Public Health Resources

News

            can also keep you informed about developments in public health.

#CiteNLM Wikipedia Edit-a-thon May 6, 2019. During the all-day online event, we invite you to add citations and content to Wikipedia articles using trusted National Library of Medicine (NLM) resources like MedlinePlus, PubMed, and Genetics Home Reference. Participants can follow the hashtag #CiteNLM on Twitter throughout the day to ask questions, post photos, and share personal experiences. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


+ Series Series designed for any organization committed to fighting HIV stigma and HIV, regardless of where they are located in the United States. Visitors can download materials that show their commitment to ending HIV stigma and HIV, using them to educate and raise public awareness about stopping HIV transmission.


10 Essential Public Health Services Feedback PHNCI is partnering with the de Beaumont Foundation to review and revise the 10 Essential Public Health Services. The Futures Initiative is aimed at bringing the Essential Services national framework in line with current and future public health practice. This survey is one way PHNCI and the de Beaumont Foundation have engaged the public health community to build consensus for an updated national framework. (Public Health National Center for Innovations)


2019 March of Dimes Report Card This new Report Card provides a comprehensive view of the health of moms and babies—as their health is deeply intertwined—across the country, for major cities, each state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. overall. (March of Dimes)


2019 National Prevention Week Planning Guide and Resource Calendar This planning guide and resource calendar helps communities plan and implement their National Prevention Week (NPW) 2019 activities. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)


2020 Cross-jurisdictional Systems Improvement Partnership Technical Assistance Opportunity To improve public health systems and infrastructure, the Center for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support (CSTLTS) with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has partnered with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), the National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO), and the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) to support a collaborative technical assistance opportunity as part of its Strong Systems, Stronger Communities (SSSC) initiative. This opportunity builds on ASTHO, NACCHO, and NIHB’s previous Accreditation Support Initiatives and continues a commitment to the strengthening of public health systems by offering support and technical assistance directly to regions. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))


A Child’s Health is the Public’s Health Preparing for unexpected events is an important part of keeping children safe and healthy all year long. Events like the spread of a serious infection, an explosion, an earthquake, or a weather event, such as a hurricane, may cause health problems for large numbers of people, and especially for children. Children make up one in four people in the United States and they have special needs during and after emergencies. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


A Medication To Treat Meth Addiction? Some Take A New Look At Naltrexone Some early studies indicate that naltrexone, the same medication used to treat alcohol addiction and opioids, can work for some people addicted to methamphetamine. (National Public Radio (NPR))


A rural community moves closer to sustainable obesity prevention - an exploration of community readiness pre and post a community-based participatory intervention Study aimed to use baseline (pre-intervention) community readiness scores to assist with the development of obesity prevention strategies, and to assess changes in community readiness over time (pre/post- intervention), to provide evidence of intervention impact. (BioMed Central)


AJPH Call for Papers: Rural Public Health: A New Frontier AJPH invites papers describing rural health research, analyzing the status of rural governmental public health and health care, reporting interventions in rural settings, assessing the impact of laws and policies aiming at revitalizing rural health, and the human health impact of climate change specifically in rural areas. They also invite editorials and commentaries proposing ways of applying public health methods that have been successful in metropolitan areas or in rural health in other regions of the world to US rural settings, describing potential sources of funding, and depicting a vision for a rural public health of the 21st century. (American Public Health Association (APHA))


Advancing Health Equity Through Community Health Workers and Peer Providers: Mounting Evidence and Policy Recommendations (November 2019) This report reviews results from nine recent studies funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) that provide further support for including community health workers (CHWs) and peer providers (PPs) as important components of health care delivery that are particularly effective in addressing health and health care inequities. (Families USA)


Agua4All: Providing Safe Drinking Water in Rural California Communities Drinking water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages may reduce obesity and dental caries. Tap water is more affordable and sustainable than bottled water and more likely to contain fluoride, which prevents caries. To address inequities in access to safe tap water, cross-sector partners established the Agua4All safe drinking-water program in 2 rural San Joaquin Valley, California, communities. The program’s objective was to examine Agua4All’s feasibility, acceptability, and effect on water intake. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


Airport Roles in Reducing Transmission of Communicable Diseases (2019) Report summarizes an event held from March 6-7, 2018 in Washington, D.C. that discussed the roles of airports in reducing transmission of communicable diseases. Speakers represented the federal government, domestic and foreign airports, local public health agencies, an international aviation organization, and academia. The proceedings focused largely on strategies, best practices, and suggestions that pertain specifically to airports, as identified by the invited speakers. (National Academies Press)


