Public Health Resources

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            can also keep you informed about developments in public health.

#CiteNLM Wikipedia Edit-a-thon May 6, 2019. During the all-day online event, we invite you to add citations and content to Wikipedia articles using trusted National Library of Medicine (NLM) resources like MedlinePlus, PubMed, and Genetics Home Reference. Participants can follow the hashtag #CiteNLM on Twitter throughout the day to ask questions, post photos, and share personal experiences. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


+ Series Series designed for any organization committed to fighting HIV stigma and HIV, regardless of where they are located in the United States. Visitors can download materials that show their commitment to ending HIV stigma and HIV, using them to educate and raise public awareness about stopping HIV transmission.


2019 National Prevention Week Planning Guide and Resource Calendar This planning guide and resource calendar helps communities plan and implement their National Prevention Week (NPW) 2019 activities. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)


The 4th Annual HSRProj Research Competition for Students is Underway! The fourth annual HSRProj Research Competition for Students is underway! Hosted by AcademyHealth and the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), this annual competition invites students to use data from the Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj) database in conjunction with other sources to identify research priorities in health services and systems research. (AcademyHealth)


A Bivariate Mapping Tutorial for Cancer Control Resource Allocation Decisions and Interventions Study demonstrates how geographic information systems software, specifically ArcGIS, can be used to develop bivariate choropleth maps to inform resource allocation and public health interventions. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


A Change Management Case Study for Safe Opioid Prescribing and Opioid Use Disorder Treatment This article describes a case study of a clinic's deliberate approach using change management theory to support individual clinician efforts in meeting safe opioid prescribing and treating OUD. (American Board of Family Medicine)


A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health (2019) Report provides a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts. (National Academies Press)


Accountable Communities for Health for Children and Families: Approaches for Catalyzing and Accelerating Success This discussion paper reviews and identifies what the authors believe are the foundational elements for catalyzing and sustaining an accountable community for health for children and families (ACHCF); what the key accelerators and barriers are; and highlights promising approaches that communities can adapt and use. (National Academy of Medicine)


Active-Offer Nurse-Led PrEP (PrEP-RN) Referrals: Analysis of Uptake Rates and Reasons for Declining This analysis published in AIDS and Behavior sheds light on how assumptions about risk affect PrEP uptake, particularly among those at-risk for HIV. (Springer)


Addressing Food Insecurity In Clinical Care: Lessons From The Mid-Ohio Farmacy Experience This article describes the experience of establishing a link between an academic medical center and a regional foodbank to address food insecurity in a health care setting, with the goal of providing guidance for future efforts to establish these linkages to empower health care providers to address social determinants of health. (Health Affairs)


Affordability of the EAT–Lancet reference diet: a global analysis Study used food price and household income data to estimate affordability of EAT–Lancet benchmark diets, as a first step to guiding interventions to improve diets around the world. (The Lancet)


Airport Roles in Reducing Transmission of Communicable Diseases (2019) Report summarizes an event held from March 6-7, 2018 in Washington, D.C. that discussed the roles of airports in reducing transmission of communicable diseases. Speakers represented the federal government, domestic and foreign airports, local public health agencies, an international aviation organization, and academia. The proceedings focused largely on strategies, best practices, and suggestions that pertain specifically to airports, as identified by the invited speakers. (National Academies Press)


Alcohol-related deaths increasing in the United States An analysis of U.S. death certificate data by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, found that nearly 1 million people died from alcohol-related causes between 1999 and 2017. The number of death certificates mentioning alcohol more than doubled from 35,914 in 1999 to 72,558 in 2017, the year in which alcohol played a role in 2.6% of all deaths in the United States. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


American Indian and Alaska Native Health Portal and Arctic Health to Retire on December 16, 2019 The American Indian and Alaska Native Health portal (https://americanindianhealth.nlm.nih.gov) will be retired on December 16, 2019. Please visit the MedlinePlus American Indian and Alaska Native Health page for information about this topic. The Arctic Health portal moved to a new home on September 28, 2018. The University of Alaska Anchorage will continue to host and maintain the publications database at https://arctichealth.org/. Content from NLM-hosted Arctic Health has been moved to the new site and the search engine has been enhanced. Please bookmark https://arctichealth.org for Arctic Health. The current NLM site (https://arctichealth.nlm.nih.gov/) will no longer be available after December 16, 2019. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


