Current News

2020 November

Commonly used antibiotic shows promise for combating Zika infections - 25-Nov-2020
NIH preclinical study suggests FDA-approved tetracycline-based antibiotics may slow infection and reduce neurological problems. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

10 Years of Data Show Dental Therapists Boost Productivity and Revenues - 25-Nov-2020
In Minnesota clinics, adding these midlevel practitioners benefited patients and providers (Pew Charitable Trusts)

US sees rise in COVID hospital cases, deaths, community spread - 25-Nov-2020
With no let-up in the nation's COVID-19 surge, hospitalizations climbed to record levels, with daily death totals increasing as well. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Europe weighs COVID-19 steps as global total tops 59 million - 25-Nov-2020
As some European countries see some promising signs that their latest lockdowns are slowing the pace of COVID-19, the progress raises new questions about how to unwind the measures in a way that prevents a third wave of infections at the start of the new year. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

The impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on public transit demand in the United States - 25-Nov-2020
The COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions led to major transit demand decline for many public transit systems in the United States.

Visibility, agility key to stop drug shortages in pandemic, report says - 25-Nov-2020
The number of pharmaceutical suppliers who are able to deliver at least 80% of their products on time and in full (OTIF) dropped 16 percentage points from last year, according to a new white paper on the drug supply chain. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

50.6 Million U.S. Adults Currently Use Tobacco Products - 25-Nov-2020
Findings from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report show that approximately 1 in 5 U.S. adults reported currently using a tobacco product in 2019, with about 80% of those adults reporting that they use combustible products such as cigarettes. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

CDC Expands U.S. Diabetes Surveillance System with new Social Determinants of Health Module - 25-Nov-2020
The Centers for Disease and Control and Prevention (CDC) has expanded the U.S. Diabetes Surveillance System with a new social determinants of health (SDOH) module to help identify under-resourced areas of the United States and assess the potential impact of health disparities on diabetes burden and risk factors. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

New SAMHSA app will help people who have serious mental illness to develop a crisis plan - 25-Nov-2020
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) released a new mobile app, My Mental Health Crisis Plan, which allows individuals who have serious mental illness (SMI) to create a plan to guide their treatment during a mental health crisis. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

COVID-19 And Public Health–Looking Back, Moving Forward - 25-Nov-2020
The January/February issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice focuses on the Public Health Workforce, and is accompanied by a special supplement on COVID-19, sponsored by the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), Big Cities Health Coalition, and the de Beaumont Foundation. “COVID-19 and Public Health: Looking Back, Moving Forward,” a supplemental issue publishes with the January issue. (Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)

SOPHE’s Health Promotion Practice journal publishes a special collection - 24-Nov-2020
The Society for Public Health Education‘s (SOPHE) peer-reviewed journal, Health Promotion Practice, announces a new collection of papers focused on lessons learned from health promotion in indigenous communities in the United States and Canada. The eight papers in the collection are available for free download from November 15 – 30, 2020. (Society for Public Health Education)

New report examines benefits, costs of region-wide effort to reduce emissions from cars and trucks - 24-Nov-2020
A report released today by the Center for State Policy Analysis (cSPA) at Tufts University’s Tisch College describes the potential impact of the Transportation Climate Initiative (TCI) — a proposal to curb emissions from gasoline and diesel fuel — in Massachusetts and other Northeastern states. (Tufts University)

UNAIDS joins partners to call for better testing, treatment and prevention of HIV and TB among children - 24-Nov-2020
UNAIDS is joining with partners to call for accelerated access to better tools to prevent, diagnose and treat HIV in children and tuberculosis (TB) in children living with HIV with a joint statement announcing the launch of the Rome Action Plan 2020. (United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS))

Improving the Design of Clinical Trials of Drugs to Treat Schizophrenia - 24-Nov-2020
Based on their analyses of schizophrenia drug trials submitted by drug developers, CDER researchers have identified ways in which these trials could be streamlined while not compromising their sensitivity. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Southern West Virginia Blends In-Person and Virtual Activities for Move Your Way Community Campaign - 23-Nov-2020
Due to COVID-19, pilot communities are adapting their campaigns to help people stay safe while they get active. This series highlights local events and initiatives from the community pilot program — including creative ways to promote physical activity during social distancing. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)