American Indian and Alaska Native Health Portal and Arctic Health to Retire on December 16, 2019 The American Indian and Alaska Native Health portal (https://americanindianhealth.nlm.nih.gov) will be retired on December 16, 2019. Please visit the MedlinePlus American Indian and Alaska Native Health page for information about this topic. The Arctic Health portal moved to a new home on September 28, 2018. The University of Alaska Anchorage will continue to host and maintain the publications database at https://arctichealth.org/. Content from NLM-hosted Arctic Health has been moved to the new site and the search engine has been enhanced. Please bookmark https://arctichealth.org for Arctic Health. The current NLM site (https://arctichealth.nlm.nih.gov/) will no longer be available after December 16, 2019. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


An Opportunity to Reduce Costs, Deliver Better Outcomes in Oral Health Advancing alternative tobacco products and tobacco product quit rates through better trained dental health professionals, would not only improve oral health outcomes, it would also reduce costs and improve care quality. (AcademyHealth)


Association between environmental quality and diabetes in the USA Caloric excess and physical inactivity fail to fully account for the rise of diabetes prevalence. Individual environmental pollutants can disrupt glucose homeostasis and promote metabolic dysfunction. However, the impact of cumulative exposures on diabetes risk is unknown. (Wiley Interscience)


Association of BMI category with change in children’s physical activity between ages 6 and 11 years: a longitudinal study Study examines the association of body mass index (BMI) with change in children’s physical activity and sedentary time between ages 6 and 11. (Springer)


Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome In this repeated cross-sectional study of nearly 4.6 million births in 8 states, policies that criminalized substance use during pregnancy, considered it grounds for civil commitment, or considered it child abuse or neglect were associated with significantly greater rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the first full year after enactment and more than 1 full year after enactment. Policies requiring reporting of suspected prenatal substance use were not associated with rates of NAS. (American Medical Association (AMA))


Beyond the Numbers: Access to Reproductive Health Care for Low-Income Women in Five Communities In the spring and summer of 2019, KFF, working with Health Management Associates, conducted interviews with clinicians, social service providers, community-based organizations, researchers, and health care advocates, as well as a focus group with low-income women in five “medically underserved” communities. Based on the interviews and focus groups, the study addresses how national, state, and local policies, as well as cultural factors, shape access to contraceptive care, sexually transmitted infection prevention and treatment, obstetrical care, and abortion services. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


CDC Grand Rounds: New Frontiers in Workplace Health Article provides an overview of current workplace health promotion programs and evidence and best practice for programs, and introduces the CDC Workplace Health Resource Center. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


CDC Media Statement: Measles cases in the U.S. are highest since measles was eliminated in 2000 As of 3 p.m. on April 24, 2019, CDC is reporting 695 cases of measles from 22 states. This is the greatest number of cases reported in the United States since measles was eliminated from this country in 2000. The high number of cases in 2019 is primarily the result of a few large outbreaks – one in Washington State and two large outbreaks in New York that started in late 2018. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CDC updates EVALI guidance for health care providers as flu activity increases nationally CDC today released updated guidance for health care providers to help diagnose and treat patients with e-cigarette or vaping lung injury (EVALI). This updated guidance, published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR), comes as the 2019-2020 influenza season approaches, when many patients may show up in outpatient clinics or hospitals with symptoms of respiratory illness. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


CDC, States Update Number of Cases of Lung Injury Associated with use of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Products CDC has announced the updated number of confirmed and probable lung injury cases and deaths associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Changes to the Nutrition Facts Label On May 20, 2016, the FDA announced the new Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods to reflect new scientific information, including the link between diet and chronic diseases such as obesity and heart disease. The new label will make it easier for consumers to make better informed food choices. FDA published the final rules in the Federal Register on May 27, 2016. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Check Out the New Clinical Preventive Services Infographic from Healthy People 2020 Each month, we release an infographic with the latest data related to a Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicator (LHI) topic. These infographics show progress toward Healthy People 2020 LHI targets — and show where there’s still work to be done. This month’s featured LHI topic is Clinical Preventive Services. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)


Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration: Efforts to Identify Effective Strategies for Low-Income Children In this report, GAO describes 1) the extent to which CDC changed the design of the Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) Project between grant phases, 2) the results of the CORD Project and factors that have affected implementation, and 3) efforts by CDC and others to disseminate results and lessons learned. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)


Cigarette Smoking Among U.S. Adults Hits All-Time Low Cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has reached an all-time low of 13.7% in 2018 — a decline of approximately two-thirds in the more than 50 years since the first Surgeon General’s report warned of the health consequences of smoking. Yet, new data released in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report show that nearly 1 in 7 U.S. adults smoke cigarettes. Many use other tobacco products. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Cost-effectiveness of Prophylactic Zika Virus Vaccine in the Americas To inform decisions on implementing the recommended vaccine target product profile, study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a potential Zika virus vaccine in 18 countries in the Americas where the estimated attack rates (i.e., the proportion of the population infected) during the 2015–2017 outbreaks were >2%. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