Are the 10 Essential Public Health Services out of date? Review underway The Futures Initiative, a partnership between PHAB’s Public Health National Center for Innovations and the de Beaumont Foundation, launched in June. The initiative is engaging the public health community in reviewing and revising the essentials framework to ensure it reflects how the field has evolved in 25 years and is ready for the challenges to come. (American Public Health Association (APHA))


Assessing Indoor Environmental Control Practices by Race/Ethnicity Among Children With Asthma in 14 US States and Puerto Rico, 2013–2014 Study examined indoor environmental control (IEC) practices that reduce asthma triggers, by race/ethnicity among children in the mainland US and Puerto Rico. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


The True Cause of the Opioid Epidemic In this difference-in-differences study, US manufacturing counties that experienced an automotive assembly plant closure were compared with counties in which automotive plants remained open from 1999 to 2016. Automotive assembly plant closures were associated with a statistically significant increase in county-level opioid overdose mortality rates among adults aged 18 to 65 years. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Association of Medicaid Expansion With Opioid Overdose Mortality in the United States In this serial cross-sectional study of 3109 counties within 49 states and the District of Columbia from 2001 to 2017, Medicaid expansion was associated with reductions in total opioid overdose deaths and deaths involving heroin and synthetic opioids other than methadone. Expansion was associated with increased mortality involving methadone. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Availability of Grocery Delivery to Food Deserts in States Participating in the Online Purchase Pilot To inform on the potential effect of online grocery delivery in food deserts, study quantified the proportion of both rural and urban USDA-designated food deserts currently serviceable by online grocery purchase and delivery in the 8 pilot states. (American Medical Association (AMA))


CDC Grand Rounds: New Frontiers in Workplace Health Article provides an overview of current workplace health promotion programs and evidence and best practice for programs, and introduces the CDC Workplace Health Resource Center. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


CDC Maps America’s High Levels of Inactivity All states and territories had more than 15% of adults who were physically inactive and this estimate ranged from 17.3 to 47.7%, according to new state maps of adult physical inactivity prevalence released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CDC Media Statement: Measles cases in the U.S. are highest since measles was eliminated in 2000 As of 3 p.m. on April 24, 2019, CDC is reporting 695 cases of measles from 22 states. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the United States since measles was eliminated from this country in 2000. The high number of cases in 2019 is primarily the result of a few large outbreaks – one in Washington State and two large outbreaks in New York that started in late 2018. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CDC, states update number of hospitalized EVALI cases and EVALI deaths CDC recently announced the updated number of hospitalized e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury (EVALI) cases* and EVALI deaths. As of January 7, 2020, 2,602 cases of hospitalized EVALI or deaths were reported by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 2 U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). As of January 7, 2020, 57 deaths have been confirmed in 27 states and the District of Columbia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CDC’s Critical Role in the Fight against the Global HIV Epidemic Video focuses on the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CMS offers widespread support for Puerto Rico amid Earthquakes The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) just announced efforts underway to support Puerto Rico in response to recent earthquakes. CMS will be waiving certain Medicare, Medicaid, and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) requirements; creating special enrollment opportunities for individuals to access healthcare quickly; and taking steps to ensure dialysis patients obtain critical life-saving services. (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS)


Call for Applications for the 2020 USPHS IPEC Award The fourth call for applications for the Public Health Excellence in Interprofessional Education Collaborative Award is now open! The 2020 United States Public Health Service Department (USPHS) and Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) Award will showcase interprofessional efforts to positively impact community health. Applications close at 5:00 p.m. Eastern on Monday, February 3, 2020. (Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC))


