News

Current News

2019 July

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Arthritis Among US Adults, 2016 - 19-Jul-2019
Adults with arthritis are more likely than adults without arthritis to have a higher prevalence of COPD (13.7% vs 3.8%). The relationships remained significant among all subgroups of selected characteristics after we controlled for covariates. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Check Out the New Mental Health Infographic from Healthy People 2020 - 19-Jul-2019
Each month, ODPHP releases an infographic with the latest data related to a Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicator (LHI) topic. These infographics show progress toward Healthy People 2020 LHI targets — and show where there’s still work to be done. This month’s featured LHI topic is Mental Health. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)

Lost in Translation: The Importance of Social Determinants of Health Data from the Patient Perspective - 19-Jul-2019
This blog post is the first in a series that explores the needs, challenges, and opportunities in collecting and using SDOH data to drive decisions in health care delivery and payment. Each post will examine these questions from the perspective of a different stakeholder group involved in such decision making. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)

Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern - 19-Jul-2019
WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has declared the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). (World Health Organization (WHO))

Opportunities and Challenges Addressing Access to Healthy Food in Five Rural Louisiana Food Stores - 19-Jul-2019
A multicomponent environmental food store intervention was implemented in 5 rural food stores across 3 Louisiana parishes with high obesity prevalence to address healthy food access. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Washington State’s Fruit and Vegetable Prescription Program: Improving Affordability of Healthy Foods for Low-Income Patients - 19-Jul-2019
The objective of this study was to describe mixed-method process and outcome evaluation results after 2 years of implementation of the fruit and vegetable prescription program, using data collected from July 1, 2016, through June 30, 2018. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

State-Specific Prevalence of Quit Attempts Among Adult Cigarette Smokers — United States, 2011–2017 - 19-Jul-2019
In 2017, at least six in 10 adult smokers reported trying to quit in the past year in almost all states. In that year, the prevalence of past-year quit attempts ranged from 58.6% (Wisconsin) to 72.3% (Guam), with a state/territory median of 65.4%. During 2011–2017, quit attempt prevalence increased in four states and decreased in two states; quit attempt prevalence did not change significantly in the remaining 44 states, DC, and two territories over this period. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Successive Norovirus Outbreaks at an Event Center — Nebraska, October–November, 2017 - 19-Jul-2019
An investigation into an ongoing gastrointestinal illness outbreak identified 159 persons reporting illness meeting the case definition; laboratory testing confirmed norovirus cases. Public health recommendations were not strictly followed, and transmission continued for approximately 2 weeks. Halting transmission required a coordinated approach involving thorough environmental decontamination and a strict ill employee exclusion policy. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Updated baseline prevalence of birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection - 19-Jul-2019
The baseline prevalence of these defects in the United States prior to the ZIKV outbreak was estimated as 2.86 per 1,000 live births (95% CI: 2.65–3.07) using data from statewide birth defects surveillance programs in Massachusetts and North Carolina in 2013 and from three counties in metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, during 2013–2014. (Wiley Interscience)

Methodologies for Evaluating and Grading Evidence Considerations for Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief - 19-Jul-2019
Summary of a July 2018 workshop featuring two panel sessions to hear from experts in evidence synthesis and grading. Given the context-sensitive nature of public health emergency preparedness and response practices and their focus on systems and processes, the panels explored evidence assessment methodologies from a variety of disciplines that face similar challenges in identifying evidence-based practices. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Implementation of “Treat‐all” at adult HIV care and treatment sites in the Global IeDEA Consortium: results from the Site Assessment Survey - 18-Jul-2019
This study aimed to assess the status of Treat All implementation across regions, countries, and levels of the health care delivery system. (Journal of the International AIDS Society)

Team-Based Care to Improve Type 2 Diabetes Management: Recommendation of the Community Preventive Services Task Force - 18-Jul-2019
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends team-based care to control type 2 diabetes based on strong evidence of effectiveness. Evidence demonstrates that team-based care improves patients’ blood glucose (measured using HbA1c levels); blood pressure; and lipid levels. Interventions also increase the proportion of patients who reach target blood glucose, blood pressure, and lipid levels. (Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF))