Culture of Health Prize 2019 Winners Announced RWJF proudly honors these five communities with the Culture of Health Prize for their unwavering commitment to promoting health and well-being where they live: Broward County, FL, Greenville County, SC, Gonzales, CA, Lake County, CO, and Sitka, AK. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


Diabetes Prevalence and Incidence Among Medicare Beneficiaries — United States, 2001–2015 The prevalence of diabetes among adults aged ≥68 years has plateaued in recent years, and survey data and Medicare claims indicate that incidence has also declined. However, both prevalence and incidence obtained from Medicare fee-for-service claims are higher than those from survey data. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Dialogue About the Workforce for Population Health Improvement: Proceedings of a Workshop (2019) Proceedings from a March 2019 workshop to explore the broad and multidisciplinary nature of the population health workforce. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Dialogue about the Workforce for Population Health Improvement: Proceedings of a Workshop On March 21, 2019, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 1-day workshop to explore the broad and multidisciplinary nature of the population health workforce. The workshop included speakers from professional and accrediting organizations, community health workers, supervisors, and policy experts and featured national and local examples of cross-sectoral collaboration to advance population health. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


Disparities in Receipt of Eye Exams Among Medicare Part B Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries with Diabetes — United States, 2017 Nationally, 54.1% of Medicare Part B fee-for-service beneficiaries with diabetes had an eye exam in 2017. Disparities by state and race/ethnicity were identified. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Dissecting racial bias in an algorithm used to manage the health of populations The U.S. health care system uses commercial algorithms to guide health decisions. Obermeyer et al. find evidence of racial bias in one widely used algorithm, such that Black patients assigned the same level of risk by the algorithm are sicker than White patients. The authors estimated that this racial bias reduces the number of Black patients identified for extra care by more than half. (American Association for the Advancement of Science)


E-Cigarettes and Vaping-Related Disease The use of e-cigarettes has increased rapidly. Although vaping has been shown to assist with smoking cessation, cases of severe vaping-related pulmonary disease and a number of deaths have recently been reported. Here we present a collection of articles and other resources on e-cigarettes and vaping-related disease, including clinical reports and commentary. (New England Journal of Medicine)


Evaluation of Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid from Patients in an Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — 10 States, August–October 2019 Analyses of THC-containing product samples by FDA and state public health laboratories have identified potentially harmful constituents in these products, such as vitamin E acetate, medium chain triglyceride oil (MCT oil), and other lipids. Vitamin E acetate, in particular, might be used as an additive in the production of e-cigarette, or vaping, products; it also can be used as a thickening agent in THC products. Inhalation of vitamin E acetate might impair lung function. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Expanding Women's Health Practitioners and Researchers' Understanding of Transgender/Nonbinary Health Issues This commentary does not aim to offer a perfect definition of women's health. Rather, in this commentary we explore issues of health care experiences and needs regarding the transgender and nonbinary (TNB) population, one often categorized under the umbrella of “women's health” yet woefully underrepresented in data, research, and policies related to equitable health care provision and access. We argue for a more inclusive understanding of women's health, which includes culturally responsive care for TNB patients. (Elsevier)


FDA In Brief: FDA expands work with Scholastic with launch of new youth e-cigarette prevention educational resources for middle and high schools The U.S. Food and Drug Administration continues to work with Scholastic, the global children’s publishing, education and media company, to develop new youth e-cigarette prevention resources for schools. Today, the FDA and Scholastic are expanding their collaboration to launch their first middle school resources in addition to new resources for high schools. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


Factors that Influence Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment (August 2019) Report focuses on: 1. the ways in which organizational culture and provider perceptions and attitudes affect access to MAT and other SUD treatment; 2. how Medicaid and other insurance coverage impact access to MAT and other SUD treatment; and 3. state-specific initiatives in place to address the opioid epidemic and other SUDs. (National Council for Behavioral Health)


Fighting Together: National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day 2019 National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day (NLAAD) highlights the disproportionate impact of HIV on Hispanic and Latinx communities. The Latino Commission on AIDS—the lead organizer for this October 15 observance—notes, “the NLAAD 2019 campaign want[s] to address that people of either HIV status have a say on ending HIV, in stopping new diagnoses. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


Final Research Plan for Illicit and Nonmedical Drug Use in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults: Preventive Interventions The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force posted today a final research plan on interventions to prevent illicit and nonmedical drug use in children, adolescents, and young adults. (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF))