Case Definitions Used During the First 6 Months of the 10th Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Four Neighboring Countries, August 2018–February 2019 Even with a regional risk for Ebola virus disease (Ebola) (i.e., importation into three countries bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo), Ebola case definitions became increasingly complex and less concordant during a 6-month period. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Changes to the Nutrition Facts Label On May 20, 2016, the FDA announced the new Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods to reflect new scientific information, including the link between diet and chronic diseases such as obesity and heart disease. The new label will make it easier for consumers to make better informed food choices. FDA published the final rules in the Federal Register on May 27, 2016. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Cluster Analysis and Cluster Ranking for Asthma Inpatient Hospitalizations Among Children, Adolescents, and Adults Aged 0 to 19 Years in Cook County, Illinois, 2011–2014 To understand the burden of asthma among young people in the greater Chicago (Cook County) area, we mapped crude rates of asthma inpatient hospitalizations among children, adolescents, and young adults aged 0 to 19 years, by zip code, in Cook County, Illinois, during 2011–2014. Additionally, we performed a cluster analysis to identify neighborhoods with high rates of asthma inpatient hospitalizations. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


Comparison of Rural vs Urban Direct-to-Physician Commercial Promotion of Medications for Treating Opioid Use Disorder Study assesses whether rural counties received less pharmaceutical promotion of OUD medications compared with urban counties. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Dialogue About the Workforce for Population Health Improvement: Proceedings of a Workshop (2019) Proceedings from a March 2019 workshop to explore the broad and multidisciplinary nature of the population health workforce. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Early Detection of Public Health Emergencies of International Concern through Undiagnosed Disease Reports in ProMED-Mail Study aimed to provide a descriptive analysis of reports of undiagnosed disease events related to human health published on ProMED-mail since 2007 to determine whether these reports should be considered in further risk assessments. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Early Season Pediatric Influenza B/Victoria Virus Infections Associated with a Recently Emerged Virus Subclade — Louisiana, 2019 Early influenza B/Victoria virus activity in Louisiana resulted in illnesses in children that were similar to typical seasonal influenza; however, some illnesses were severe, and one death was reported. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Effects of Influenza Vaccination in the United States during the 2018–2019 Influenza Season Study estimates the number of vaccine-prevented influenza-associated illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and deaths for the season. (Oxford University Press)


Family Doctors In Rural America Tackle Crisis Of Addiction And Pain It used to be rare for primary care physicians outside big cities to take on the challenges of opioid misuse, according to Dr. Erin Krebs, a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota who researches chronic pain management. Now, Krebs said, it’s becoming increasingly common “out of necessity.” (Kaiser Health News (KHN))


Feasibility of home-based HIV counselling and testing and linking to HIV services among women delivering at home in Geita, Tanzania: a household longitudinal survey The study objective was to determine the feasibility of home-based HIV testing and linking to care for HIV services among WDH in Geita District Council, Tanzania. (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, MEASURE Evaluation)


Fighting Together: National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day 2019 National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day (NLAAD) highlights the disproportionate impact of HIV on Hispanic and Latinx communities. The Latino Commission on AIDS—the lead organizer for this October 15 observance—notes, “the NLAAD 2019 campaign want[s] to address that people of either HIV status have a say on ending HIV, in stopping new diagnoses. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


Final Research Plan for Illicit and Nonmedical Drug Use in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: Preventive Interventions The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted today a final research plan on interventions to prevent illicit and nonmedical drug use in children, adolescents, and young adults. (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF))


Final Research Plan for Prevention of Dental Caries in Children Younger Than Age 5 Years: Screening and Interventions The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force just posted a final research plan on screening and interventions to prevent dental caries in children younger than 5 years. (AIDSTAR-One, USAID)


Food Bank–Based Diabetes Prevention Intervention to Address Food Security, Dietary Intake, and Physical Activity in a Food-Insecure Cohort at High Risk for Diabetes Although food insecurity is associated with poor dietary intake and risk of chronic disease, few studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of diabetes prevention interventions delivered through food banks. Food banks serve vulnerable communities. The purpose of this pilot project was to assess the effectiveness of a food bank–delivered intervention aimed at improving food security and reducing risk factors for type 2 diabetes among at-risk clients. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


