum centered on equity, they deepen their influence and impact as leaders with the power to transform their workplaces and communities. Working in teams of two to five representing diverse disciplines, they design an innovative project to address a complex health problem in their area. Teams receive annual grant funding up to $525,000 so members can participate in the three-year program at no cost to themselves or their organizations. Clinical Scholars is one of several programs created by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to develop a network of strong, interdisciplinary leaders from every sector working to create a nation where everyone can reach their best possible health and well-being. Clinical Scholars, a program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is a national leadership development program for experienced health practitioners. Applications open each January and are in March.


Screening for Social Determinants of Health: The Known and the Unknown  Universal screening for social determinants of health by clinicians is now either recommended or being actively considered for recommendation by many professional societies and national organizations. Substantial evidence highlights ways to integrate addressing patients’ social determinants and social service needs into clinical care. However, identifying and addressing patients’ social determinants will only be successful if these clinical practices occur with broad structural, community, and societal changes to the determinants that currently perpetuate poor health. (American Medical Association (AMA))


September Is National Food Safety Month  Celebrate National Food Safety Month with these resources for food safety programs! Check out the CDC's environmental assessment training and surveillance system, along with additional resources from CDC and partners. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Starving Seniors: How America Fails To Feed Its Aging  Millions of seniors across the country quietly go hungry as the safety net designed to catch them frays. Nearly 8% of Americans 60 and older were “food insecure” in 2017, according to a recent study released by the anti-hunger group Feeding America. That’s 5.5 million seniors who don’t have consistent access to enough food for a healthy life, a number that has more than doubled since 2001 and is only expected to grow as America grays. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))


State Strategies to Address Opioid Use Disorder Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women and Infants Prenatally Exposed to Substances, Including Infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome  Opioid use disorder (OUD) during pregnancy contributes to adverse maternal and infant outcomes, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. In response to the opioid crisis, changes in state-level systems are critical for improving health outcomes. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on advancing new policies aimed at preventing youth access to, and appeal of, flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and cigars  FDA is proposing to end current compliance policy as it applies to flavored electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products such as electronic cigarettes (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored products), and prioritize enforcement of such products offered for sale in ways that pose a greater risk for minors to access these tobacco products. In addition, FDA expects manufacturers of all flavored ENDS products (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored) that remain on the market under these new conditions to submit premarket applications to the agency by Aug. 8, 2021. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Stop Food Outbreaks with Environmental Assessments  Food safety investigators can use environmental assessments to improve food safety. Environmental assessments are an important part of outbreak investigations. They can determine how and why germs got into the environment and spread to make people sick, and they provide information that can stop ongoing outbreaks and prevent them in the future.


Stories from the Field: Essentials for Childhood Framework  Post shares five stories of health departments engaged in projects based on the Essentials for Childhood Framework. The framework calls for creating safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for all children, with the aim to prevent child abuse and neglect and to assure that all children reach their full potential. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Successful Support for Better HIV Data  A major objective of MEASURE Evaluation, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), has been to improve health information systems, and the data they contain, to contribute to control of the HIV epidemic in the countries where the project works. This brief shares more. (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, MEASURE Evaluation)


Tackle the epidemic, not the opioids  Commentary argues that funding should be targeted to substance misuse, not to the drug du jour. (Springer)


The Future of Fentanyl and Other Synthetic Opioids  This book offers a systematic assessment of the past, present, and possible futures of synthetic opioids in the United States. It is rooted in secondary data analysis, literature reviews, international case studies, and key informant interviews. The goal is to provide decisionmakers, researchers, media outlets, and the public with insights intended to improve their understanding of the synthetic opioid problem and how to respond to it. (RAND Corporation)


The Implications of Three Major New Trials for the Effect of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene on Childhood Diarrhea and Stunting: A Consensus Statement  Three large new trials of unprecedented scale and cost, which included novel factorial designs, have found no effect of basic water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions on childhood stunting, and only mixed effects on childhood diarrhea. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


The Medicaid Outcomes Distributed Research Network (MODRN)  MODRN enables participating states to utilize multi-state Medicaid data to examine public health and health policy issues. (AcademyHealth)


The Power of Local Data in Action  With the City Health Dashboard, communities across the United States are using data presented on a feature-rich website to create healthier and more equitable communities. Lessons learned will help more community leaders pinpoint local health challenges and close gaps in U.S. cities and neighborhoods. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


The State of States: How Governors Plan to Address Health-Related Social and Economic Factors in 2019  Blog post examines the social and economic issues raised in the recent governors' state of the state and inaugural addresses – such as poverty, violence, housing, education, and addiction — that heavily impact the health and well-being of Americans. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