Financing Suicide Prevention in Health Care Systems Resources provide guidance on how to optimize workflows and billing practices to better finance the delivery of improved suicide prevention services that align with the Zero Suicide framework. (Education Development Center)


Global Vaccination: Trends and U.S. Role (October 2019) For more than 50 years, the United States has taken an interest in the eradication of vaccinepreventable diseases (VPDs) in children worldwide, as well as vaccine research and development, particularly since playing a vital role in the global campaign to eradicate smallpox in the 1960s. Since then, vaccinating children against VPDs has been a major U.S. foreign policy effort. (Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress)


Governance Policies for Strategic Management of Data "Data governance" is the overall strategic management of data availability, usability, integrity, and security in an enterprise or organization. A sound data governance system includes a defined set of governing policies, procedures, and resources, as established by a governing body or council. The role of the governing body is to develop a data strategy for defining priorities and resource allocation, and to implement policies, common processes, and procedures to improve data management and use. The governing body also identifies objectives for data use and establishes data responsibilities within and across the organization. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))


Great American Smokeout — November 21, 2019 The American Cancer Society’s Great American Smokeout is an annual event that encourages smokers to make a plan to quit smoking (https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/great-american-smokeout.html). The 44th annual Great American Smokeout will occur on November 21, 2019. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


HHS Advances Development of Tests to Distinguish Bacterial from Viral Infections across Multiple Healthcare Settings A novel diagnostics technology that reads gene expression patterns in the immune system to distinguish bacterial infections from viral infections and determines the severity within minutes will receive advanced development support from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The technology is being designed for use in outpatient and inpatient healthcare settings. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network The HIV, STI, and Viral Hepatitis Sentinel Network (Sentinel Network) was formed to increase NACCHO’s understanding of local health department efforts, needs, challenges, and successes. The Network is comprised of more than 100 LHDs from over 40 states and the District of Columbia who complete brief surveys on an approximately quarterly basis. The Sentinel Network is open to all local health departments and NACCHO aims to expand Sentinel Network membership to include at least two local health departments from each state and ensure a spectrum of jurisdiction sizes and geographic locations and settings are represented. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))


How to Talk About Mental Health: Addressing Misunderstandings about Mental Health in the Media (September 2019) This tip sheet was developed as a collaboration between the Massachusetts Statewide Youth Advisory Council (SYAC) and the Learning and Working Center at the Transitions to Adulthood Center for Research (TACR) to clear up some common misunderstandings about mental health conditions and to share strategies to talk about mental health in a more accurate and more helpful way. (University of Massachusetts Medical School)


Immunization: vital progress, unfinished agenda This Review focuses on preventive immunization in humans and its impact (rather than on the vaccines themselves), including in low-, middle- and high-income countries. (Springer)


Improving Chronic Illness Management in Harlem: Leveraging Community Health Coaches to Address the Challenge of Medication Management Since 2012, City Health Works in Harlem, New York, has hired clinically supervised, neighborhood-based health coaches to support low-income patients manage chronic illnesses like diabetes and hypertension. Study presents the major reasons for medication issues, including those that required “escalations” to clinical supervisors, discusses the unique ways that community-based coaching can help address medication management challenges that emerge in patients’ daily lives, and recommends several action items for medical training and practice, aimed at improving the delivery of patient-centered care. (Urban Institute)


Interpersonal Violence Syndemics and Co-Occurring Epidemics: Preventing Violence in the Context of Opioid Misuse, Suicide, Social Disparities, and HIV: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief Summary of a May 2019 workshop that explored opioid-, ACEs-, and HIV-related violence syndemics from the perspectives of (a) survivors, (b) researchers studying these interactions, (c) public health professionals engaged with affected communities and in the creation and implementation of prevention and intervention measures, and (d) policy makers who are seeking multilevel interventions to address the complexities of comorbidities that reinforce and exacerbate each other. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))


It’s Time to Connect Rural Health Equity with Community and Economic Development It’s time to think differently about investing in rural America and the way we approach health and equity across its diverse communities. New research and resources show the critical connection between health, rural community and economic development. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives. Report of the Commission of the Pan American Health Organization on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas The report provides examples of successful policies, programs, and actions implemented in countries and presents 12 recommendations to achieve health equity, calling for coordinated actions among local and national governments, transnational organizations, and civil society to jointly address the social determinants of health. (Pan American Health Organization)


Lessons Learned: Implementation of a HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Project (ACIOP) The University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), Lamar Soutter Library (LSL) was awarded two ACIOP contracts. The contract in 2017-2018 was Bringing HIV/AIDS Information to the Heart of the Commonwealth, and in 2018-1019 the contract was HIV/AIDS Information at the Point-of-Care in Worcester, Massachusetts. This blog post will focus on some of the challenges encountered as part of the HIV/AIDS Information at the Point-of-Care. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)