HHS Activates Emergency Prescription Assistance Program for Uninsured Puerto Rico Residents Needing Medicine after Recent Earthquakes As part of the Trump Administration’s government-wide response to the series of earthquakes and aftershocks affecting Puerto Rico, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) activated its Emergency Prescription Assistance Program (EPAP) for Puerto Rico to give residents access to the critical prescription medications they need. The program pays for prescription medications for people without health insurance who are affected by disasters. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


HIV Partner Service Delivery Among Transgender Women — United States, 2013–2017 During 2013–2017, 71.5% of index transgender women were interviewed for partner services, 71.2% of transgender women partners were notified of their potential HIV exposure, 46.5% were tested for HIV, and 18.6% received a new diagnosis of HIV-positivity. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network The HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network (Sentinel Network) was formed to increase NACCHO’s understanding of local health department efforts, needs, challenges, and successes. The Network is comprised of more than 100 LHDs from over 40 states and the District of Columbia who complete brief surveys on an approximately quarterly basis. The Sentinel Network is open to all local health departments and NACCHO aims to expand Sentinel Network membership to include at least two local health departments from each state and ensure a spectrum of jurisdiction sizes and geographic locations and settings are represented. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))


Health Inequity in the United States: A Primer By any measure, the United States has a level of health inequity rarely seen among developed nations. The roots of this inequity are deep and complex, and are a function of differences in income, education, race and segregation, and place. Primer provides an overview of these distinctly American problems, and discuss programs and policies that might promote greater health equity in the population. (University of Pennsylvania, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI))


Home-Delivered Food Boxes Reduced Food Insecurity Among Adults, but Not Children A new episode of "On The Evidence" discusses a demonstration that used home delivery boxes assembled by registered dieticians to children with food insecurity issues in Chickasaw Nation territory in rural Oklahoma. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


Housing for Health: Creating a Permanent Supportive Housing Program to Help People with Comlex Conditions Experiencing Homelessness The Los Angeles Department of Health's Housing for Health (HFH) division reflects the national movement for “housing first,” an approach that prioritizes providing individuals experiencing homelessness with housing, regardless of whether they are in treatment for their substance use, mental health, or physical health conditions (and, unlike most other housing programs outside this model, does not require sobriety as a condition of entry.) That view sees housing as necessary for the health of people experiencing homelessness. Additionally, HFH also embraces the philosophies of harm reduction, trauma-informed care, and, ultimately, “whatever it takes” to help individuals who are homeless. (Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS))


How the Affordable Care Act Has Narrowed Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Access to Health Care Brief examines how much the ACA also has reduced disparities in access to health care among black, Hispanic, and white adults. (Commonwealth Fund)


How to Talk About Mental Health: Addressing Misunderstandings about Mental Health in the Media (September 2019) This tip sheet was developed as a collaboration between the Massachusetts Statewide Youth Advisory Council (SYAC) and the Learning and Working Center at the Transitions to Adulthood Center for Research (TACR) to clear up some common misunderstandings about mental health conditions and to share strategies to talk about mental health in a more accurate and more helpful way. (University of Massachusetts Medical School)


How to improve rural service delivery in developing countries: Complementarities, information, and incentives (December 2019) This policy brief builds on a framework that illustrates the roles of the public and private sectors in rural services provision, including the role of various mechanisms that bridge the information gap between citizens and service providers. (International Food Policy Research Institute)


Improving Chronic Illness Management in Harlem: Leveraging Community Health Coaches to Address the Challenge of Medication Management Since 2012, City Health Works in Harlem, New York, has hired clinically supervised, neighborhood-based health coaches to support low-income patients manage chronic illnesses like diabetes and hypertension. Study presents the major reasons for medication issues, including those that required “escalations” to clinical supervisors, discusses the unique ways that community-based coaching can help address medication management challenges that emerge in patients’ daily lives, and recommends several action items for medical training and practice, aimed at improving the delivery of patient-centered care. (Urban Institute)


Infectious disease pandemic planning and response: Incorporating decision analysis A decision model for infectious disease pandemics is an appropriate method for integrating evidence from situational and intervention analysis tools, along with the information in policy documents, to provide robust advice on possible response options (including uncertainty). (Public Library of Science)