Climate policy is health policy: A powerful online modeling tool - 23-Nov-2020
The vast majority of the pollution that damages human health is produced by burning fossil fuels to power our homes, cars and businesses. But it doesn’t have to be this way. The newest version of the Energy Policy Simulator, or EPS, finds a set of clean energy policies that achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 would save more than 45,000 lives while preventing 1.3 million asthma attacks, more than 25,000 hospital admissions, and almost 4.5 million lost workdays every year by 2050. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

Public Health Thank You Day - 23-Nov-2020
On the Monday before Thanksgiving, APHA, Research!America and leading public health organizations take time to recognize public health professionals who work tirelessly every day to protect the health of all people and all communities. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

New NIH BRAIN Initiative awards move toward solving brain disorders - 23-Nov-2020
Researchers using recently developed tools to gain new insights into brain function. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Trends in County-Level COVID-19 Incidence in Counties With and Without a Mask Mandate — Kansas, June 1–August 23, 2020 - 23-Nov-2020
Countywide mask mandates appear to have contributed to the mitigation of COVID-19 transmission in mandated counties. Community-level mitigation strategies emphasizing use of masks, physical distancing, staying at home when ill, and enhanced hygiene practices can help reduce the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

FDA Releases New Outbreak Investigation Table - 23-Nov-2020
A new tool to communicate foodborne illness outbreak information frequently and as soon as the FDA begins an outbreak investigation – prior to a public health advisory or recall of a certain food product being issued. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

New global group will lead fight against antimicrobial resistance - 23-Nov-2020
The heads of the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today announced the creation of a new group to advocate for urgent global action on antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

COVID-19 most contagious in first 5 days of illness, study finds - 23-Nov-2020
A study published in The Lancet Microbe shows that COVID-19 is most contagious in the first 5 days after symptom onset, underscoring the importance of early case identification and quarantine.

States Are Getting Ready to Distribute COVID-19 Vaccines. What Do Their Plans Tell Us So Far? - 23-Nov-2020
An examination of the varying plans for COVID-19 vaccine distribution by state. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

California Law Banning Toxic Chemicals in Cosmetics Will Transform Industry - 23-Nov-2020
This will mark the first major action to remove toxic substances from beauty products in almost a century. Federal regulation of cosmetics has not been updated meaningfully since 1938, and only 11 ingredients in personal care products are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. By contrast, the European Union bans more than 1,600 cosmetic substances and ingredients from cosmetics. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Using wastewater to monitor COVID-19 - 23-Nov-2020
Wastewater monitoring has the advantage of being cost-effective, of capturing COVID-19 rates among patients with limited access to health care or health insurance, and results can be viewed in near real time.

Hungry at Thanksgiving: A Fall 2020 update on food insecurity in the U.S. - 23-Nov-2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has shaped 2020 into a year characterized by public health and economic crises in the United States, destabilizing millions of families. One of the most striking and consistent indicators of ongoing hardship is an elevated level of food insecurity in American households. (Brookings Institution)

JGIM Supplement: The Importance of Implementation Science to Quality Improvement - 19-Nov-2020
This supplemental issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine (JGIM) on implementation science (IS) and quality improvement (QI) marks the formal addition of IS/QI as an area of emphasis for JGIM. This is important because research without action seems incomplete

How Innovative Community Responses to COVID-19 Support Healthy Aging - 19-Nov-2020
Faced with the COVID-19 crisis, communities in Massachusetts have come together in inspiring ways to assess emerging needs, provide credible information, expand access to services, and provide opportunities for older adults and caregivers to connect with each other and with their neighbors.

AMA urges multifaceted approach to address social determinants of health - 19-Nov-2020
The new policies build on the AMA’s pursuit of greater health equity by identifying and eliminating inequities through advocacy, community leadership and education. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Addressing Social Determinants of Health at the Pharmacy - 19-Nov-2020
A pilot program by CVS Health is using pharmacists and data to help close health-related lifestyle gaps for patients.

Food, housing insecurities may delay breast cancer diagnosis - 19-Nov-2020
Women who experience food or housing insecurity may be at risk for undiagnosed breast cancer due to lapses in follow-up appointments

Evaluating Telehealth Adoption and Related Barriers Among Hospitals Located in Rural and Urban Areas - 19-Nov-2020
Research showed substantial differences in telehealth adoption among hospitals located in rural, micropolitan, and metropolitan areas, where adoption rates increase with urbanicity. Rural hospitals were least likely to have telehealth systems with patient engagement capabilities such as the ability to view their health information online and electronically transmit medical information to a third party.

