Public Health Resources

Veterinary Public Health


Core Competencies in One Health Education: What Are We Missing?  Jun-04-2018 This paper discusses the unique challenges facing the incorporation of One Health core competencies in educational programs and provide recommendations to advance their visibility and use. (National Academy of Medicine)

Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections Associated with Exposure to Animal Manure in a Rural Community - Arizona and Utah, June-July 2017   Jun-14-2018 Twelve cases of STEC O157:H7 infection associated with exposure to animal manure and secondary person-to-person transmission occurred in an Arizona-Utah border community. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks - United States, 2009-2015   Jul-26-2018 During 2009-2015, the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) received reports of 5,760 outbreaks that resulted in 100,939 illnesses, 5,699 hospitalizations, and 145 deaths. Among 2,953 outbreaks with a single confirmed etiology, norovirus was the most common cause of outbreaks [38%] and outbreak-associated illnesses [41%], followed by Salmonella. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say NIH officials   Jul-26-2018 The incidence of tickborne infections in the United States has risen significantly within the past decade. It is imperative, therefore, that public health officials and scientists build a robust understanding of pathogenesis, design improved diagnostics, and develop preventive vaccines, according to a new commentary in the NEJM. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

The Opioid Epidemic: What Veterinarians Need to Know   Aug-15-2018 Resource outlines what steps can veterinarians take if they stock and administer opioids. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

E coli cases prompt ground chuck recall from Publix stores  Sep-04-2018 An investigation into Escherichia coli O26 illnesses, mostly in Florida, has prompted the Publix supermarket chain to voluntarily recall ground chuck shipped to stores in two dozen Florida counties, the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced last week. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Multistate Outbreaks of Salmonella Infections Linked to Contact with Live Poultry in Backyard Flocks, 2018 (Final Update)  Sep-14-2018 CDC and multiple states investigated several multistate outbreaks of Salmonella infections linked to contact with live poultry in backyard flocks. A total of 334 people were infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella reported from 47 states. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

FDA Releases Five-Year Plan for Supporting Antimicrobial Stewardship in Veterinary Settings  Sep-17-2018 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) has just unveiled its five-year action plan for supporting antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary settings. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Using Yelp Restaurant Reviews to Identify Foodborne Illness  Sep-25-2018 Post highlights projects in Salt Lake City and Chicago to use social media to track foodborne diseases. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))

USDA Outlines Next Steps for Advancing Animal Disease Traceability  Sep-26-2018 The USDA just announced four overarching goals for advancing animal disease traceability to protect the long-term health, marketability and economic viability of the U.S. livestock industry: advance electronic data sharing between federal and state animal health officials, veterinarians, and industry: use electronic ID tags for animals for better data transmission; enhance tracking of animals from birth to slaughter; and work towards a system where health certificates are transmitted electronically from veterinarians to state health officials. (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service)

Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Mbandaka Infections Linked to Kellogg’s Honey Smacks Cereal (Final Update)  Sep-27-2018 CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration investigated a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Mbandaka infections. 135 people infected with the outbreak strain were reported from 36 states. 34 people were hospitalized. No deaths were reported. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Food Safety Scares Are Up In 2018. Here's Why You Shouldn't Freak Out  Oct-03-2018 Post highlights the improvements in foodborne disease surveillance. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, 2016: Annual Report (2018)  Oct-12-2018 In 2016, 839 foodborne disease outbreaks were reported, resulting in 14,259 illnesses, 875 hospitalizations, 17 deaths, and 18 food product recalls. Norovirus was the most common cause of confirmed, single-etiology outbreaks, accounting for 145 (36%) outbreaks and 3,794 (42%) illnesses. Salmonella was the next most common cause, accounting for 132 (33%) outbreaks and 3,047 (33%) illnesses, followed by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, which caused 25 (6%) confirmed, single-etiology outbreaks and 366 (4%) illnesses. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Translocation of a Stray Cat Infected with Rabies from North Carolina to a Terrestrial Rabies-Free County in Ohio, 2017  Oct-26-2018 While incubating the rabies virus, a cat potentially traveled through eight states, three of which are terrestrial rabies free. If the cat had become infectious during travel, a rabies epizootic could have occurred. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

One Health Day - November 3rd  Oct-29-2018 A global campaign that celebrates and brings attention to the need for a One Health approach to address shared health threats at the human-animal-environment interface. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Foodborne illness source attribution estimates for 2016 for Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter using multi-year outbreak surveillance data,United States (November 2018)  Nov-09-2018 The Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration (IFSAC), a collaboration between the USDA, FDA, and CDC, developed a method to estimate the sources of foodborne illness using outbreak data from 1998 through the most recent year for four priority pathogens: Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