Medicaid Engagement and Education Efforts Could Improve Delivery of HIV Prevention Services - 18-Jul-2019
This white paper identifies ways the Medicaid program can educate patients and providers to improve the use of PrEP medication and clinical services. (AcademyHealth)

Medicaid Financing and Coverage Benefits Can be Leveraged to Improve Delivery of HIV Prevention Services - 18-Jul-2019
This white paper, identifies Medicaid benefits and financing mechanisms that could be used to improve uptake and delivery of PrEP medication and clinical care. (AcademyHealth)

AJPH Call for Proposals: Special Issue about Health Misinformation on Social Media - 18-Jul-2019
The American Journal of Public Health (AJPH), in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute, intends to publish a special issue focusing on research that can help us better understand and address the proliferation of health misinformation on social media. If you are interested in contributing to this special issue, please send an extended proposal to Ms. Anna Gaysynsky, Assistant Guest Editor, at Anna.Gaysynsky@nih.gov by 11:59 PM EDT on Friday, August 30, 2019. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

Attempts to Lose Weight Among Adolescents Aged 16–19 in the United States, 2013–2016 - 17-Jul-2019
In 2013–2016, 37.6% of adolescents aged 16–19 tried to lose weight in the past year. Weight loss attempts were higher among adolescent girls (45.2%) compared with adolescent boys (30.1%). (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Unintentional Injury Death Rates in Rural and Urban Areas: United States, 1999–2017 - 17-Jul-2019
From 1999 through 2017, the age-adjusted unintentional injury death rate increased 40% from 35.3 deaths per 100,000 standard population to 49.4. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Grant Writing: How to Build Credibility with Your Budget Narrative - 17-Jul-2019
Need statements, program narratives, and discussions of impact aren’t the only parts of a federal grant application that require the touch of a good writer. The budget narrative – sometimes called the budget justification or budget detail – can also benefit from a skilled wordsmith. (Grants.gov)

Opportunities for Employers to Support Physical Activity Through Policy - 16-Jul-2019
The purpose of this essay is to provide a definition for worksite policy and discuss how policy approaches can support employers’ efforts to promote physical activity and describes worksite physical activity policies that employers can adopt and implement. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Using Worker Absenteeism to Track the Flu - 16-Jul-2019
NIOSH is monitoring health-related workplace absenteeism among full-time workers in the U.S. using data received monthly from the Current Population Survey. These data are useful for assessing the occurrence of illnesses like the flu since the amount of health-related absences is strongly related to the amount of flu-like illness occurring at about the same time. Therefore, workplace absenteeism provides additional information to measure the overall impact of seasonal flu epidemics or pandemics. (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), CDC)

Enlisting CRISPR in the Quest for an HIV Cure - 16-Jul-2019
Recent research shows promising results in eliminating HIV through antiretroviral therapy and genetic editing. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Donor Government Funding for HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries in 2018 - 16-Jul-2019
Report tracks funding levels of the donor governments that collectively provide the bulk of international assistance for AIDS through bilateral programs and contributions to multilateral organizations. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

Key Facts about Uninsured Adults with Opioid Use Disorder - 16-Jul-2019
Based on data from the 2016 and 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), this data note describes uninsured nonelderly adults with OUD, including their demographic characteristics and treatment utilization. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

Storytelling in Patient-Centered Native Healthcare - 16-Jul-2019
Sharing stories is a major consideration for providing health care at the Southcentral Foundation, which offers health services to American Indian and Alaska Native people in southcentral Alaska. The Southcentral Foundation bases its services on a foundation of trust between care providers and patients. (National Indian Council on Aging)

NIH and Partners to Launch HIV Vaccine Efficacy Trial in the Americas and Europe - 15-Jul-2019
The NIH and partners today announced plans to conduct a Phase 3 HIV vaccine efficacy trial at multiple clinical research sites in North America, South America and Europe. The trial, called HPX3002/HVTN 706 or Mosaico, will assess whether an investigational vaccine regimen designed to induce immune responses against a variety of global HIV strains can safely and effectively prevent HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men and transgender people. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Psychosocial Supports in Medication-Assisted Treatment: Site Visit Findings and Conclusions (July 2019) - 15-Jul-2019
The purpose of this report is to gain a better understanding of the role and range of different models of psychosocial support in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS)