Health systems support needed to prevent COVID-19 outbreaks in nursing homes - 19-Nov-2020
Relationships between nursing homes and health systems are not only crucial in times of crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, but are also beneficial in addressing other challenges regularly faced by nursing homes, such as transitions of care.

Interoperability: an untapped tool in America’s fight against Covid-19 - 19-Nov-2020
As the coronavirus pandemic collides with flu season, barriers to accessing medical information could undermine not only individual patient care but public health.

PCORnet® Experts Join NAM And PCORI To Improve Data Sharing - 18-Nov-2020
Leaders affiliated with PCORnet®, the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network, joined other experts convened by the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) to identify barriers and propose actions to improve health data sharing. (National Academy of Medicine)

NIH to fund research of racial disparities in pregnancy-related complications and deaths - 18-Nov-2020
Studies to focus on women from racial and ethnic minority groups, women with underprivileged socioeconomic status, and those living in underserved rural settings. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Rising hunger, ‘an outrage in a world of plenty’: Guterres - 18-Nov-2020
“Hunger is an outrage in a world of plenty”, the UN chief told the governing body of the Organization’s food agency on Monday, highlighting the important role of food security in cementing peace. (United Nations (UN))

WHO rolls out plan to rid world of cervical cancer, saving millions of lives - 18-Nov-2020
The World Health Organization (WHO) set out a strategy on Tuesday for eliminating cervical cancer, which would avoid the death of an estimated five million women and girls from the disease, by 2050. (United Nations (UN))

Reimagining the global economy: Building back better in a post-COVID-19 world - 18-Nov-2020
In this collection of 12 essays, leading scholars affiliated with the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings present new ideas that are forward-looking, policy-focused, and that will guide policies and shape debates in a post-COVID-19 world. (Brookings Institution)

US vets with COVID-related kidney injury at 6.7 times risk of death - 18-Nov-2020
Acute kidney injury (AKI) and its attendant almost-seven-times-higher risk of death is common in US veterans hospitalized with COVID-19—especially black patients, an observational study published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology suggests.

Pandemic tops 54 million cases, overwhelms health workers - 18-Nov-2020
Surges in COVID-19 activity, primarily in Europe and the Americas, are pushing health workers and health systems to their breaking points, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) warned today, as he urged governments to do more to reduce the pressure. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Arthritis Help for Veterans - 18-Nov-2020
Veterans can learn effective, drug-free ways to ease arthritis pain and improve their quality of life with physical activity programs and self-management education workshops. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Be Antibiotics Aware: Smart Use, Best Care - 18-Nov-2020
Be Antibiotics Aware is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) national educational effort to help improve antibiotic prescribing and use and combat antibiotic resistance. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Comprehensive Disaster Assessment And Readiness Tools (CDART) - 18-Nov-2020
The Comprehensive Disaster Assessment and Readiness Toolkit (CDART) is a suite of scenario-driven app-based surveys and tools that help standardize how to evaluate if public health and healthcare facilities are prepared for an emergency. (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), CDC, HHS)

World COPD Day - November 18th - 18-Nov-2020
The 19th annual World COPD Day takes place on November 18, 2020 and has the goal of raising awareness and presenting new knowledge about this disease. This year’s theme for World COPD Day is “Living Well With COPD – Everybody, Everywhere.”

Commonwealth Fund Task Force on Payment and Delivery System Reform - 17-Nov-2020
Meaningful improvements to how health care is organized, paid for, and delivered are not only needed but possible. The Commonwealth Fund’s 18-member Task Force on Payment and Delivery System Reform harnessed their real-world experience and the best available evidence to recommend ways to improve quality, advance equity, and increase affordability of health care in the U.S. (Commonwealth Fund)

Tackling the legacy of persistent urban inequality and concentrated poverty - 17-Nov-2020
Over the past several years, the research literature pointing to the relationship between racial segregation, enduring concentrated poverty, and long-term socioeconomic inequalities in the United States has been rapidly growing. (Brookings Institution)

New Research Examines Local Government Cross-Sector Collaborations To Address Public Health Challenges - 17-Nov-2020
The report explores how local government agencies are collaborating to help address today's greatest public health challenges. The report delivers detailed information and promising practices for government and public health officials to consider when it comes to cross-sector collaborations to improve population health.