Leveraging Laws and Policies to Help Achieve Healthy People 2020 Objectives The Healthy People 2020 Law and Health Policy project is developing resources that will provide practical information to a broad audience about the impact that laws and policies can have on health outcomes. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)


Local walking and cycling by residents living near urban motorways: cross-sectional analysis Study explored the cross-sectional association between living near an urban motorway and local walking and cycling. (BioMed Central)


Marketing claims on infant formula and toddler milk packages: What do caregivers think they mean? (September 2019) In this study, Rudd Center researchers surveyed caregivers to assess their understanding of the meaning of common claims on an infant formula or toddler milk package, including benefits for their child and how these products compare to breastfeeding or serving healthy foods. It also measured whether there was a misconception that toddler milks are appropriate for infants. (University of Connecticut, Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity)


Maternal Health Begins Where Moms Live, Learn, and Work (October 2019) Fact sheet highlights social and health care influences on maternal health. (University of Arizona)


Measles Virus May Wipe Out Immune Protection For Other Diseases Two new studies illustrate how skipping the measles vaccine carries a double risk. Not only does it leave a child vulnerable to a highly contagious disease, but also, for individuals who survive an initial measles attack, the virus increases their vulnerability to all kinds of other infections for months — possibly even years — after they recover. (National Public Radio (NPR))


Medicaid Incentives, Performance Measures, and Workforce Innovations Foster Access to Pediatric Oral Health Care While state policymakers across the country grapple with oral health care access challenges, California, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut are incentivizing their Medicaid plans and providers to deliver pediatric oral health services in innovative ways, with a special focus on community-based solutions. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


Mind-Body Therapies for Opioid-Treated Pain Study evaluates the association of MBTs with pain and opioid dose reduction in a diverse adult population with clinical pain. (American Medical Association (AMA))


More Adolescents Seek Medical Care For Mental Health Issues ERs throughout California are reporting a sharp increase in adolescents and young adults seeking care for a mental health crisis. In 2018, California ERs treated 84,584 young patients ages 13 to 21 who had a primary diagnosis involving mental health. That is up from 59,705 in 2012, a 42% increase, according to data provided by the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. By comparison, the number of ER encounters among that age group for all other diagnoses grew by just 4% over the same period. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))


National Influenza Vaccination Week 2019 ​The Public Health Foundation (PHF) supports National Influenza Vaccination Week (NIVW), an annual observance reminding public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and families that it’s not too late for everyone 6 months and older to get a flu vaccine. This week-long observance, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), will take place December 1-7, 2019. (Public Health Foundation (PHF))


Needs Assessment Methodologies in Determining Treatment Capacity for Substance Use Disorders: Final Report This project evaluated needs assessment methodologies for substance use disorder (SUD) treatment capacity, highlighting best practices and identifying gaps and opportunities for improvement. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS)


Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Implementing the HIV Service Cascade for Justice-Involved Populations NIDA intends to publish a funding opportunity announcement for cooperative agreements that will examine the delivery of the full continuum of HIV services for adults with injection drug use or opioid use disorder in US community corrections populations (probation/parole). The FOA is expected to be published in February 2020 with expected application due dates in April 2020. (National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), NIH)


Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Availability of Administrative and Revision Supplements to Expand Vaping Research and Understand EVALI This Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) calls for research on the causes, disease mechanisms, and long-term prognosis of individuals with electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI) and related health effects of vaping. Participating Institutes and Centers announce the availability of funds for Administrative Supplements and Competitive Revisions to active funded grants to investigate research questions relevant to EVALI. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Notice of Special Interest: Advancing Research for Tickborne Diseases (TBDs) The purpose of this Notice is to announce that the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) encourage new applications to advance research activities relevant to the five strategic priorities identified in the recently released NIH Strategic Plan for Tickborne Disease Research. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Opioid Use Disorder among Medicaid Enrollees: Snapshot of the Epidemic and State Responses This brief draws on analyses provided by the Medicaid Outcomes Distributed Research Network (MODRN), a collaborative effort to analyze data across multiple states to facilitate learning among Medicaid agencies. It profiles the opioid epidemic among the Medicaid population in six states participating in MODRN that also have been hard hit by the opioid epidemic: Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. The brief also draws on interviews with officials from the state Medicaid and other health agencies. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


Policy Roundup: Improving Maternal Health Outcomes for Black Women This post surveys some of the biggest initiatives underway to address racial disparities in maternal mortality. (Harvard University)


Predictors of weight loss outcomes in obesity care: results of the national ACTION study A key objective of this study was to examine obesity care attitudes and behaviors of people with obesity (PwO) and determine independent factors associated with a self-reported sustained weight loss success outcome. (BioMed Central)


