Public Health Resources

Veterinary Public Health

           

Mar-13-2019

Feb-22-2019

Foodborne Illness Outbreaks at Retail Establishments — National Environmental Assessment Reporting System, 16 State and Local Health Departments, 2014–2016   - During 2014–2016, a total of 16 state and local public health departments reported data to the National Environmental Assessment Reporting System (NEARS) on 404 foodborne illness outbreaks at retail establishments. The majority of outbreaks with a suspected or confirmed agent were caused by norovirus (61.1%). The majority of outbreaks with identified contributing factors had at least one factor associated with food contamination by a worker who was ill or infectious (58.6%). (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Jan-10-2019

Outbreak of E. coli Infections Linked to Romaine Lettuce: Final Update   - CDC, public health and regulatory officials in several states, Canada, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigated a multistate outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) infections linked to romaine lettuce from the Central Coastal growing regions in northern and central California. This outbreak appears to be over. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Dec-21-2018

Dec-17-2018

Foodborne Illness Outbreak Response Community of Practice   - NACCHO is launching a new Foodborne Illness Outbreak Response Community of Practice (CoP), bringing together food safety professionals from across the country to share tips and best practices across jurisdictions. To join the CoP and find out about the first call, email Amy Chang at achang@naccho.org. (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))

Dec-07-2018

Nov-30-2018

Nov-27-2018

Notice of Request for a New Information Collection: Stakeholder Input on Federal Outreach To Control Listeria Monocytogenes at Retail   - The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is announcing its intention to collect information from stakeholders from industry, State and public health and agriculture departments with responsibilities for retail food safety, local health departments, and grocers to gather information on FSIS outreach efforts related to retail best practices to control Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) in retail delicatessens. (Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA)

Nov-27-2018

Nov-21-2018

Notes from the Field: Multiple Modes of Transmission During a Thanksgiving Day Norovirus Outbreak — Tennessee, 2017   - On November 28, 2017, the manager of restaurant A in Tennessee reported receiving 18 complaints from patrons with gastrointestinal illness who had dined there on Thanksgiving Day, November 23, 2017. Tennessee Department of Health officials conducted an investigation to confirm the outbreak, assess exposures, and recommend measures to prevent continued spread. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Nov-20-2018

Nov-09-2018

Foodborne illness source attribution estimates for 2016 for Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter using multi-year outbreak surveillance data,United States (November 2018)   - The Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration (IFSAC), a collaboration between the USDA, FDA, and CDC, developed a method to estimate the sources of foodborne illness using outbreak data from 1998 through the most recent year for four priority pathogens: Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Oct-29-2018

One Health Day - November 3rd   - A global campaign that celebrates and brings attention to the need for a One Health approach to address shared health threats at the human-animal-environment interface. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Oct-26-2018

Oct-12-2018

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, 2016: Annual Report (2018)   - In 2016, 839 foodborne disease outbreaks were reported, resulting in 14,259 illnesses, 875 hospitalizations, 17 deaths, and 18 food product recalls. Norovirus was the most common cause of confirmed, single-etiology outbreaks, accounting for 145 (36%) outbreaks and 3,794 (42%) illnesses. Salmonella was the next most common cause, accounting for 132 (33%) outbreaks and 3,047 (33%) illnesses, followed by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, which caused 25 (6%) confirmed, single-etiology outbreaks and 366 (4%) illnesses. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Oct-03-2018

Sep-27-2018

Sep-26-2018

USDA Outlines Next Steps for Advancing Animal Disease Traceability   - The USDA just announced four overarching goals for advancing animal disease traceability to protect the long-term health, marketability and economic viability of the U.S. livestock industry: advance electronic data sharing between federal and state animal health officials, veterinarians, and industry: use electronic ID tags for animals for better data transmission; enhance tracking of animals from birth to slaughter; and work towards a system where health certificates are transmitted electronically from veterinarians to state health officials. (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service)

Sep-25-2018

Sep-17-2018

Sep-14-2018

Sep-04-2018

E coli cases prompt ground chuck recall from Publix stores   - An investigation into Escherichia coli O26 illnesses, mostly in Florida, has prompted the Publix supermarket chain to voluntarily recall ground chuck shipped to stores in two dozen Florida counties, the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced last week. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Aug-15-2018

Jul-26-2018

Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say NIH officials   - The incidence of tickborne infections in the United States has risen significantly within the past decade. It is imperative, therefore, that public health officials and scientists build a robust understanding of pathogenesis, design improved diagnostics, and develop preventive vaccines, according to a new commentary in the NEJM. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Jul-26-2018

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks - United States, 2009-2015   - During 2009-2015, the Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) received reports of 5,760 outbreaks that resulted in 100,939 illnesses, 5,699 hospitalizations, and 145 deaths. Among 2,953 outbreaks with a single confirmed etiology, norovirus was the most common cause of outbreaks [38%] and outbreak-associated illnesses [41%], followed by Salmonella. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Jun-14-2018