Covid-19 brings healthcare inequities into focus - 17-Nov-2020
The Covid-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected some communities more than others. With a renewed focus on inequities, health leaders see an opportunity to drive change to reduce racial disparities in healthcare.

Early Life Risk Factors Predict Higher Obesity And Cardiometabolic Risk - 17-Nov-2020
Early life risk factors in the first 1000 days cumulatively predict higher obesity and cardiometabolic risk in early adolescence, according to new research led by the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute.

2020 March Of Dimes Report Card - 16-Nov-2020
This year’s Report Card offers a comprehensive overview of the health of moms and babies across the U.S. The report grades the U.S., states, Puerto Rico and 100 cities on preterm birth rates, and includes other information such as infant death, states’ efforts on Medicaid expansion and extension, health insurance status, inadequate prenatal care, among other factors and outlines important policy solutions that can make a difference. (March of Dimes)

Long-Term Care Workers, Grieving and Under Siege, Brace for COVID’s Next Round - 16-Nov-2020
Many of these workers struggle with grief over the suffering they’ve witnessed, both at work and in their communities. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

AHA president: Multidisciplinary collaboration essential to tackling today’s issues - 16-Nov-2020
Collaboration across disciplines and bridging connections between science and practice is imperative if today’s challenges — from COVID-19 to racial disparities — are to be resolved, according to the American Heart Association’s president. (American Heart Association)

Accelerating Science to Advance Early Interventions for Schizophrenia - 16-Nov-2020
NIMH-funded research has focused on understanding how schizophrenia emerges in teenagers and young adults. (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH)

Reducing Racial, Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Prevalence Requires a Multifaceted Approach - 16-Nov-2020
Lowering the higher rates of diabetes seen among racial and ethnic minorities requires solutions to address all of the major factors that contribute to diabetes prevalence.

2020-2025 Federal Health IT Strategic Plan is Now Available - 16-Nov-2020
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the final 2020-2025 Federal Health IT Strategic Plan (the Plan). The Plan demonstrates the federal government’s ongoing, coordinated focus on improving the access, exchange, and use of electronic health information.

Homeless Shelters Grapple With COVID Safety as Cold Creeps In - 16-Nov-2020
This year, the coronavirus has forced homeless shelters to limit the number of beds they can offer. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Text Illness Monitoring (TIM) - 13-Nov-2020
Text Illness Monitoring, or TIM, is a text messaging system that helps public health organizations monitor symptoms of enrolled participants. Public health organizations can use this system at no cost to monitor symptoms consistent with COVID-19. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

The Diabetes Advocacy Alliance and Healthy People: Putting Diabetes on the National Agenda - 13-Nov-2020
This post is part of Healthy People in Action, a blog series highlighting how key partners use the Healthy People framework in their work, form cross-sector collaborations, and address social determinants of health to help achieve health equity. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)

Treatments for people with early COVID-19 infection is an urgent research focus - 13-Nov-2020
Effective, early interventions would benefit individual patients and healthcare system. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Pollution and pandemics: A dangerous mix - 13-Nov-2020
Pollution may bear part of the blame for the rapid proliferation in the United States of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the spread of COVID-19, according to new research.

Home-Visiting Program Shows Promise of Reducing Risk of Obesity Among Native American Children - 13-Nov-2020
Lessons on healthy feeding practices delivered to young mothers through a brief home-visiting intervention put Native American infants on a healthier growth trajectory, lowering their risks for obesity, according to a study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health at the Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Toolkit for Providing HIV Prevention Services to Transgender Women of Color - 13-Nov-2020
The Toolkit for Providing HIV Prevention Services to Transgender Women of Color is a technical assistance guide that community-based organizations (CBOs) and similar organizations can use to support their HIV prevention services for transgender women of color (WOC). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Rebuilding a More Equitable Housing System Post-COVID - 13-Nov-2020
Well before COVID-19 hit, an increasing share of American households faced housing challenges. Last year, 18.2 million American households (renters and homeowners alike) were considered severely burdened, paying more than half their incomes for housing (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

Measles cases hit 23-year high last year, killing 200,000 as vaccination stalls, WHO says - 13-Nov-2020
Measles killed an estimated 207,500 people last year after a decade-long failure to reach optimal vaccination coverage, resulting in the highest number of cases for 23 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) and US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said in a joint report.