The State of Climate Adaptation in Public Health: An Assessment of 16 U.S. States - 15-Jul-2019
Report assesses the state of climate adaptation planning and implementation for climate-related threats to public health in 16 U.S. states – Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. (Climate Adaptation Knowledge Exchange)

Moderate calorie restriction in young and middle-aged adults significantly reduces heart and metabolic risk factors independent of weight loss - 15-Jul-2019
Moderately reducing caloric intake over a period of two years significantly improved cardiometabolic risk factors in young and middle-aged, non-obese adults, according to new findings from the Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) (link is external) trial. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Call for submissions: Examples of Educating and Training Health Workers on the Social Determinants of Health - 12-Jul-2019
WHO and UNESCO are calling for submissions of examples of education and training courses and programmes for future or current health workers that focus on, or integrate SDH. (World Health Organization (WHO))

Trends in Non‐Hispanic White Mortality in the United States by Metropolitan‐Nonmetropolitan Status and Region, 1990–2016 - 12-Jul-2019
Open-access article provides a comprehensive examination of trends in non‐Hispanic white mortality between 1990 and 2016 by metropolitan‐nonmetropolitan status and region. (Wiley Interscience)

A Cohort Review Approach Evaluating Community Health Worker Programs in New York City, 2015–2017 - 12-Jul-2019
The objective of this study was to describe how a cohort review approach was applied as an evaluation framework for a community health worker intervention among adult residents in 5 public housing developments in New York City in 2015–2017. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

A Community-Wide Collaboration to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Hearts of Sonoma County Initiative - 12-Jul-2019
Study describes outcomes and lessons learned from the Hearts of Sonoma County (HSC) initiative, a successful multi-sector collaborative effort to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Sonoma County, California. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

State-Level and County-Level Estimates of Health Care Costs Associated with Food Insecurity - 12-Jul-2019
To inform public policy, study estimated state-level and county-level health care expenditures associated with food insecurity. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Workplace Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure Among U.S. Nonsmoking Workers, 2015 - 12-Jul-2019
Nonsmoking workers residing in states without comprehensive smoke-free laws and workers employed in certain industries were more likely to be frequently exposed to workplace secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS). Industry subcategories with the highest prevalences of SHS exposure, and the industry category with the highest number of exposed workers (construction), include outdoor workplaces and other settings unlikely to be protected by smoke-free laws. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

U.S. Adults’ Attitudes Toward Lowering Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes - 12-Jul-2019
This study assessed U.S. adults’ attitudes toward lowering the nicotine levels in cigarettes to make them less addictive. (American Journal of Preventive Medicine)

Call for Papers: Theme Issue on Drivers of Health - 12-Jul-2019
Health Services Research (HSR) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation are partnering to publish a Theme Issue on Drivers of Health, to be co-edited by Austin Frakt, PhD, and David Nerenz, PhD. Theme issue invites studies, evaluations, and policy analyses that use rigorous scientific research methods to illuminate the causal relationships between social and health care system factors that affect health outcomes, including mortality, as well as broader measures of quality of life and well-being. (Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET))

Our Homes Are Key To Our Health - 12-Jul-2019
Millions of families in America are struggling to keep a roof over their heads—and it’s taking a toll on their health. In a Culture of Health, everyone has an opportunity to reside in an affordable, safe, stable home and a neighborhood that fosters well-being. That’s why, in this Annual Message, RWJF is highlighting housing as one key factor of thriving communities. The data and stories below are just a few examples of how housing is linked to health and equity. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Public Health Efforts to Address Mental Health Conditions Among Cancer Survivors - 11-Jul-2019
Study describes an area of mental health—a public health approach to addressing the mental health needs of cancer survivors—in which the CDC is active. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

Changes in HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Awareness and Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men — 20 Urban Areas, 2014 and 2017 - 11-Jul-2019
From 2014 to 2017, PrEP awareness among MSM in 20 urban areas increased from 60% to 90%, and PrEP use increased from 6% to 35%. PrEP use increased in almost all demographic subgroups but remains lower among black and Hispanic MSM. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Contribution of Whole Grains to Total Grains Intake Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 2013–2016 - 11-Jul-2019
This report provides estimates of the percentage of total grains intake consumed from whole grains sources, for adults aged 20 and over who reported consumption of grains (98.6%) on a given day during 2013–2016. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Advancing American Kidney Health - 11-Jul-2019
The initiatives discussed in this paper are designed to tackle the challenges people living with kidney disease face throughout the stages of kidney disease, while also improving the lives of patients, their caregivers, and family members. The overall goals of these efforts are to: reduce the risk of kidney failure; improve access to and quality of person-centered treatment options; and increase access to kidney transplants. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS)