Jun-04-2018

National Parks Service Disease Prevention and Response Branch   - The Disease Prevention and Response (Epidemiology) Branch within the National Park Service Office of Public Health works to prevent, detect, and respond to disease transmission within the National Parks. They work from a One Health perspective, recognizing that the health of people, animals, and the environment are all related. (National Park Service)

Disaster Preparedness for Veterinarians   - Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams (VMAT) serve as first responders to ensure high-quality care of animals during disasters and emergencies. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Food Defense and Emergency Response   - Resources to help reduce the risk of tampering or other malicious, criminal, or terrorist actions on the food and cosmetic supply. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT)   - The National Veterinary Response Team (NVRT) provides assistance in identifying the need for veterinary services following major disasters, emergencies, public health or other events requiring Federal support and in assessing the extent of disruption to animal and public health infrastructures. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), HHS)

State Animal & Agriculture Response Teams (SART)   - Interagency state organizations dedicated to preparing, planning, responding and recovering during animal emergencies in the United States. SART is a public private partnership, joining government agencies with the private concerns around the common goal of animal issues during disasters.

ProMED-mail   - The Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases (ProMED) is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases. It has several moderators for animal diseases and zoonoses and uses electronic communications to provide up-to-date news on disease outbreaks around the world. (International Society for Infectious Diseases)

National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System for Enteric Bacteria (NARMS)   - NARMS is a collaboration among Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (Center for Veterinary Medicine) and U.S. Department of Agriculture (Food Safety and Inspection Service and Agricultural Research Services) within the framework of FoodNet and CDC's Emerging Infections Program's Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity Program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Residue Program (Residue Chemistry)   - FSIS conducts tests for chemicals-including antibiotics, sulfonamides, and various other drugs, pesticides and environmental chemicals-in meat, poultry and egg products destined for human consumption. This site links to the sampling plan, the testing results and information on the tests used, as well as a list of violators. (Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA)

AVMA Advocacy   - AVMA represents the interests of veterinarians on federal legislative and regulatory issues that influence animal health, public health and the veterinary profession. This sites provides summaries of selected AVMA policies, state veterinary medical associations, AVMA federal and state government relations contacts, comprehensive issue papers, and tools for effective advocacy efforts. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

Animal Legal and Historical Center Web Site   - Site provides a web library of legal and policy materials as relates to animals, expert explanation of the materials for both the lawyer and the non-lawyer, and an historical perspective about social and legal attitudes toward animals. (Michigan State University (MSU))

Food Safety Legislation 2018   - Page highlights state-level legislation passed in 2018 on food safety. (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL))