HIV Testing Services Dashboard - 13-Nov-2020
The interactive dashboard gives users a wide range of information on HIV testing from countries worldwide on, for example, HIV prevalence, the number of people testing positive for HIV and the number of people testing for HIV for the first time or repeating a test. Data are given in charts and tables and are differentiated by age, sex and other characteristics. (United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS))

Protect Your Family From Fraudulent Flu Products - 13-Nov-2020
The fall and winter flu season may bring out dishonest sellers hawking fraudulent products to unsuspecting consumers, who are already concerned about protecting themselves from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and other infectious diseases. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Federal Medicaid Outlays During the COVID-19 Pandemic - 12-Nov-2020
This data note analyzes federal Medicaid outlays in federal fiscal year 2020, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

PHAB’S Data Portal: A Platform For Exploring Health Department Performance Data - 12-Nov-2020
The Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) Data Portal allows users to explore a unique set of data on health department capacity to deliver the 10 Essential Public Health Services. Data are available for health departments that apply for accreditation and are based on peer assessments of conformity with the PHAB Standards & Measures. (Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB))

CDC Investigation Notice: CDC investigating outbreak of E. coli infections - 12-Nov-2020
A CDC Investigation Notice regarding a multistate outbreak of E. coli 0157:H7 infections has been posted. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Radiation in Medicine: Medical Imaging Procedures - 12-Nov-2020
Medical imaging tests are non-invasive procedures that allow doctors to diagnose diseases and injuries without being intrusive. Some of these tests involve exposure to ionizing radiation, which can present risks to patients. However, if patients understand the benefits and risks, they can make the best decisions about choosing a particular medical imaging procedure (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Europe's deaths spike in wake of second COVID-19 surge - 12-Nov-2020
With much of Europe well into its second spike in COVID-19 activity, death rates in some countries are on the rise, reaching levels seen in the pandemic's first peak.

Half of recovered COVID-19 patients report lingering fatigue - 12-Nov-2020
More than half of people who recover from COVID-19 still report fatigue 10 weeks later, regardless of the seriousness of their initial infection

Crowded nursing homes may fuel larger, deadlier COVID outbreaks - 12-Nov-2020
The COVID-19 death rate in less-crowded nursing homes in Ontario, Canada, was less than half that of homes with shared bedrooms and bathrooms during the first months of the pandemic

Global COVID-19 total tops 51 million as US hospital cases rise - 12-Nov-2020
The pandemic total topped 51 million cases, hospitalizations in the United States neared earlier peaks. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

New Airflow Videos Show Why Masks With Exhalation Valves Do Not Slow the Spread of COVID-19 - 10-Nov-2020
Many people wear masks in public to slow the spread of COVID-19, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, masks with exhalation valves do not slow the spread of the disease, and now, new videos from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) show why. (National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), DOC)

State Licensing Scorecards - 10-Nov-2020
A way for public health practitioners, Early Care and Education (ECE) advocates, and parents to understand how well their state’s child care licensing regulations support science-based, healthy eating and physical activity standards. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

NIH study finds long-acting injectable drug prevents HIV acquisition in cisgender women - 10-Nov-2020
Long-acting regimen more effective than daily oral pill among African women. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Hydroxychloroquine does not benefit adults hospitalized with COVID-19 - 10-Nov-2020
A National Institutes of Health clinical trial evaluating the safety and effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has formally concluded that the drug provides no clinical benefit to hospitalized patients. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Computerized Capability of Office-Based Physicians to Identify Patients Who Need Preventive or Follow-up Care — United States, 2017 - 10-Nov-2020
Preventive or follow-up care can improve health outcomes and reduce disease. Missed physician appointments hinder receipt of health care. Electronic reminders can reduce missed appointments. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Declines in SARS-CoV-2 Transmission, Hospitalizations, and Mortality After Implementation of Mitigation Measures— Delaware, March–June 2020 - 10-Nov-2020
State-mandated stay-at-home orders and public mask mandates coupled with case investigations with contact tracing contributed to an 82% reduction in COVID-19 incidence, 88% reduction in hospitalizations, and 100% reduction in mortality in Delaware during late April–June. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Characteristics of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients Discharged and Experiencing Same-Hospital Readmission — United States, March–August 2020 - 10-Nov-2020
Evidence suggests that potential health complications after COVID-19 illness might require ongoing clinical care. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Program Implementers And Researchers Partner To Develop And Test Nutrition-Sensitive Guidance For WFP Programs - 09-Nov-2020
A4NH researchers at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) recently partnered with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) to develop nutrition-sensitive guidance which is being used to design and re-design WFP programs globally.