Opioid Use Decreased in Medicare Part D, While Medication-Assisted Treatment Increased - 11-Jul-2019
Nearly 3 in 10 Medicare Part D beneficiaries received opioids in 2018, a significant decrease from the previous 2 years. At the same time, the number of beneficiaries receiving drugs for medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder has steadily increased and reached 174,000 in 2018. (Office of Inspector General (OIG), HHS)

Location of Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction: In Brief - 11-Jul-2019
The current report identifies the geographic location of medication-assisted treatment providers using methadone and buprenorphine (opioid agonist treatment) in the United States. The analysis uses Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) data to identify the number and location of (1) federally certified opioid treatment programs and (2) practitioners with DATA waivers. (Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress)

The Role of Hospitals in Population Health: Findings from National Conversations, Statewide Survey and Local Perspectives (June 2019) - 11-Jul-2019
The purpose of this technical report is to outline definitions of population health, potential benefits and challenges for hospitals addressing population health, and approaches used by hospitals to operationalize population health activities. (Kansas Health Institute)

A Qualitative Study Identifying Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity in Rural Communities - 11-Jul-2019
The purpose of the study was to elicit rural residents’ thoughts and perceptions related to physical activity and walking trail use. (Journal of Environmental and Public Health)

Housing Instability Among Families with Young Children with Special Health Care Needs - 11-Jul-2019
Study objective was to evaluate housing instability in households of children with and without SHCNs. (Children's HealthWatch)

POPLINE to retire on September 1, 2019 - 11-Jul-2019
POPLINE has been a valuable resource to the population, family planning, and reproductive health community for over 40 years. The collection of more than 400,000 records has provided students and researchers worldwide with access to journal articles, reports, books, unpublished resources, and full-text documents (to users in low- and middle-income countries). POPLINE is managed by the Knowledge for Health (K4Health) Project, which ends on September 10, 2019. The POPLINE website will retire on September 1.

Using web data to improve surveillance for heat sensitive health outcomes - 11-Jul-2019
This study aims to investigate the relationship between heat-related web searches, social media messages, and heat-related health outcomes. (BioMed Central)

On the Path to Health Equity: Building Capacity to Measure Health Outcomes in Community Development - 10-Jul-2019
This new report by Enterprise Community Partners and NeighborWorks America shows how an innovative pilot program – the Health Outcomes Demonstration Project – equipped 20 affordable housing and community development organizations to evaluate health outcomes across a range of programs. (Enterprise Community Partners, Inc.)

Infectious Diseases Society of America Position Statement on Telehealth and Telemedicine as Applied to the Practice of Infectious Diseases - 10-Jul-2019
The technologies spanning telehealth, telemedicine, and mobile health (mHealth) are rapidly evolving, and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has prepared this updated position statement to educate its membership on the use of telemedicine and telehealth technologies. IDSA supports the appropriate and evidence-based use of telehealth technologies to provide up-to-date, timely, cost-effective subspecialty care to resource-limited populations. (Infectious Diseases Society of America)

Guidance to States and School Systems on Addressing Mental Health and Substance Use Issues in Schools (July 2019) - 10-Jul-2019
Bulletin to provide the public, including states, schools, and school systems, with information about addressing mental health and substance use issues in schools. (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS)

Assessing and Monitoring Long-Term Opioid Use for People With Chronic and Disabling Arthritis Pain (June 2019) - 10-Jul-2019
This literature review summarizes the existing research on opioid use disorder (OUD) and long-term opioid use by people who experience chronic noncancer pain. (American Institutes of Research)

Powerful open data tool illustrates life expectancy gaps are larger in more racially segregated cities - 10-Jul-2019
Racial segregation has been associated with lower life expectancy. A new analysis using the City Health Dashboard shows that, overall, cities with higher levels of racial residential segregation have disturbingly large gaps in life expectancy—up to 30 years. (Build Healthy Places Network)