Preparing Health Departments for Climate Change: Podcast with Elena Grossman and Emily York In this episode of JPHMP Direct Talk, authors Elena Grossman and Emily York discuss their article, “Minigrants to Local Health Departments: An Opportunity to Promote Climate Change Preparedness,” published in the March/April 2019 issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. (Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)


Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives (November 2019) This brief was designed to identify trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack (myocardial infarction) while also assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions across the nation. (Southwest Rural Health Research Center)


Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis — January 2018–June 2019 During January–June 2019, the number of human dracunculiasis cases reported increased to 25 cases in three countries (Angola, Cameroon, and Chad) and 1,346 infected domestic dogs were reported; Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan reported no human cases. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Pakistan, January 2017–September 2018 A report on polio immunization activities in Pakistan.


Promoting population health with public-private partnerships: Where’s the evidence? The objective of this study is to appraise the evidence describing process or effectiveness of public-private partnerships (PPPs) that aim to promote population health, and analyse how characteristics such as independence or competing interests influence the results of their evaluation. (BioMed Central)


Public Comment Invited on 4th Revision of the Clinical Prevention and Population Health Curriculum Framework The APTR Healthy People Curriculum Task Force invites the academic and practice community to review and comment on the fifth draft version of the Clinical Prevention and Population Health Curriculum Framework. The Public Comment period will close on December 6, 2019. (Association for Prevention Teaching and Research)


Racial/Ethnic and Age Group Differences in Opioid and Synthetic Opioid–Involved Overdose Deaths Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years in Metropolitan Areas — United States, 2015–2017 From 2015 to 2017, nearly all racial/ethnic groups and age groups experienced significant increases in opioid-involved and synthetic opioid–involved overdose death rates, particularly blacks aged 45–54 years (from 19.3 to 41.9 per 100,000) and 55–64 years (from 21.8 to 42.7) in large central metro areas. The increased involvement of synthetic opioids in overdose deaths is changing the demographics of the opioid overdose epidemic. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Request for Information - PreventionX This Request for Information (RFI) falls directly within the framework of Secretary Azar's Value-Based Transformation Initiative, which aims to catalyze the shift towards a health care system focused on rewarding and improving patient outcomes, not only on reimbursement for procedures. Information gathered from the RFI will be used to inform how HHS could catalyze the scaling and deployment of effective prevention strategies into today's social and economic environment. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))


Risk Factors for E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury (EVALI) Among Adults Who Use E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Products — Illinois, July–October 2019 Compared with survey respondents aged 18–44 years reporting using of THC-containing e-cigarette, or vaping, products, e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) patients aged 18–44 years had higher odds of reporting exclusive and frequent use of THC-containing products and obtaining these products from informal sources, such as a dealer, off the street, or from a friend, and of using Dank Vapes, a class of largely counterfeit THC-containing products. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Clinical Scholars fellows include pharmacists, physical therapists, veterinarians, dentists, social workers, nurses, physicians, and many others working in clinical or academic settings. Through mentoring, networking, and an intensive curriculum centered on equity, they deepen their influence and impact as leaders with the power to transform their workplaces and communities. Working in teams of two to five representing diverse disciplines, they design an innovative project to address a complex health problem in their area. Teams receive annual grant funding up to $525,000 so members can participate in the three-year program at no cost to themselves or their organizations. Clinical Scholars is one of several programs created by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to develop a network of strong, interdisciplinary leaders from every sector working to create a nation where everyone can reach their best possible health and well-being. Clinical Scholars, a program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is a national leadership development program for experienced health practitioners. Applications open each January and are in March.


Rural Focus and Representation in State Maternal Mortality Review Committees: Review of Policy and Legislation Study assessed the extent of rural representation in state policy efforts related to maternal mortality and morbidity review committees. (Elsevier)


Rural Health Grants Eligibility Request for Information HRSA seeks public input on whether and how eligibility criteria governing community-based grant programs administered by FORHP affect rural health organizations’ ability to leverage grant funding through FORHP. Comments will be received through 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on November 23, 2019. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)


Sales, Nutrition, and Marketing of Children's Drinks (October 2019) Report analyzes children’s drinks that contained added sugars and/or low-calorie sweeteners (i.e., fruit drink, flavored water, and drink mix categories) and children’s drinks without added sweeteners (i.e., 100% juice, juice/water blend, and plain water/seltzer categories). (University of Connecticut, Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity)