CDC Food Safety Alert: E. coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce  Nov-20-2018 CDC is advising consumers, restaurants, and retailers not to eat, serve, or sell any romaine lettuce as it investigates an outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 infections linked to romaine. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Notes from the Field: Multiple Modes of Transmission During a Thanksgiving Day Norovirus Outbreak — Tennessee, 2017  Nov-21-2018 On November 28, 2017, the manager of restaurant A in Tennessee reported receiving 18 complaints from patrons with gastrointestinal illness who had dined there on Thanksgiving Day, November 23, 2017. Tennessee Department of Health officials conducted an investigation to confirm the outbreak, assess exposures, and recommend measures to prevent continued spread. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

CDC Update on Investigation of Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Romaine Lettuce  Nov-27-2018 CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are now advising that U.S. consumers not eat and retailers and restaurants not serve or sell any romaine lettuce from the Central Coastal growing regions of northern and central California. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Notice of Request for a New Information Collection: Stakeholder Input on Federal Outreach To Control Listeria Monocytogenes at Retail  Nov-27-2018 The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is announcing its intention to collect information from stakeholders from industry, State and public health and agriculture departments with responsibilities for retail food safety, local health departments, and grocers to gather information on FSIS outreach efforts related to retail best practices to control Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) in retail delicatessens. (Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA)

Multistate Infestation with the Exotic Disease–Vector Tick Haemaphysalis longicornis — United States, August 2017–September 2018  Nov-30-2018 During 2017–2018, H. longicornis has been detected in Arkansas, Connecticut, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia on various species of domestic animals and wildlife, and from two humans. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

CDC Update: Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Romaine Lettuce  Dec-07-2018 Nine additional people have been reported since the last update on November 26, 2018. This brings the total to 52 cases from 15 states. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Parks Service Disease Prevention and Response Branch  The Disease Prevention and Response (Epidemiology) Branch within the National Park Service Office of Public Health works to prevent, detect, and respond to disease transmission within the National Parks. They work from a One Health perspective, recognizing that the health of people, animals, and the environment are all related. (National Park Service)

Disaster Preparedness for Veterinarians  Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams (VMAT) serve as first responders to ensure high-quality care of animals during disasters and emergencies. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Food Defense and Emergency Response  Resources to help reduce the risk of tampering or other malicious, criminal, or terrorist actions on the food and cosmetic supply. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

National Animal Care and Control Association 

National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT)  The National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT) provides assistance in identifying the need for veterinary services following major disasters, emergencies, public health or other events requiring Federal support and in assessing the extent of disruption to animal and public health infrastructures. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), HHS)

State Animal & Agriculture Response Teams  Interagency state organizations dedicated to preparing, planning, responding and recovering during animal emergencies in the United States. SART is a public private partnership, joining government agencies with the private concerns around the common goal of animal issues during disasters.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Email Subscriptions  Sign up for email updates from APHIS. (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service)

ProMED-mail  The Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases (ProMED) is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases. It has several moderators for animal diseases and zoonoses and uses electronic communications to provide up-to-date news on disease outbreaks around the world. (International Society for Infectious Diseases)

Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet)  (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Global Early Warning System for Major Animal Diseases, including Zoonoses (GLEWS)  The overall objective of GLEWS is to improve data sharing and risk assessment for animal disease threats of the three sister organizations (FAO, OIE and WHO) for the benefit of the international community. (World Health Organization (WHO))

National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN)  Part of a nationwide strategy to coordinate the work of all organizations providing animal disease surveillance and testing services.

National Animal Health Surveillance System (NAHSS)  Animal health surveillance information for aquaculture, cattle, equine, poultry, sheep and goats, and swine. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA))

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) for Enteric Bacteria  NARMS is a collaboration among Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (Center for Veterinary Medicine) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (Food Safety and Inspection Service and Agricultural Research Services) within the framework of FoodNet and CDC's Emerging Infections Program's Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity Program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) Dashboard   An online data tool with public access to nearly 20 years of information on foodborne, waterborne, and other enteric (intestinal) disease outbreaks. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Residue Program (Residue Chemistry)  FSIS conducts tests for chemicals-including antibiotics, sulfonamides, and various other drugs, pesticides and environmental chemicals-in meat, poultry and egg products destined for human consumption. This site links to the sampling plan, the testing results and information on the tests used, as well as a list of violators. (Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA)