Vital Signs: Surveillance for Acute Flaccid Myelitis — United States, 2018 - 10-Jul-2019
During 2018, 233 confirmed AFM cases were reported, the largest number since surveillance began in 2014. Upper limb involvement only was more prevalent in confirmed cases (42%), as was report of respiratory symptoms or fever (92%) within 4 weeks preceding limb weakness onset. Median intervals from onset of limb weakness to hospitalization, magnetic resonance imaging, and reporting to CDC were 1, 2, and 18 days, respectively. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

The Evidence on School-Based Health Centers: A Review - 09-Jul-2019
This narrative review begins with a summary of the structure and latest policy initiatives related to school-based health centers. Next the evidence pertaining to financial, physical, mental, and educational impact of SBHCs is evaluated. Finally, the authors explore the impact SBHCs might have on 3 current public health challenges that are closely tied to both education and health care sectors in the United States. (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), NLM)

Novel Method Identifies Patients at Risk for HIV Who May Benefit From Prevention Strategies - 09-Jul-2019
NIH-funded studies demonstrate the value of automated prediction algorithms that could be used to prevent new HIV infections. (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH)

SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC) Customer Feedback Survey - 09-Jul-2019
SAMHSA is gathering information on user satisfaction with the quality and relevance of SAMHSA DTAC’s products, the quality of SAMHSA DTAC’s service, and in general how well SAMHSA DTAC is meeting disaster behavioral health (mental health and substance use-related) needs. The survey is open until January 31, 2020. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

Estimating the Relative Impact of Clinical and Preventive Community-Based Interventions: An Example Based on the Community Transformation Grant Program - 08-Jul-2019
Public health focuses on a range of evidence-based approaches for addressing chronic conditions, from individual-level clinical interventions to broader changes in policies and environments that protect people’s health and make healthy living easier. This study examined the potential long-term impact of clinical and community interventions as they were implemented by Community Transformation Grant (CTG) program awardees. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Tailoring Crisis Response and Pre-arrest Diversion Models for Rural Communities (June 2019) - 08-Jul-2019
This brief features a few current strategies and technologies that rural communities can adopt to increase opportunities for crisis response and pre-arrest diversion of individuals with mental and substance use disorders from the local criminal justice system. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

The Oral Health of American Indian and Alaska Native Children Aged 1-5 Years: Results of the 2018-19 IHS Oral Health Survey (April 2019) - 08-Jul-2019
This data brief focuses on the oral health of preschool children. It presents information on the prevalence of ECC, untreated decay and dental sealants in the primary (baby) teeth of AI/AN children aged 1-5 years in 2018-19 and assesses trends in oral health since the 2010 survey. (Indian Health Service (IHS))

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for HIV-associated Non-Communicable Diseases Research at Low- and Middle-Income Country Institutions - 08-Jul-2019
The John E. Fogarty International Center (FIC) intends to issue a new Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to support locally relevant research in critical areas of HIV-associated non-communicable diseases (NCDs) at Low- and Middle-Income Country (LMIC) Institutions and to enhance research capacity and build a network of researchers both within and across LMICs to address this critical burden. (Fogarty International Center, NIH)

Request for Information (RFI): Guidance on Current Education Curricula for Health Care Professionals Regarding Pain and Opioid Misuse and Use Disorder - 08-Jul-2019
This RFI seeks input from stakeholders throughout the scientific research and medical education community and the general public regarding the Centers of Excellence in Pain Education (CoEPEs) program, general pain education, opioid misuse or use disorder education curriculum. Stakeholders of interest include but are not limited to: health care professionals providing pain treatment, students in medical, dental and nursing schools, residents, fellows, teaching faculty, medical and dental associations, and education accrediting agencies. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Guidance to States and School Systems on Addressing Mental Health and Substance Use Issues in Schools - 08-Jul-2019
This Joint SAMHSA-CMS informational Bulletin provides guidance to states and school systems about addressing mental health and substance use issues in schools. It provides examples of approaches for services in schools and describes some Medicaid authorities that states may use to cover services. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