Sharing and Integrating HIV Client Data Across Provider Organizations to Improve Service Coordination Recognizing the potential power of close collaboration, two federal programs that provide support to low-income people with HIV—the Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS program of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program—came together to determine how they could improve outcomes for individuals with HIV who also experience housing instability. This data integration project was carried out with four local partnerships and evaluated by the RAND Corporation. As part of the evaluation, the authors developed this toolkit as a way to share lessons learned and help others who are considering similar efforts to share data across service providers. (RAND Corporation)


State Medicaid Strategies to Promote Early Identification and Treatment of Pregnant Women with Substance Use Disorder This issue brief highlights state strategies, such as developing a state Medicaid Opioid Strategy with a focus on pregnant and parenting women, and leveraging financial incentives, quality measures, waivers, and public-private partnership to improve maternal and birth outcomes and curb state costs associated with SUD. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on advancing new policies aimed at preventing youth access to, and appeal of, flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and cigars FDA is proposing to end current compliance policy as it applies to flavored electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products such as electronic cigarettes (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored products), and prioritize enforcement of such products offered for sale in ways that pose a greater risk for minors to access these tobacco products. In addition, FDA expects manufacturers of all flavored ENDS products (other than tobacco-, mint-, and menthol-flavored) that remain on the market under these new conditions to submit premarket applications to the agency by Aug. 8, 2021. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)


States Maintain and Increase Vaccine Coverage Through Legislative Action States can increase vaccine coverage through policy interventions. Due to the extremely high number of measles outbreaks in 2019, states paid significant attention to legislation limiting vaccine exemptions. In addition to limiting exemptions, states can increase vaccine coverage rates by targeting adult vaccination requirements, expanding the number and types of individuals who can administer vaccines, and establishing or improving immunization reporting systems. Post provides an overview of 2019 state vaccine legislative activities. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))


Stigma and obesity: the crux of the matter As we celebrate a new unified World Obesity Day (from 2020, March 4), we share a collective responsibility to identify obesity and stigma as the crux of the matter, a central driver of the world's non-communicable disease burden, and to take a central role in reshaping the narrative, placing people with obesity at the centre of our policies and practices. (The Lancet)


Stories from the Field: Essentials for Childhood Framework Post shares five stories of health departments engaged in projects based on the Essentials for Childhood Framework. The framework calls for creating safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for all children, with the aim to prevent child abuse and neglect and to assure that all children reach their full potential. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


The Drug Overdose Epidemic Affects All Communities In the last few decades, the drug overdose epidemic has worsened dramatically. The number of deaths from drug overdoses has skyrocketed, particularly among White people and people who live in rural areas. This aspect of the epidemic has gotten a lot of attention, because the rate has been increasing so quickly. However, it is not the whole story of the drug overdose epidemic. A new NIH analysis of drug overdose deaths shows that the epidemic is huge and national, affecting people of all racial and ethnic groups, in cities, suburbs, small towns, and rural areas, and rates of drug overdose are rising among almost all groups. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


The Intersection of Tobacco and Marijuana Use in Adolescents and Young Adults In both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies, researchers have noted an association between e-cigarette and marijuana use. Compared with youth who had not used an e-cigarette, youth who had used an e-cigarette were 3.5 times more likely to use marijuana. (American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP))


The New PubMed is Here An updated version of PubMed is now available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/. The new PubMed will become the default in spring 2020 and will ultimately replace the legacy version. (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), NLM)


The Opioid Hydra: Understanding Overdose Mortality Epidemics and Syndemics Across the Rural-Urban Continuum Study documents trends in drug overdose mortality by opioid type across the rural-urban continuum, identifies distinct opioid overdose mortality epidemics (termed classes) at the county-level over time using latent profile analysis, and describes the demographic, drug risk, social disorganization, and economic characteristics of communities affected by different opioid overdose epidemics. (Wiley Interscience)


The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey (November 2019) Report identifies overarching trends in LGBTQ health experiences, paying close attention to the ways that intersecting experiences of social difference – race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, rurality – impact the health and wellness of LGBTQ Southerners. (Campaign for Southern Equality)


The Science of Stigma: Understanding and Addressing HIV Stigma NIAID Now spoke with Dianne Rausch, Ph.D., director of the Division of AIDS Research (DAR) at NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health, and Gregory Greenwood, Ph.D., DAR program officer and stigma expert, about HIV-related stigma, its effects on health, and how research is informing strategies to reduce stigma and improve HIV outcomes. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)


The State of States: How Governors Plan to Address Health-Related Social and Economic Factors in 2019 Blog post examines the social and economic issues raised in the recent governors' state of the state and inaugural addresses – such as poverty, violence, housing, education, and addiction — that heavily impact the health and well-being of Americans. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


The U.S. Government Engagement in Global Health: A Primer This primer provides basic information about global health and U.S. government’s response in low- and middle-income countries. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))


