Current News

2019 May

A Guide to Requesting Health Data Reports within a Federally Recognized Tribe - 24-May-2019
This guide describes how tribal staff in various programs (e.g., environmental, housing, maintenance, etc.) can request health data to better understand and describe the scope of public health issues that affect the tribes they serve. (Environmental Protection Agency (EPA))

Loss Of SNAP Is Associated With Food Insecurity And Poor Health In Working Families With Young Children - 24-May-2019
Study found that the groups whose SNAP benefits were reduced or cut off had significantly increased odds of household and child food insecurity, compared to a group with consistent participation in SNAP. (Health Affairs)

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month Twitter Chat - 24-May-2019
May 29, 2019 2:00-3:00pm ET. (Office of Minority Health (OMH), HHS)

Capacity-Building Toolkit for Including Aging and Disability Networks in Emergency Planning - 24-May-2019
The toolkit will help your community-based organization plan to address the access and functional needs of older adults and people with disabilities and assist consumers with personal preparedness. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), HHS)

Progress Toward Polio Eradication — Worldwide, January 2017–March 2019 - 24-May-2019
Wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has not been interrupted in Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Rare circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV) outbreaks can occur in areas with low oral poliovirus vaccination coverage. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Vision Impairment and Subjective Cognitive Decline–Related Functional Limitations — United States, 2015–2017 - 24-May-2019
Analysis of 2015–2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data determined that, after adjusting for age and other demographic and smoking characteristics, 18% of adults who reported vision impairment also reported SCD-related functional limitations, compared with only 4% of those without vision impairment. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Healthy Vision Month — May 2019 - 24-May-2019
May is Healthy Vision Month, an annual observance dedicated to making vision and eye health a national priority. During this month, CDC’s Vision Health Initiative (VHI) in the Division of Diabetes Translation joins with the National Eye Institute’s National Eye Health Education Program to educate the public about preventing vision loss and promoting eye health. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Delivering Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Services to High-Risk Youth: The Impacts of Teen Choice in New York - 23-May-2019
This report presents evidence on the impacts of the Teen Choice curriculum for youth in alternative schools in and around New York City. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)

The State of Latino Housing, Transportation, and Green Space: A Research Review - 23-May-2019
This research review assesses available research on the current status of housing, transportation, and green space in U.S. Latino communities. The review also highlights strategies to improve health equity in Latino communities. (Salud America!)

The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2013-2017 American Community Survey Chartbook (May 2019) - 23-May-2019
Chartbook highlights data for the Appalachian region from the American Community Survey, including housing, education, internet access, employment and income, transportation, and health insurance coverage. (Appalachian Regional Commission)

An RCT of Dating Matters: Effects on Teen Dating Violence and Relationship Behaviors - 23-May-2019
Teen dating violence is a serious public health problem with few effective prevention strategies. This study examines whether the Dating Matters comprehensive prevention model, compared with a standard of care intervention, prevented negative relationship behaviors and promoted positive relationship behaviors. (American Journal of Preventive Medicine)

Prescription Opioids: Voluntary Medicare Drug Management Programs to Control Misuse - 22-May-2019
This report: 1) describes how Medicare identifies beneficiaries at risk of opioid misuse and abuse and how it attempts to mitigate that risk; and 2) identifies the factors likely to affect the success of Medicare DMPs. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

Sources and Burden of Opioid Deaths - 22-May-2019
The opioid crisis intensified from 2016 to 2017 despite public and private sector efforts to prevent addiction and increase access to treatment. This infographic highlights key findings developed from the latest CDC data. (National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation)

Reproducibility and Replicability in Science (2019) - 22-May-2019
Report defines reproducibility and replicability and examines the factors that may lead to non-reproducibility and non-replicability in research. (National Academies Press)

Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Understanding Factors in Infancy and Early Childhood (Birth to 24 months) That Influence Obesity Development - 22-May-2019
The purpose of this Notice is to inform potential applicants to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of an area of special interest in understanding factors in infancy and early childhood (birth to 24 months) that influence the development of obesity. (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH)