Deaths: Leading Causes for 2017 (June 2019) - 08-Jul-2019
This report presents final 2017 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Receipt of Pelvic Examinations Among Women Aged 15–44 in the United States, 1988–2017 - 08-Jul-2019
A decreasing trend in the receipt of pelvic examinations in the past 12 months among women aged 15–44 was observed from 1988 through 2017. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Key Substance Use and Mental Health Indicators in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health - 05-Jul-2019
Summarizes key findings from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) for indicators of substance use and mental health among people aged 12 years old or older in the civilian, non-institutionalized population of the United States. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

Prenatal Risk Factors and Perinatal and Postnatal Outcomes Associated With Maternal Opioid Exposure in an Urban, Low-Income, Multiethnic US Population - 05-Jul-2019
Study identifies the prenatal risk factors and perinatal and postnatal outcomes associated with maternal opioid use during pregnancy. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Characteristics of US Counties With High Opioid Overdose Mortality and Low Capacity to Deliver Medications for Opioid Use Disorder - 05-Jul-2019
Study identifies characteristics of US counties with high rates of opioid overdose mortality and low capacity to deliver medications for opioid use disorder. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Closure of Specialized Information Services - 05-Jul-2019
Over the next few months, some SIS resources and programs will transition to other parts of NLM, be integrated into other NLM resources, made accessible on partner sites, or discontinued. NLM will provide notice of these changes as they are made. Links to SIS resources and programs in their new locations will be shared on the SIS homepage at https://sis.nlm.nih.gov. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

Health-Related Workplace Absenteeism Among Full-Time Workers — United States, 2017–18 Influenza Season - 03-Jul-2019
During the 2017–18 influenza season, absenteeism increased sharply in November and peaked in January, at a level significantly higher than the average during the previous five seasons. Workers who were male, aged 45–64 years, and working in certain U.S. Census regions and occupations were more affected than were other subgroups. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

July 8-12 is 2019 National Environmental Public Health Tracking Awareness Week - 03-Jul-2019
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is sponsoring the fourth annual National Environmental Public Health Tracking Week during July 8-12, 2019. CDC, state and local health departments, and national partners are coming together to highlight environmental health issues important to improving the health of our nation and to recognize the work of the Tracking Program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Healthy Moms Raising Healthy Babies (June 2019) - 03-Jul-2019
This report focuses on the health of Texas mothers during the year after childbirth, with specific attention to improving new mothers’ behavioral health, including support for both mental health and substance use challenges. (Texans Care for Children)

HUD Policy Brief on Rural Homelessness: Understanding the Impact and Potential for Health Centers - 03-Jul-2019
This resource outlines specific steps health centers serving rural areas can take to better connect their consumers experiencing homelessness or housing instability to housing and services. (Corporation for Supportive Housing)

New Study Supports Expanded Testing for Gonorrhea and Chlamydia - 02-Jul-2019
A new study from the NIAID-funded Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG) found that two diagnostic tests accurately detected gonorrhea and chlamydia in samples from the pharynx (throat) and rectum. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)

Health Centers: Trends in Revenue and Grants Supported by the Community Health Center Fund - 02-Jul-2019
GAO analyzed HRSA data collected from health centers and compiled in its Uniform Data System to identify the sources and amounts of revenue health centers received from 2010 through 2017, the most recent data at the time of GAO's analysis. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

Trends in Health Equity in the United States by Race/Ethnicity, Sex, and Income, 1993-2017 - 02-Jul-2019
Using data from more than 5.4 million respondents to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, this study found that from 1993 to 2017, the black-white gap showed significant improvement. However, measures of health equity and health justice declined over time, and income disparities worsened. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Applying Lessons of Optimal Adolescent Health to Improve Behavioral Outcomes for Youth: Public Information-Gathering Session: Proceedings of a Workshop--in Brief (2019) - 02-Jul-2019
The Committee on Applying Lessons of Optimal Adolescent Health to Improve Behavioral Outcomes for Youth is conducting a study to identify key components of youth-serving programs that have proved successful in improving health outcomes related to adolescent behavior. As part of this work, they held a public information-gathering session in April 2019. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the sessions. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Successful Approaches to Reduce Sodium in School Meals Study - 02-Jul-2019
This study was designed to provide information on (1) the market availability of foods that meet the sodium standards for school meal programs set by regulation in 2012, (2) the strategies most often used by schools that have met the sodium targets, and (3) the technical assistance needs of schools and districts working to develop lower sodium menus. (Food and Nutrition Service, USDA)