The U.S. Government Engagement in Global Health: A Primer  This primer provides basic information about global health and U.S. government’s response in low- and middle-income countries. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


The effect of Active Plus, a computer-tailored physical activity intervention, on cognitive functioning of elderly people with chronic illness(es) – study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  This randomized controlled trial aims to test whether Active Plus, a proven effective physical activity intervention, is able to improve the cognitive functioning of elderly people with chronic illness(es) or to slow down cognitive decline. In addition, it studies what kind of activity, intensity, duration and frequency of physical activity most strongly influence cognitive functioning. (BioMed Central)


The importance of social environment in preventing smoking: an analysis of the Dead Cool intervention  The analysis provides additional evidence to support policies that could reduce children’s exposure to smoking behaviour, and potential subsequent smoking initiation. No conclusions could be drawn about the diffusion of smoking attitudes through the school friendship networks of children. (BioMed Central)


Toolkit: State Strategies to Support Older Adults Aging in Place in Rural Areas  This toolkit highlights state initiatives to help older rural adults age in place by increasing services that help people remain in their homes, expanding and professionalizing the caregiver workforce, improving transportation access and services, and making delivery system reforms within Medicaid programs. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


Toward Understanding the Interplay of Environmental Stressors, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief (2019)  Brief summarizes presentations and discussions from a January 2019 workshop to explore emerging evidence on the interactions among environmental stressors, infectious diseases, and human health. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Toward a Historically Informed Analysis of Racial Health Disparities Since 1619  A more appropriate and truly historical approach could help us see the past reasons for health disparities and how they link the body and the body politic. With this knowledge, public health practitioners can consider what to do to overcome these historical burdens that affect the life chances of African Americans. (American Public Health Association (APHA))


Uncovering a Hidden Zika Outbreak in Cuba  New research shows that a large, previously hidden outbreak of Zika virus disease occurred in Cuba, just when it looked like the worst of the epidemic was over. The finding suggests that the Zika virus can linger over long periods, and that mosquito control efforts alone may slow, but not necessarily stop, the march of this potentially devastating infectious disease. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Updated AAP flu policy offers more options this year  AAP prevention and treatment recommendations for the 2019-’20 influenza season include seven main updates and continue to urge annual vaccination for everyone 6 months and older. (American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP))


Updates to the Cryptosporidiosis Section of the Pediatric Opportunistic Infections Guidelines  The Cryptosporidiosis section of the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children has been updated. There are no major changes to the guidance for the diagnosis and management of cryptosporidiosis in children and adolescents living with HIV. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


Using GIS Mapping for Better Health  This 2018 Culture of Health Prize winner uses geography-based technology to quantify, and solve, a range of challenges. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


Vital Signs: Zika-Associated Birth Defects and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities Possibly Associated With Congenital Zika Virus Infection — US Territories and Freely Associated States, 2018  CDC’s MMWR and Medscape are proud to introduce a new FREE continuing education (CE) activity. Clinicians will become aware of the frequency and type of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities seen among children born to mothers with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


What’s in Our Water? New Research on Forever Chemicals in Drinking Water and Their Public Health Implications  On this week's episode of On the Evidence, we speak with Cindy Hu, a data scientist at Mathematica, who studies how humans are exposed to and affected by this class of emerging contaminants in drinking water. We discuss the prevalence of these chemicals in our drinking water, as well as their health implications and ways to address them through public policy. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


Why The Measles Surge Could Open The Door To A Host Of Other Diseases  With measles making a comeback in many upper-income countries including the United States and still rampant in some poorer nations such as Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar, a leading measles expert is warning of a danger beyond the spread of the disease itself: There's mounting evidence that when a person is infected with measles, the virus also wipes out the immune system's memory of how to fight off all sorts of other life-threatening infections – ranging from gastro-intestinal bugs that cause diarrhea to respiratory viruses that trigger pneumonia. (National Public Radio (NPR))


Zika knowledge and prevention practices among U.S. travelers: a large cross-sectional survey study  The aim of this study was to investigate what factors predict knowledge about Zika transmission, symptomology, and treatment among U.S. travelers and, additionally, to evaluate how Zika knowledge influences the adoption of personal protective behaviors. (BioMed Central)


#BeThere to Help Prevent Suicide   - A recent CDC study showed that a range of factors contribute to suicide among those with and without known mental health conditions. Everyone can help prevent suicide by knowing the warning signs and where to get help. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

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