An Update on Insurance Coverage Among People with HIV in the United States - 22-May-2019
In this update, based on analysis of nationally representative data, researchers find that by 2015, just 1 in 10 (11%) nonelderly people with HIV were uninsured, on par with the rate in the general population (13%), which had fallen to historic lows due to the ACA. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

Game Changer: Pennsylvania’s Response to the Opioid Crisis - 21-May-2019
Podcast explores Pennsylvania’s multi-pronged approach to addressing the opioid epidemic in the state and efforts to expand access to medicated-assisted treatment. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical Activity in the United States (2019) - 21-May-2019
Report develops strategies that support the implementation of recommended actions to improve national physical activity surveillance. This report also examines and builds upon existing recommended actions. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Poll: Many Rural Americans Struggle With Financial Insecurity, Access To Health Care - 21-May-2019
Polling by NPR finds that while rural Americans are mostly satisfied with life, there is a strong undercurrent of financial insecurity that can create very serious problems for many people living in rural communities. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Rapid Opioid Cutoff Is Risky Too, Feds Warn - 21-May-2019
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration last month warned prescribers that abruptly cutting off high-dose patients or tapering their doses too rapidly could cause withdrawal and even suicide. (Pew Charitable Trusts)

A scoping study on the link between exposure to or interaction with the natural environment and mental health outcomes - 21-May-2019
The aim of this study was to identify, analyse and synthesise available scientific literature related to the following research question: 'Is there an association between exposure to or interaction with the natural environment and mental health outcomes?' A scoping review of reviews was used. (RAND Corporation)

Register Your National HIV Testing Day Events! - 21-May-2019
June 27 is National HIV Testing Day (NHTD), an annual observance to raise awareness about the importance of HIV testing and encourage people of all ages to get tested. This year’s observance is especially important in light of the federal initiative to End the HIV Epidemic. The NHTD 2019 theme is Doing It My Way. It focuses on how and why people can make testing a part of their lives—on their terms and in their way. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for people in HIV care improves both HIV and alcohol outcomes - 20-May-2019
New clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health shows that increasing the intensity of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time improves alcohol-related outcomes among people with HIV. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

NIH study finds heavily processed foods cause overeating and weight gain - 20-May-2019
People eating ultra-processed foods ate more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet, according to results from a National Institutes of Health study. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

The Promise of Adolescence: Realizing Opportunity for All Youth (2019) - 20-May-2019
This report examines the neurobiological and socio-behavioral science of adolescent development and outlines how this knowledge can be applied, both to promote adolescent well-being, resilience, and development, and to rectify structural barriers and inequalities in opportunity, enabling all adolescents to flourish. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Opioid Prescriptions Drop Sharply Among State Workers - 20-May-2019
The agency that manages health care for California’s massive state workforce is reporting a major reduction in opioid prescriptions, reflecting a national trend of physicians cutting back on the addictive drugs. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Medical Care June 2019 - Volume 57 - Supplement 6 Suppl 2 Leveraging Advances in Technology to Promote Health Equity - 20-May-2019
Supplemental issue of Medical Care explores the role of health information in advancing the science of health disparities. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

In Medicaid Expansion States, More People Had Access to Opioid Overdose Reversal Drug - 20-May-2019
In the journal Addiction, Commonwealth Fund–supported researchers examined the effects of the Medicaid expansion by tracking the increase in the amount of dispensed naloxone covered by Medicaid from 2009–16 and comparing changes in dispensed naloxone in states that did and did not expand Medicaid. (Commonwealth Fund)

Opioids in Appalachia: The Role of Counties in Reversing a Regional Epidemic (May 2019) - 17-May-2019
This report aims to strengthen the local response to the opioid epidemic in Appalachia by presenting an analysis of its impacts on the region, followed by recommendations for local action. These recommendations are discussed in five sections: (1) leadership, (2) prevention, (3) recovery, (4) rehabilitation for justice-involved individuals and (5) economic development. Each recommendation section includes one or more case studies featuring an Appalachian county. (Appalachian Regional Commission)

Visualizing data about the healthy schools policy landscape - 17-May-2019
The report documents how all 50 states and the District of Columbia address more than 195 topic areas embedded within the 10 domains of the WSCC: health education; physical education and physical activity; nutrition environment and services; health services; counseling, psychological, and social services; social and emotional climate; physical environment; employee wellness; family engagement; and community involvement. (Child Trends)