Learning from the Transfer of HIV Interventions from Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) to the United States: Informing the Plan for America to End the HIV Epidemic NIH is soliciting examples of interventions in HIV prevention, care or treatment that were developed in low- to middle-income countries and have been transferred and attempted to be implemented in the U.S. This could include both successful and unsuccessful cases. Responses are due by February 15, 2020. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Leveraging Juvenile Justice Food Environments to Advance Health Equity This research brief examines the evidence linking the food environment in juvenile justice facilities to diet-related health disparities in the United States and identifies potential policy levers for improving the nutrition related health outcomes of youth who reside in this institutional setting. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


Leveraging Laws and Policies to Help Achieve Healthy People 2020 Objectives The Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy project is developing resources that will provide practical information to a broad audience about the impact that laws and policies can have on health outcomes. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)


Long-Range Planning for Health, Equity & Prosperity: A Primer for Local Governments This primer poses a series of questions in order to provoke thoughts on how planners can prioritize health and equity in their work. The answers to these questions provide: a framework for aligning health equity policies across local government departments; and broad guidance on incorporating equity in long-range planning, community engagement, investment, and evaluation processes. (ChangeLab Solutions)


Making Community Health Workers (CHWs) Fundamental: New Research Strengthens the Case for State Policymakers to Include CHWs in Care Delivery Teams (December 2019) This summary synthesizes key findings from PCORI’s CHW research and provides evidence-based recommendations to guide state policymakers on how to make CHWs integral members of health care delivery teams to improve individual and population health and potentially generate health care savings. (Families USA)


Maternal Mental Health: The State of the State in California and Beyond The report looks at all of the work implemented in both California and nationally to address maternal mental health since April 2017, when California’s state strategic plan was issued by the state’s Task Force on the Status of Maternal Mental Health. (2020 Mom)


Millennium Health Donates Data to Help Fight the Drug Overdose Crisis The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) today is announcing an agreement with Millennium Health to provide near real-time drug testing data that will enhance efforts and targeted approaches in fighting the overdose crisis in the U.S. This donation will improve HHS’ work with state and local officials on drug trends in their areas to target coordination of preventive healthcare resources to avoid overdoses. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day #NBHAAD - February 7 This observance is an opportunity to increase HIV education, testing, community involvement, and treatment among black communities. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


National Native American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day: “Resilience + Action: Ending the Epidemic for Our Native Communities” - March 20, 2020 “Resilience + Action: Ending the Epidemic for Our Native Communities” is the theme for the National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NNHAAD) 2020 to highlight current health and biomedical strategies and community responses to HIV/AIDS in tribal and urban communities (Indian Health Service (IHS))


National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and WIC Program Reach in 2017 ​​This report, the latest in a series of annual reports on WIC eligibility, presents 2017 national and state estimates of the number of people eligible for WIC benefits and the percents of the eligible population and the US population covered by the program, including estimates by participant category. (Food and Nutrition Service, USDA)


New code serves as ethical guidance for public health: Revised code first in US since 2002 The new APHA Public Health Code of Ethics contains six core values and obligations for U.S. public health. The document offers guidance for ethical and fair decisionmaking in practice and on policy. (American Public Health Association (APHA))


Notes from the Field: Multistate Outbreak of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus — United States, 2019 During 2003–2018, an average of eight EEEV disease cases were reported annually in the United States (range = 4–21 cases) (3,4). However, as of October 15, 2019, CDC received reports of 34 cases of EEEV disease from 21 counties in seven states (Figure). Cases were reported from Massachusetts (12 cases), Michigan (10), Connecticut (four), New Jersey (three), Rhode Island (three), North Carolina (one), and Tennessee (one). (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Strengthening the Impact of Community Health Workers on the HIV Care Continuum in the US (R01 Clinical Trial Optional) The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), with other NIH Institutes and CentersNational Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), intends to promote a new initiative by publishing a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to solicit applications for research on: The use of community health workers (CHW) to improve the HIV care continuum in the United States (US). The RFA will support research on the effectiveness of scalable tools, trainings, and strategies designed to strengthen the ability of CHW to improve HIV care among people living with HIV (PLH). (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Onset of Regular Smoking Before Age 21 and Subsequent Nicotine Dependence and Cessation Behavior Among US Adult Smokers This study assessed the association of regular smoking initiation before age 21 years with nicotine dependence and cessation behaviors among US adult smokers. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


Panel identifies need for improved implementation of preventive services and reduced health disparities An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health recommends enhanced research to assess and address disparities in access to health care and use of clinical services that help prevent disease. The panel urges scientists to explore interventions with multiple components and to engage stakeholders inside and outside the health care system. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Pakistan, January 2017–September 2018 A report on polio immunization activities in Pakistan.