AVMA Advocacy  AVMA represents the interests of veterinarians on federal legislative and regulatory issues that influence animal health, public health and the veterinary profession. This sites provides summaries of selected AVMA policies, state veterinary medical associations, AVMA federal and state government relations contacts, comprehensive issue papers, and tools for effective advocacy efforts. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Animal Legal and Historical Center Web Site  Site provides a web library of legal and policy materials as relates to animals, expert explanation of the materials for both the lawyer and the non-lawyer, and an historical perspective about social and legal attitudes toward animals. (Michigan State University (MSU))

Regulations, Directives & Notices - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS)  (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA))

State public health veterinarians of the United States  Contact information for the public health veterinarian for each state. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Statement of Policy: Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (October 2018)  A policy statement from NACCHO’s Board of Directorson Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) in response to concerns from local health departments. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))

Effectively Communicating About Mosquito Control: A Guide for Mosquito Control Partners (October 2018)  Based on research and expert communications guidance, this guide is intended to further on-the-ground mosquito control efforts and provide tools that mosquito control partners can use to educate others about the need for adequate mosquito protection. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

    • + Animal Health and Zoonotic Diseases
      • Animal Health
      • CONSULTANT CONSULTANT is a veterinary diagnostic support system used to suggest possible causes for clinical signs and symptoms. It provides a brief synopsis of the cause including a general description, species affected, associated signs/symptoms, and literature references.
      • Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) CAPC, an independent industry-sponsored council established to create guidelines for the optimal control of internal and external parasites that threaten the health of pets and people. Brings together broad expertise in parasitology, internal medicine, public health, veterinary law, private practice and association leadership and provides consumer and practitioner information on separate websites. Some Spanish materials.
      • Gastrointestinal (Enteric) Diseases from Animals Information on zoonotic diseases or zoonoses, diseases caused by germs (pathogens) that can be spread between animals and humans.
      • HealthMap Global disease alert map that brings together disparate data sources for a comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health. Data is aggregated by disease and displayed by location with links to disease alerts.
      • HealthMap PREDICT A global early warning system to detect and reduce the impacts of emerging diseases that move between wildlife and people (zoonotic diseases).
      • Healthy Pets Healthy People Information about diseases people can catch from pets, farm animals, and wildlife.
      • Notifiable Diseases in Animals Information about animal disease outbreaks and the measures to control them in the UK.
      • Overview of Zoonoses - The Merck Veterinary Manual Edited by Susan E. Aiello, B.S., D.V.M., E.L.S. and published by Merck & Co., Inc. NJ, USA, the Manual is a free online browseable and searchable reference that describes many zoonotic diseases and provides a quick reference table of more than 200 Global Zoonoses with distribution, probable means of transmission and clinical manifestations in humans.
      • Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PANAFTOSA) - Pan American Health Organization (Brazil) PANAFTOSA houses the Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health ( and several information systems: the Epidemiological Information System SIEPI, the Epidemiological Surveillance System for Rabies in the Americas SIRVERA, and the Continental Epidemiological Surveillance System SIVCONT (production and training). It also offers events, which are routinely announced via the PANAFTOSA Regional Events Directory.
      • Technical Factsheets Factsheets on animal-borne diseases, zoonoses, vectors, and toxins to animals.
      • Vector-Borne Disease Control NACCHO works to increase the capacity of local health departments to address environmental health issues including vector control, integrated pest management, and infectious diseases related to rodents and other emerging vectors.
      • Zoonoses: Information Resources Factsheets on diseases or infections which are naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans.
    • + Food Borne Illness
      • 2015 NARMS Integrated Report (2017) Report presents information and trends on Salmonella, Campylobacter, E.coli and Enterococcus in the food animal supply.
      • 2016 Food Safety Survey Report Results of a survey of U.S. adults on foodborne illness, germs, and proper food preparation.
      • Annual Summaries of Foodborne Outbreaks Annual summaries of domestic foodborne disease outbreaks based on reports provided by state, local, and territorial health departments. These summaries help public health practitioners better understand the pathogens, foods, settings, and contributing factors involved in these outbreaks.
      • Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety Website provides an overview of antibiotic resistance, its link to food safety, and how to protect people from foodborne illness.
      • Atlas of Salmonella in the United States The Atlas of Salmonella in the United States, 1968-2011, summarizes 42 years of laboratory-confirmed surveillance data on Salmonella isolates from humans.
      • CDC Food Safety Provides information on foodborne illness, outbreaks, and investigations.
      • CFSAN Adverse Event Reporting System (CAERS) A database that contains information on adverse event and product complaint reports submitted to FDA for foods, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
      • CIFOR Guidelines for Foodborne Illness Complaint Systems Guidelines on the use of foodborne illness complaint systems to detect foodborne disease outbreaks for use by public health entities involved in consumer complaint-based surveillance, response, and investigation.
      • FDA Food Code A model that assists food control jurisdictions at all levels of government by providing them with a scientifically sound technical and legal basis for regulating the retail and food service segment of the industry (restaurants and grocery stores and institutions such as nursing homes)
      • Food Chain Crisis Management Framework FCC-EMPRES for animal health, plant protection and food safety contain the main technical capacities of FAO to address transboundary animal and plant and pests and diseases, including aquatic and forest pests and diseases, food safety and radiation threats, and to support countries in the fight against these threats.
      • Food Defense & Emergency Response - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) Guidance materials on developing a food defense plan and training materials and podcasts for for front-line employees in the food and agriculture industry.
      • Food Safety - World Health Organization The WHO department of Food Safety and Zoonoses (FOS) provides leadership in global efforts to lower the burden of diseases, thereby strengthening the health security and ensuring sustainable development of Member States.
      • Food Safety Education Month September is National Food Safety Education Month. It provides an opportunity to raise awareness about steps you can take to prevent food poisoning.
      • Food safety in the EU Presents the European Union integrated approach to food safety, animal health, animal welfare and plant health through coherent farm-to-table measures and adequate monitoring.
      • FoodNet Fast An interactive tool to display data on graphs, maps, and tables for select pathogens transmitted commonly through food. Users can create custom searches and download data from the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), which covers about 15% of the United States population.
      • Web portal provides information on recalls, how to keep food safe, food poisoning, vulnerable populations, and reporting issues with food items.
      • Guidelines for Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response This CIFOR toolkit allows state and local health departments to conduct self-assessments of their outbreak detection, and to implement appropriate recommendations. (Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response)
      • National Agricultural Biosecurity Center - Kansas State University National Agricultural Biosecurity Center aims to develop, coordinate, implement, and leverage a broad range of programs and capabilities to address diverse threats to the U.S. and world agricultural economies and food supply.
      • National Environmental Assessment Reporting System (NEARS) NEARS is a national effort to systematically collect, analyze, interpret, and disseminate environmental data from foodborne illness outbreak investigations.
      • PulseNet PulseNet compares the DNA fingerprints of bacteria from patients to find clusters of disease that might represent unrecognized food or water disease outbreaks.
      • The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel CDC has partnered with the USDA and 4-H to develop "The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak," a graphic novel intended to educate youth audiences about variant flu and the real disease detective work conducted by public and animal health experts when outbreaks of infectious diseases occur. Site includes educational activities for classroom use.