Status of Protections in the U.S. for Victims of Domestic Violence in Same-Sex Relationships (March 2019) - 17-May-2019
Obergefell held that: (1) the right to marry is a fundamental right protected under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment; (2) same-sex couples may not be deprived of that right; and (3) states must recognize lawful same-sex marriages performed in other states. This issue brief (1) examines the various approaches taken by states in implementing the Obergefell decision; (2) demonstrates how the various approaches may impact or implicate the applicability of domestic violence statutes to unmarried victims in same-sex relationships; (3) outlines the potential enforcement issues of existing domestic violence statutes as applied to unmarried victims in same-sex relationships; and (4) examines certain non-legal barriers to accessing domestic violence protections for victims. (Network for Public Health Law)

Pathways to Stable Homes: Promoting Caregiver and Child Health Through Housing Stability - 17-May-2019
In search of a way to complement efforts to build more affordable homes in Massachusetts and ensure the state’s working families can avoid health damaging toxic trade-offs between rent and other basic necessities, Children’s HealthWatch developed a strategy named “Pathways to Stable Homes”. This strategy emerged and evolved out of feedback and information from multiple sources, including a listening tour, simulation modeling, and a healthcare cost analysis. (Children's HealthWatch)

Early weight-loss surgery may improve type 2 diabetes, blood pressure outcomes - 17-May-2019
NIH-funded study followed teens, adults with long-term obesity five years after gastric bypass. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Healthy and Safe Swimming Week — May 20–26, 2019 - 17-May-2019
This year’s Healthy and Safe Swimming Week theme, “Pool Chemistry for Healthy and Safe Swimming,” focuses on preventing pool chemical injuries. Pool chemicals prevent the spread of germs that cause illnesses and disease outbreaks; however, these same chemicals can cause injuries if mishandled. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Tuberculosis Screening, Testing, and Treatment of U.S. Health Care Personnel: Recommendations from the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association and CDC, 2019 - 17-May-2019
A systematic review found a low percentage of health care personnel (HCP) have a positive TB test at baseline and upon serial testing. Updated recommendations for screening and testing HCP include an individual baseline (preplacement) risk assessment, symptom evaluation and testing of persons without prior TB or latent TB infection (LTBI), no routine serial testing in the absence of exposure or ongoing transmission, treatment for HCP diagnosed with LTBI, annual symptom screening for persons with untreated LTBI, and annual TB education of all HCP. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Pool Chemical Injuries in Public and Residential Settings — United States, 2008–2017, and New York, 2018 - 17-May-2019
During 2015–2017, pool chemical injuries led to an estimated 13,508 U.S. emergency department visits, approximately one third of which occurred in persons aged <18 years. Most injuries occurred at a residence, and two thirds occurred during the summer swimming season (Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day). (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Notes from the Field: Measles Outbreaks from Imported Cases in Orthodox Jewish Communities — New York and New Jersey, 2018–2019 - 17-May-2019
On October 1, 2018, the Rockland County (New York) Department of Health (RCDOH) alerted the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) of an unvaccinated teenaged traveler with diagnosed measles. During the next 17 days, RCDOH learned of an additional six unvaccinated travelers with measles. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Notes from the Field: Community Outbreak of Measles — Clark County, Washington, 2018–2019 - 17-May-2019
On December 31, 2018, Clark County Public Health (CCPH) in Washington was notified of a suspected case of measles in an unvaccinated child, aged 10 years, who had recently arrived from Ukraine. The patient was evaluated at an urgent care clinic for fever, cough, and a maculopapular rash. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Malaria Surveillance — United States, 2016 - 17-May-2019
This report summarizes confirmed malaria cases in persons with onset of illness in 2016 and summarizes trends in previous years. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives (2019) - 17-May-2019
To support the dissemination of accurate patient-focused information about treatments for addiction, and to help provide scientific solutions to the current opioid crisis, this report studies the evidence base on medication assisted treatment (MAT) for OUD. It examines available evidence on the range of parameters and circumstances in which MAT can be effectively delivered and identifies additional research needed. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Education and Health: Long-Term Trends by Race, Ethnicity, and Geography, 1997-2017 - 17-May-2019
This study assesses trends in self-reported measures of general health, mental health, activity limitations, and obesity by educational attainment from 1997-2017, using data from the National Health Interview Survey. (Urban Institute)