FDA Offers Guidance to Enhance Diversity in Clinical Trials, Encourage Inclusivity in Medical Product Development - 09-Nov-2020
The U.S Food and Drug Administration issued final guidance with the agency’s recommendations on designing and executing clinical trials of drugs and biologics that include people with different demographic characteristics (e.g., sex, race, ethnicity, age, location of residency) and non-demographic characteristics (e.g., patients with organ dysfunction, comorbid conditions, and disabilities; those at weight range extremes; and populations with diseases or conditions with low prevalence). (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

New Educational Framework Identifies Key Areas for State Policymaker Attention - 09-Nov-2020
Governments and school districts across the country are determining how to effectively adapt to COVID-19 and mitigate its effects on student learning and well-being. (Council of State Governments)

Coronavirus Disease 2019 Testing Basics - 09-Nov-2020
Learn more about the different types of tests and the steps involved. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Travel during the COVID-19 Pandemic - 09-Nov-2020
Travel increases your chance of getting and spreading COVID-19. Staying home is the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Opportunities to enhance newborn screening follow-up exist and improve outcomes - 09-Nov-2020
In laboratory newborn screening programs, the primary focus is on the test itself. What happens after the test is up to the follow-up program, an essential component of the newborn screening process that ensures confirmation or rule-out of a diagnosis and that all newborns with a confirmed diagnosis are in the care of an appropriate specialist. (Association of Public Health Laboratories)

Importance of publishing by public health practitioners.

Knowledge, Skills, And Training For The COVID-19 Contact Tracer Workforce - 06-Nov-2020
To support the initial training and continuing education of the contact tracing workforce, PHF identified two to three high quality trainings that align with CDC’s 10 knowledge and skills. (Public Health Foundation (PHF))

It's National Carbon Monoxide Awareness Week! - 06-Nov-2020
As the weather gets colder and more people are using heaters, fireplaces, furnaces and other appliances that produce CO, be sure to check your CO detector.

US surpasses 100,000 COVID-19 cases in single day - 06-Nov-2020
The coronavirus pandemic in the United States is setting new records as COVID-19 cases rise rapidly across the country. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

FDA Takes Efforts to Protect Patients from Potentially Harmful Compounded Drugs Through Finalizing Insanitary Conditions Guidance - 06-Nov-2020
The FDA through its oversight of compounded drugs strives to help improve the quality of compounded drugs and reduce risk to patients. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Social Determinants of Health among Adults with Diagnosed HIV Infection, 2018 - 06-Nov-2020
Data are presented for diagnoses of HIV infection reported to CDC through December 2019. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

WHO needs reforms, while preserving 'political independence' - 06-Nov-2020
An oversight panel called on Thursday for reforms at the World Health Organization (WHO) including “predictable and flexible” funding and setting up a multi-tiered system to warn countries earlier about disease outbreaks before they escalate.

Health and Health Determinant Metrics for Cities: A Comparison of County and City-Level Data - 06-Nov-2020
We evaluated whether using county-level data to characterize public health measures in cities biases the characterization of city populations. We compared 4 public health and sociodemographic measures in 447 US cities (percent of children living in poverty, percent of non-Hispanic Black population, age-adjusted cardiovascular disease mortality, life expectancy at birth) to the same measures calculated for counties that contain those cities. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Disparities in Sources of Added Sugars and High Glycemic Index Foods in Diets of US Children, 2011–2016 - 06-Nov-2020
Added sugars and high glycemic index (GI) foods might play a role in cardiometabolic pathogenesis. This study aimed to describe the top sources of added sugars and types of high GI foods in diets of children by race/ethnicity. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