Influenza and Zoonoses Education among Youth in Agriculture   To improve influenza education and communication efforts around youth in agriculture, several government and non-governmental organizations partnered to launch a pilot program called Influenza Education among Youth in Agriculture. This program provides hands-on activities for youth, zoonotic disease curricula and lesson plans, educational workshops, biosecurity and handwashing posters, and also holds meetings to foster relationships, build networks, and achieve project goals to protect human and animal health. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

AFDO-Managed Retail Program Standards Grant Program  The program provides funds for the completion of projects and training to enhance conformance with the Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program Standards (Retail Program Standards). (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Current Research Information System  CRIS is the USDA's documentation and reporting system for ongoing and recently completed research and education projects in agriculture, food and nutrition, and forestry. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA))

Ecology of Infectious Diseases - National Science Foundation  The Ecology of Infectious Diseases program solicitation supports the development of predictive models and the discovery of principles governing the transmission dynamics of infectious disease agents.

Morris Animal Foundation  Large nonprofit foundation 501(c)(3) dedicated to funding research studies to protect, treat and cure animals, including companion animals (dogs, cats, horses, llamas/alpacas), as well as wildlife (mountain gorillas, elephants, rhinoceros, wolves, and many varieties of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish).

Advancing the One Health Concept through Collaborations that Connect, Create, and Educate  Archived webinar from November 2016 provided an overview of One Health, discussed the critical need for and process of connecting the many passionate stakeholders around the world, and shared an update on efforts across the U.S. and beyond to make One Health ways of thinking the ‘default way of doing business.' (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases (CRWAD)  The purpose of CRWAD is to discuss and disseminate the most current research advances in animal diseases.

Food Safety Podcast  A podcast for food safety professionals hosted by the Food Safety Magazine editorial team. Each episode will feature a conversation with a food safety professional sharing their experiences and insights of the important job of safeguarding the world's food supply.

Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls  One-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, and related health threats at the animal-human-ecosystem interface. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)