    • + Animal Health and Zoonotic Diseases
      • Animal Health
      • CONSULTANT CONSULTANT is a veterinary diagnostic support system used to suggest possible causes for clinical signs and symptoms. It provides a brief synopsis of the cause including a general description, species affected, associated signs/symptoms, and literature references.
      • Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) CAPC, an independent industry-sponsored council established to create guidelines for the optimal control of internal and external parasites that threaten the health of pets and people. Brings together broad expertise in parasitology, internal medicine, public health, veterinary law, private practice and association leadership and provides consumer and practitioner information on separate websites. Some Spanish materials.
      • HealthMap Global disease alert map that brings together disparate data sources for a comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health. Data is aggregated by disease and displayed by location with links to disease alerts.
      • HealthMap PREDICT A global early warning system to detect and reduce the impacts of emerging diseases that move between wildlife and people (zoonotic diseases).
      • Healthy Pets Healthy People Information about diseases people can catch from pets, farm animals, and wildlife.
      • Notifiable Diseases in Animals Information about animal disease outbreaks and the measures to control them in the UK.
      • Overview of Zoonoses - The Merck Veterinary Manual Edited by Susan E. Aiello, B.S., D.V.M., E.L.S. and published by Merck & Co., Inc. NJ, USA, the Manual is a free online browseable and searchable reference that describes many zoonotic diseases and provides a quick reference table of more than 200 Global Zoonoses with distribution, probable means of transmission and clinical manifestations in humans.
      • Pan American Center for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PANAFTOSA) - Pan American Health Organization (Brazil) PANAFTOSA houses the Virtual Library in Veterinary Public Health (http://bvs.panaftosa.org.br/index.php?lang=en) and several information systems: the Epidemiological Information System SIEPI, the Epidemiological Surveillance System for Rabies in the Americas SIRVERA, and the Continental Epidemiological Surveillance System SIVCONT (production and training). It also offers events, which are routinely announced via the PANAFTOSA Regional Events Directory.
      • Technical Factsheets Factsheets on animal-borne diseases, zoonoses, vectors, and toxins to animals.
      • Vector-Borne Disease Control NACCHO works to increase the capacity of local health departments to address environmental health issues including vector control, integrated pest management, and infectious diseases related to rodents and other emerging vectors.
      • Zoonoses: Information Resources Factsheets on diseases or infections which are naturally transmissible from vertebrate animals to humans.
      • Zoonotic Diseases Information on zoonotic diseases or zoonoses, diseases caused by germs (pathogens) that can be spread between animals and humans.
    • + Food Borne Illness
      • 2015 NARMS Integrated Report (2017) Report presents information and trends on Salmonella, Campylobacter, E.coli and Enterococcus in the food animal supply.
      • 2016 Food Safety Survey Report Results of a survey of U.S. adults on foodborne illness, germs, and proper food preparation.
      • Annual Summaries of Foodborne Outbreaks Annual summaries of domestic foodborne disease outbreaks based on reports provided by state, local, and territorial health departments. These summaries help public health practitioners better understand the pathogens, foods, settings, and contributing factors involved in these outbreaks.
      • Antibiotic Resistance and Food Safety Website provides an overview of antibiotic resistance, its link to food safety, and how to protect people from foodborne illness.
      • Atlas of Salmonella in the United States The Atlas of Salmonella in the United States, 1968-2011, summarizes 42 years of laboratory-confirmed surveillance data on Salmonella isolates from humans.
      • CDC Food Safety Provides information on foodborne illness, outbreaks, and investigations.
      • CFSAN Adverse Event Reporting System (CAERS) A database that contains information on adverse event and product complaint reports submitted to FDA for foods, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
      • CIFOR Guidelines for Foodborne Illness Complaint Systems Guidelines on the use of foodborne illness complaint systems to detect foodborne disease outbreaks for use by public health entities involved in consumer complaint-based surveillance, response, and investigation.
      • FDA Food Code A model that assists food control jurisdictions at all levels of government by providing them with a scientifically sound technical and legal basis for regulating the retail and food service segment of the industry (restaurants and grocery stores and institutions such as nursing homes)
      • Food Chain Crisis Management Framework FCC-EMPRES for animal health, plant protection and food safety contain the main technical capacities of FAO to address transboundary animal and plant and pests and diseases, including aquatic and forest pests and diseases, food safety and radiation threats, and to support countries in the fight against these threats.
      • Food Defense & Emergency Response - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS) Guidance materials on developing a food defense plan and training materials and podcasts for for front-line employees in the food and agriculture industry.
      • Food Safety - World Health Organization The WHO department of Food Safety and Zoonoses (FOS) provides leadership in global efforts to lower the burden of diseases, thereby strengthening the health security and ensuring sustainable development of Member States.
      • Food Safety Education Month September is National Food Safety Education Month. It provides an opportunity to raise awareness about steps you can take to prevent food poisoning.
      • Food safety in the EU Presents the European Union integrated approach to food safety, animal health, animal welfare and plant health through coherent farm-to-table measures and adequate monitoring.
      • FoodNet Fast An interactive tool to display data on graphs, maps, and tables for select pathogens transmitted commonly through food. Users can create custom searches and download data from the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), which covers about 15% of the United States population.
      • Foodsafety.gov Web portal provides information on recalls, how to keep food safe, food poisoning, vulnerable populations, and reporting issues with food items.
      • Guidelines for Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response This CIFOR toolkit allows state and local health departments to conduct self-assessments of their outbreak detection, and to implement appropriate recommendations. (Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response)
      • National Agricultural Biosecurity Center - Kansas State University National Agricultural Biosecurity Center aims to develop, coordinate, implement, and leverage a broad range of programs and capabilities to address diverse threats to the U.S. and world agricultural economies and food supply.
      • National Environmental Assessment Reporting System (NEARS) NEARS is a national effort to systematically collect, analyze, interpret, and disseminate environmental data from foodborne illness outbreak investigations.
      • PulseNet PulseNet compares the DNA fingerprints of bacteria from patients to find clusters of disease that might represent unrecognized food or water disease outbreaks.
      • The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak Graphic Novel CDC has partnered with the USDA and 4-H to develop "The Junior Disease Detectives: Operation Outbreak," a graphic novel intended to educate youth audiences about variant flu and the real disease detective work conducted by public and animal health experts when outbreaks of infectious diseases occur. Site includes educational activities for classroom use.
    • + Continuing Education
      • APHIS Professional Development Training Professional development programs and upcoming events from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), USDA.
      • AgriSafe Training Training and resources on current research and activities in agricultural safety and health.
      • Certified Foodborne Outbreak Investigator (CFOI) Credential The CFOI will prepare you to utilize environmental health principles and food safety knowledge in collaboration with outbreak response partners to assess foodborne illness risks, perform environmental assessments, identify contributing factors and antecedents, and implement control measures to prevent the spread of foodborne illness and protect the public.
      • Entry Training for the Public Health Veterinarian - Food Safety & Inspection Service (FSIS)
      • Environmental Assessment Just-In-Time Training This training is targeted to environmental health professionals conducting environmental assessments for foodborne disease outbreak investigations. This just-in-time model provides a succinct, "on-the-go" training for environmental health professionals to refresh their skills on a variety of processes critical to conducting an environmental assessment.
      • Environmental Assessment Training Series (EATS) The skills needed to investigate outbreaks of foodborne illness are different from those needed to inspect restaurants, and the role of environmental health staff is critical. EATS addresses the role of environmental assessments within the broader context of outbreak investigations and the food safety system.
      • Foodborne Outbreak Investigations and Team Development Online Trainings Free, online, and self-paced training courses focused on foodborne outbreak investigations.
      • NACCHO Retail Program Standards Mentorship Program Funded through a five-year cooperative agreement between NACCHO and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), this program connects retail food regulatory program practitioners who are experienced in applying the Retail Program Standards with those who are newly enrolled and looking for assistance, resources, and recommendations for achieving a specific standard. Eligible participants include food regulatory programs operating at the state, local, tribal, and territorial level.
      • Navigating a Foodborne Outbreak: Preparation for Interprofessional Practice A free, self-paced, interactive learning module that demonstrates the importance of interprofessional practice among health professionals to improve and protect population health, in the context of a foodborne outbreak.
      • Vector Control for Environmental Health Professionals (VCEHP) VCEHP is an online learning series that contains 11 online courses and emphasizes the use of integrated pest management (IPM) to address public health pests and vectors that spread diseases, including Zika virus and others.
      • Veterinary Food Safety Education Learning Object Repository The University of Wisconsin partnered with the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) to provide this repository of food safety-related learning objects. Includes access to UTMB's Clinical Laboratory Science learning objects. Free registration required. This project is sponsored in part by the US Department of Agriculture, Higher Education Challenge Grant.