NIH researchers identify gene in mice that controls food cravings, desire to exercise - 06-Nov-2020
The findings could inform future research to prevent obesity and its accompanying risks for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Using Participatory Mapping to Diagnose Upstream Determinants of Health and Prescribe Downstream Policy-Based Interventions - 05-Nov-2020
Participatory mapping is a powerful methodology for working with community residents to examine social and environmental determinants of public health disparities. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Neighborhood conditions associated with children’s cognitive function - 05-Nov-2020
The researchers analyzed data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, which focuses on how environmental and biological factors influence adolescent development. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Let’s talk access! Improve timely patient access to affordable medicines - 05-Nov-2020
In response to the European Commission’s consultation on its new Pharmaceutical Strategy, the European Public Health Alliance highlights the need for action on the availability, affordability, sustainability and security of supply of medicines. Shortages and availability of medicines is a systemic problem which create challenges for the medicine supply chain and have heavy consequences on patients’ health and safety. (European Public Health Association)

New research points to potential link between pollution levels and Covid-19 death risk - 05-Nov-2020
New research points to another potential factor that might play into a person’s risk of death due to Covid-19: prolonged exposure to high levels of air pollution.

Australia has almost eliminated the coronavirus — by putting faith in science - 05-Nov-2020
The nation of 26 million is close to eliminating community transmission of the coronavirus, having defeated a second wave just as infections surge again in Europe and the United States.

COVID-19 test results lag at most US nursing homes - 05-Nov-2020
As recently as the end of September, as community COVID-19 cases began spiking, the vast majority of test result turnaround times for residents and staff at US nursing homes were still taking substantially longer than the 24 hours recommended to guide effective infection control, according to a research letter published late last week in JAMA Internal Medicine. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Studies detail risk of preterm birth, severe COVID-19 in pregnant women - 05-Nov-2020
Two new US studies have identified an elevated risk of preterm birth and severe COVID-19 illness in pregnant women, while a systematic review and meta-analysis of maternal and neonatal outcomes found that the novel coronavirus doesn't seem to significantly influence pregnancy. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Researchers create algorithm to improve antibiotic UTI treatment - 05-Nov-2020
Using machine learning, researchers have developed a treatment algorithm that could help improve antibiotic prescribing for uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Launching a Toolkit for Safety-Net Clinics Implementing Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic - 03-Nov-2020
A toolkit to support providers in using telemedicine to care for vulnerable patients during this challenging time, and as means of advancing health equity. (Commonwealth Fund)

UN agency chiefs appeal for ‘open science’ beyond COVID-19, citing dangers of secrecy and denial - 03-Nov-2020
The heads of three UN agencies joined forces on Tuesday to appeal for a global push towards “open science”, citing the value of cooperation in the response to COVID-19 and the dangers of treating evidence-based knowledge as an exclusive asset, or simple matter of opinion.

Long-term symptoms of COVID-19 ‘really concerning’, says WHO chief - 03-Nov-2020
With some COVID-19 patients reporting long-term symptoms, including damage to major organs, the World Health Organization (WHO) urged Governments to ensure they receive necessary care.

‘If we invest in health systems, we can bring this virus under control’ – WHO chief - 03-Nov-2020
Health systems and global preparedness are not only an investment in the future but “the foundation of our response” to today’s COVID-19 health crisis, the head of the UN’s health agency said on Monday.

Horizon Scanning COVID-19 - 03-Nov-2020
This supplement spotlights topics that stakeholders identified as having potential for high impact relative to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI))

Maternal Health Inequity During the COVID-19 Pandemic - 02-Nov-2020
Existing inequities in maternal mortality and serious morbidity rates in the United States may be exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

FDA, Homeland Security Agencies Take Additional Action to Prevent Import of Illegal and Harmful Medical Products Through International Mail Facilities - 02-Nov-2020
Leadership from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Homeland Security Investigations (ICE-HSI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to stop harmful products that pose a threat to public health and attempt to enter the U.S. through International Mail Facilities (IMFs). The MOU will maximize inspection and detection capabilities in order to prevent this illegal activity.

WHO extends COVID-19 emergency as global total tops 45 million - 02-Nov-2020
The agency's COVID-19 emergency committee wrapped up its fifth review of COVID-19 developments and unanimously agreed that the situation still warrants a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) under the International Health Regulations (IHR).


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