Protecting Health Care Workers from Transmissible Airborne Diseases: Challenges and Opportunities Commentary reviews findings from a recent report on worker exposure to airborne transmissible diseases and identifies four strategies that will support health care worker safety, embed safety in health care culture overall, and invigorate the field of personal protective equipment to continue refining existing equipment. (National Academy of Medicine)


Public Health Program for Decreasing Risk for Ebola Virus Disease Resurgence from Survivors of the 2013–2016 Outbreak, Guinea The objective of SA-Ceint was to quickly detect any new EVD cases and stop transmission early. This project was conducted by using a community-based alert system and monitoring high-risk body fluids of survivors. Here we report on the findings of this public health program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Public Transporation: Enhanced Federal Information Sharing on Coordination Could Improve Rural Transit Services This report addresses (1) factors affecting rural transit coordination and selected rural and tribal transit providers' coordination efforts and (2) the extent to which FTA facilitates coordination of rural transit services. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)


Recognizing and Sustaining the Value of Community Health Workers and Promotores This brief, explores how the community health workforce — referred to in this brief as “community health workers and promotores” (CHW/Ps) — is currently contributing to the health care system both in California and around the country. It highlights examples demonstrating how CHW/Ps add value to organizations and how their work is financed, as well as emerging opportunities to scale and sustain that work within California. (Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS))


Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Clinical Scholars fellows include pharmacists, physical therapists, veterinarians, dentists, social workers, nurses, physicians, and many others working in clinical or academic settings. Through mentoring, networking, and an intensive curriculum centered on equity, they deepen their influence and impact as leaders with the power to transform their workplaces and communities. Working in teams of two to five representing diverse disciplines, they design an innovative project to address a complex health problem in their area. Teams receive annual grant funding up to $525,000 so members can participate in the three-year program at no cost to themselves or their organizations. Clinical Scholars is one of several programs created by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to develop a network of strong, interdisciplinary leaders from every sector working to create a nation where everyone can reach their best possible health and well-being. Clinical Scholars, a program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is a national leadership development program for experienced health practitioners. Applications open each January and are in March.


Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on advancing new policies aimed at preventing youth access to, and appeal of, flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and cigars FDA is proposing to end current compliance policy as it applies to flavored electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products such as electronic cigarettes (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored products), and prioritize enforcement of such products offered for sale in ways that pose a greater risk for minors to access these tobacco products. In addition, FDA expects manufacturers of all flavored ENDS products (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored) that remain on the market under these new conditions to submit premarket applications to the agency by Aug. 8, 2021. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Stories from the Field: Essentials for Childhood Framework Post shares five stories of health departments engaged in projects based on the Essentials for Childhood Framework. The framework calls for creating safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for all children, with the aim to prevent child abuse and neglect and to assure that all children reach their full potential. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


The Current Understanding of Gestational Weight Gain Among Women with Obesity and the Need for Future Research In this paper, the authors will present a summary of the how the 2009 IOM/NRC gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations were made and the major data gap that existed at that time, describe new GWG trends for women entering pregnancy with class II and class III obesity (body mass index [BMI] at or above 35), briefly summarize the most promising interventions for women with overweight and obesity, and provide a discussion of the research gaps that will need to be addressed before new recommendations can be made for these groups of women. (National Academy of Medicine)


The Food Environment in Juvenile Justice Residential Facilities in North Carolina This research brief summarizes findings from an exploratory study of a diverse sample of juvenile justice residential facilities in North Carolina conducted by RTI International. The study examined food service operations, agency and facility level policies and practices pertaining to nutrition, participation in federal school nutrition programs, and additional food service funding sources. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