Influenza and Zoonoses Education among Youth in Agriculture   - To improve influenza education and communication efforts around youth in agriculture, several government and non-governmental organizations partnered to launch a pilot program called Influenza Education among Youth in Agriculture. This program provides hands-on activities for youth, zoonotic disease curricula and lesson plans, educational workshops, biosecurity and handwashing posters, and also holds meetings to foster relationships, build networks, and achieve project goals to protect human and animal health. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

AFDO-Managed Retail Program Standards Grant Program   - The program provides funds for the completion of projects and training to enhance conformance with the Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program Standards (Retail Program Standards). (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Current Research Information System   - CRIS is the USDA's documentation and reporting system for ongoing and recently completed research and education projects in agriculture, food and nutrition, and forestry. (U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA))

Development, Implementation, and Management of a Funding System to support the Grade “A” Milk Safety Program and National Shellfish Sanitation Program (U18)   - Funding for the development, implementation, and management of a funding system in which State, Tribal, and Territorial Grade “A” Milk Safety and National Shellfish Sanitation regulatory programs can apply and be subawarded funds to support technical training and equipment purchases, and to improve the implementation of the Grade "A" Milk Safety Program and the National Shellfish Sanitation Program (NSSP). (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID)   - The Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (EEID) program solicitation supports the development of predictive models and the discovery of principles governing the transmission dynamics of infectious disease agents.

Morris Animal Foundation   - Large nonprofit foundation 501(c)(3) dedicated to funding research studies to protect, treat and cure animals, including companion animals (dogs, cats, horses, llamas/alpacas), as well as wildlife (mountain gorillas, elephants, rhinoceros, wolves, and many varieties of birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish).

NARMS Cooperative Agreement Program to Enhance and Strengthen Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance in Retail Food Specimens (U01)   - Funding to protect and promote public health by enhancing, strengthening and sustaining antibiotic resistance surveillance in retail food specimens within the NARMS program. The NARMS cooperative agreements will improve the detection of antibiotic resistance among enteric bacteria in food commodities, as well as potentially develop new sites as part of the program. Measurable outcomes of the program will be in alignment with the NARMS Objectives. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Advancing the One Health Concept through Collaborations that Connect, Create, and Educate   - Archived webinar from November 2016 provided an overview of One Health, discussed the critical need for and process of connecting the many passionate stakeholders around the world, and shared an update on efforts across the U.S. and beyond to make One Health ways of thinking the ‘default way of doing business.' (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Food Safety Podcast   - A podcast for food safety professionals hosted by the <I>Food Safety Magazine</I> editorial team. Each episode will feature a conversation with a food safety professional sharing their experiences and insights of the important job of safeguarding the world's food supply.

Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls   - One-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, and related health threats at the animal-human-ecosystem interface. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)