Tobacco Product Use and Cessation Indicators Among Adults — United States, 2018 In 2018, approximately 20% of U.S. adults currently used any tobacco product; cigarette smoking reached an all-time low (13.7%). During 2009–2018, significant increases in three cigarette cessation indicators occurred. During 2017–2018, e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco product use prevalence increased. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Tobacco Use in Top-Grossing Movies — United States, 2010–2018 From 2010 to 2018, tobacco incidents in top-grossing movies increased 57%, including a 120% increase in those rated PG-13. In 2018, biographical dramas accounted for most tobacco incidents, including 82% of those in PG-13 movies; 73% of characters who used tobacco in these biographical dramas were fictional. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Tobacco and Marijuana Use Among US College and Noncollege Young Adults, 2002–2016 Study assesses trends and behavioral patterns of marijuana and cigarette and/or cigar (ie, smoked tobacco) use among 18- to 22-year-old US young adults who were in or not in college. (American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP))


Understanding Technical Assistance Needs for Delivering Telehealth Services in New York State (November 2019) This report identifies technical assistance needs of current and potential telehealth providers. (Center for Health Workforce Studies)


UPDATE: NIH HIV/AIDS Research Priorities and Guidelines for Determining HIV/AIDS Funding The highest overarching priorities for HIV/AIDS research and guidelines for determining the use of HIV/AIDS-designated funds effective FY 2021 to FY 2025 are: 1) reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS, including the development of safe and effective HIV/AIDS vaccines and microbicides; 2) develop the next generation of HIV therapies with improved safety and ease of use; 3) discover a cure for HIV/AIDS; and 4) reduce HIV-associated comorbidities and coinfections. Basic research, health disparities, behavioral and social sciences research, epidemiology, information dissemination, implementation sciences, and training that cut across the four priority areas are also supported. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)


Using Data, Incentives, and Innovation, Three States Work to Improve Maternal Vaccination Rates Three states are trying a number of innovative approaches to increase vaccination rates among pregnant women by providing incentives to health plans, increasing access to vaccinations through pharmacies, and using data to identify and target populations, regions, and providers with substandard influenza and Tdap (which protects against pertussis) vaccination rates. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))


Using Geospatial Analyses of Linked Electronic Health Records and Tobacco Outlet Data to Address the Social Determinants of Smoking Study linked patient-level smoking status and address data from a Mid-Atlantic health system EHR to local area–level SDOH measures. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)


Vital Signs: Estimated Proportion of Adult Health Problems Attributable to Adverse Childhood Experiences and Implications for Prevention — 25 States, 2015–2017 Nearly 16% of adults in the study population reported four or more types of adverse childhood experiences, which were significantly associated with poorer health outcomes, health risk behaviors, and socioeconomic challenges. Population attributable fractions representing potential percentage reductions in outcomes ranged from 1.7% for overweight or obesity to 44.1% for depression. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))


Vital Signs: Zika-Associated Birth Defects and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities Possibly Associated With Congenital Zika Virus Infection — US Territories and Freely Associated States, 2018 CDC’s MMWR and Medscape are proud to introduce a new FREE continuing education (CE) activity. Clinicians will become aware of the frequency and type of birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities seen among children born to mothers with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)


What Can the Health Care Sector Do to Advance Health Equity? A study says eliminating racial/ ethnic health disparities would reduce health care costs by $230 billion and indirect costs of excess disease and mortality by more than $1 trillion over four years. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))


What Would it Take to Reduce Inequities in Healthy Life Expectancy? Brief identifies five strategies for the health care sector to help people address their health-related social needs and in turn narrow inequities in health and healthy life expectancy. (Urban Institute)


What’s in Our Water? New Research on Forever Chemicals in Drinking Water and Their Public Health Implications On this week's episode of On the Evidence, we speak with Cindy Hu, a data scientist at Mathematica, who studies how humans are exposed to and affected by this class of emerging contaminants in drinking water. We discuss the prevalence of these chemicals in our drinking water, as well as their health implications and ways to address them through public policy. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)


Worldwide, more than half of new HIV infections now among key populations and their sexual partners In 2018, the global distribution of new HIV infections in 2018 crossed a threshold: the majority of global new infections were among key populations and their sexual partners (United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS))


Your input on code of ethics is needed The Health Education Code of Ethics has been updated by the Coalition of National Health Education Organizations (CNHEO), of which SOPHE is a member. The code of ethics outlines your responsibility as a practitioner, faculty member or researcher to the public, employers, and the health education profession. Take time to review the revised draft and provide your input – even to indicate your agreement with the proposed changes – no later than December 15. (Society for Public Health Education)


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