Exploring the Causes of State Variation in SNAP Administrative Costs - 02-Jul-2019
Using state reported data from FY 1999 to FY 2016 for the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC), this study explores a number of factors, including state economic conditions, SNAP caseload characteristics, state SNAP policies, to try to explain the variation by state. (Food and Nutrition Service, USDA)

The Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) Characteristics Study - 02-Jul-2019
Infographic summarizes findings from a study on the Summer Food Service Program operations and characteristics at the state, sponsor, and site levels. (Food and Nutrition Service, USDA)

Communicable disease threats to public health in the European Union - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018 - 02-Jul-2019
This report covers the events and threats detected by the ECDC epidemic intelligence (EI) team in 2018 and the actions taken related to these findings. (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC))

Fighting to Stamp Out Tobacco Use among Underserved Populations - 01-Jul-2019
In response to this continued health epidemic, two PCORI-funded research teams are investigating interventions designed to help people in underserved populations access and engage in evidence-based tobacco cessation interventions and successfully quit smoking. (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI))

Momentum builds across US to replace lead water pipes: Water contamination an issue for millions - 01-Jul-2019
Many U.S communities are finding cost-effective ways to pay for replacement of lead service lines, and dozens of other communities have already completed work. (The Nation's Health)

Skills and Techniques for Community Health Workers Addressing the Needs of Dually Eligible Beneficiaries - 01-Jul-2019
This brief describes skills, competencies, and techniques that CHWs may use to provide quality care. Examples include engaging members, coordinating care teams, translation, clinical assistance, and partnering with local organizations and providers. (Resources for Integrated Care)

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Motor Vehicle Traffic Death Rates, by Urban-Rural Status§ and Sex — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2017 - 01-Jul-2019
In 2017, the age-adjusted rate of motor vehicle traffic deaths was higher for residents of rural areas (19.7 per 100,000) than urban areas (10.2). Rates were higher in rural compared with urban areas for both female and male residents, and rates for males were higher than for females in both urban and rural areas. The death rates were 12.6 per 100,000 for female residents of rural areas, 5.6 for female residents of urban areas, 26.9 for male residents of rural areas, and 15.1 for male residents of urban areas. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Twenty Years Of School-Based Health Care Growth And Expansion - 01-Jul-2019
The article describes the current state of SBHCs in the US, how they have changed during the past twenty years, and the characteristics of the students and communities with access to them. (Health Affairs)

Geographic Expansion of Federally Qualified Health Centers 2007-2014 - 01-Jul-2019
Study determines if the large increase in the number of FQHCs between 2007 and 2014 expanded access in geographic areas that may be deemed underserved based on more recent data (2010) characteristics. (National Rural Health Association (NRHA))

IHS and Cherokee Nation launch new HIV pilot project - 01-Jul-2019
On National HIV Testing Day, the Indian Health Service and Cherokee Nation Health Service announced the launch of a new HIV pilot project to ensure the future success of the Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America. The pilot project will provide an opportunity to begin implementing and evaluating some key foundational activities that will help accelerate progress toward ending the HIV epidemic in Indian Country. (Indian Health Service (IHS))

Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT): A Service Delivery Model for Individuals With Serious Mental Illness Involved With the Criminal Justice System - 01-Jul-2019
This brief provides an overview of Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT)—an intensive service delivery model intended for people with serious mental illness who are involved in the criminal justice system. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

MAT Inside Correctional Facilities: Addressing Medication Diversion - 01-Jul-2019
This action brief provides criminal justice stakeholders, correctional facility leadership, & correctional staff with helpful strategies & techniques to reduce diversion of MAT medications. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

Tailoring Crisis Response and Pre-Arrest Diversion Models for Rural Communities - 01-Jul-2019
This action brief provides rural communities recommended strategies for adapting promising or proven interventions to better support crisis response and pre-arrest diversion in their communities. (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)

The G20 and development assistance for health: historical trends and crucial questions to inform a new era - 01-Jul-2019
This Health Policy perspective examined trends in development assistance for health (DAH) and its evolution over time, with a particular focus on G20 countries; pointed to persistent and emerging challenges for discussion at the G20 Summit; and highlighted key questions for G20 leaders to address to put the future of DAH on course to meet the expansive Sustainable Development Goals. (The Lancet)

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