The New PubMed Updated: Items Per Page, Sort Options, See All Similar Articles, and More Several features have been updated in the new PubMed, including options to customize the number of items per page, sort by publication date, reverse sort order, see all similar articles, and download the Results by Year timeline. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


The State of States: How Governors Plan to Address Health-Related Social and Economic Factors in 2019 Blog post examines the social and economic issues raised in the recent governors' state of the state and inaugural addresses – such as poverty, violence, housing, education, and addiction — that heavily impact the health and well-being of Americans. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


The U.S. Government Engagement in Global Health: A Primer This primer provides basic information about global health and U.S. government’s response in low- and middle-income countries. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


Trends in Opioids Prescribed at Discharge From Emergency Departments Among Adults: United States, 2006–2017 (January 2020) This report describes trends in opioid prescribing at emergency department (ED) discharge among adults from 2006–2007 through 2016–2017, by selected patient and hospital characteristics and the type of opioids prescribed. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)


Trends in Total Binge Drinks per Adult Who Reported Binge Drinking — United States, 2011–2017 From 2011 to 2017, the total number of binge drinks consumed annually by U.S. adults who reported binge drinking increased significantly, from 472 to 529. Significant increases were observed among adults who reported binge drinking of both sexes, those aged ≥35 years, and those with lower educational levels and household incomes. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Understanding Rural Health Departments: Do They Have Unique Accreditation Needs? Post discusses how governance, organizational size, and other factors impact rural local health departments' ability to pursue voluntary accreditation. (Rural Health Information Hub)


Update: Product, Substance-Use, and Demographic Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients in a Nationwide Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — United States, August 2019–January 2020 Nationwide, most EVALI patients with data on product source reported acquiring THC-containing products from only informal sources, whereas most nicotine-containing products were acquired from commercial sources. EVALI patients aged 13–17 years were more likely to acquire both THC- and nicotine-containing products from informal sources than were adults. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Use of Mobile Technology by Frontline Health Workers to Promote Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Bihar, India mHealth technology holds promise for improving the effectiveness of frontline health workers (FLWs), who provide most health-related primary care services, especially reproductive, maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition services (RMNCHN), in low-resource - especially hard-to-reach - settings. Data are lacking, however, from rigorous evaluations of mHealth interventions on delivery of health services or on health-related behaviors and outcomes. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


Using mobile phones to improve community health workers performance in low-and-middle-income countries This debate is intended to explore the potential of mobile phone technology in LMICs for improving CHWs performance and effectiveness. (BioMed Central)


Views of Rural US Adults About Health and Economic Concerns his survey study of 1300 adults in 2018 and 1405 adults in 2019 found that opioid or other drug addiction or abuse and economic concerns were identified as the most serious problems facing rural communities. Rural adults also reported recent problems with paying medical bills and accessing health care. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Vital Signs: Zika-Associated Birth Defects and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities Possibly Associated With Congenital Zika Virus Infection — US Territories and Freely Associated States, 2018 CDC’s MMWR and Medscape are proud to introduce a new FREE continuing education (CE) activity. Clinicians will become aware of the frequency and type of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities seen among children born to mothers with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


What Would it Take to Reduce Inequities in Healthy Life Expectancy? Brief identifies five strategies for the health care sector to help people address their health-related social needs and in turn narrow inequities in health and healthy life expectancy. (Urban Institute)


What’s in Our Water? New Research on Forever Chemicals in Drinking Water and Their Public Health Implications On this week's episode of On the Evidence, we speak with Cindy Hu, a data scientist at Mathematica, who studies how humans are exposed to and affected by this class of emerging contaminants in drinking water. We discuss the prevalence of these chemicals in our drinking water, as well as their health implications and ways to address them through public policy. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


Year of the Nurse and the Midwife 2020 Nurses and midwives play a vital role in providing health services. These are the people who devote their lives to caring for mothers and children; giving lifesaving immunizations and health advice; looking after older people and generally meeting everyday essential health needs. They are often, the first and only point of care in their communities. The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. That’s why the World Health Assembly has designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife. (World Health Organization (WHO))


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