Visualizing Health Equity: One Size Does Not Fit All Infographic - 17-May-2019
To build a Culture of Health, we must first ensure everyone has the basics to be healthy. And when it comes to expanding opportunities for health, thinking the same approach will work universally is like expecting everyone to be able to ride the same bike. Download and share this image to #PromoteHealthEquity, and help create a shared vision of better health for all. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

HHS Establishing Interdepartmental Substance Use Disorders Coordinating Committee, Seeking Member Nominations - 16-May-2019
Adm. Brett P. Giroir, M.D., Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Health and Senior Advisor to the Secretary for Opioid Policy, announced today the creation of a new committee to identify areas for improved coordination related to substance use disorder (SUD) research, services, supports and prevention activities across all relevant federal agencies. HHS, in coordination with the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), is seeking members for the Interdepartmental Substance Use Disorders Coordinating Committee, which was authorized by the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act Public Law 115-271. Applications are due June 14, 2019. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Mapping HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2017 - 16-May-2019
Study presents comprehensive space–time estimates of HIV prevalence among adults aged 15–49 years who reside in each area on a 5 × 5-km grid across 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, annually from 2000 to 2017. (Springer)

Opioid and Substance Use Disorder and Receipt of Treatment Among Parents Living With Children in the United States, 2015-2017 - 16-May-2019
Using data from the 2015-2017 National Survey of Drug Use and Health, researchers estimate that 623,000 parents with opioid use disorder are living with children, and less than one-third of these parents received treatment at a specialty facility or doctor’s office. (Urban Institute)

Easier Access to Naloxone Linked to Fewer Opioid Deaths - 15-May-2019
Between 2013 and 2016, nine states instituted laws that give pharmacists direct authority to dispense naloxone to anyone without a prescription. However, the impact of such changes has remained rather unclear. Now, an NIH-funded analysis has found that within a couple of years of these new laws taking effect, fatal opioid overdoses in these states fell significantly. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

How Public Health Outreach Ended A 1990s Measles Outbreak And What's Different Now - 14-May-2019
The outbreak from 1989 through 1991 was much larger than today's, with more than 27,000 cases in 1990 alone. But the conditions that lead to that outbreak and what it took to end it are dramatically different from the ones the U.S. is seeing today. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Improving Access to Oral Healthcare: A Snapshot of State Initiatives - 13-May-2019
There are a number of states pursuing strategies to improve oral health outcomes, such as primary care and dental care integration, workforce innovations, and care delivery innovations. Several states are exploring ways to improve access to oral health services in their jurisdictions, methods that have either been enacted or introduced in the current legislative session. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

Trump Administration Secures Historic Donation of Billions of Dollars in HIV Prevention Drugs - 13-May-2019
Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II announced Thursday that, as a result of discussions between the Trump Administration and Gilead Sciences, Inc., the pharmaceutical company has agreed to donate pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medication for up to 200,000 individuals each year for up to 11 years. PrEP is used to reduce the risk of HIV infection in individuals who are at higher risk for HIV. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Drug Policy: Assessing Treatment Expansion Efforts and Drug Control Strategies and Programs - 13-May-2019
This statement includes information from GAO's 2016 and 2017 reports on access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder, including selected recommendation updates as of May 2019. It also includes information from GAO's March 2019 testimony with preliminary observations on the 2019 National Drug Control Strategy and on GAO's ongoing work regarding ONDCP's efforts. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

Opioid Addiction: Meeting the Need for Treatment in Michigan (April 2019) - 13-May-2019
This policy brief uses data from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services and the Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS), an ongoing survey of the leaders of Michigan’s general purpose local governments (all counties, cities, townships, and villages) to examine drug treatment needs across Michigan counties and makes policy recommendations for increasing access to evidence based care. (University of Michigan)

Spotlight on North Carolina: Best Practices and Next Steps in the Opioid Epidemic (May 2019) - 13-May-2019
In this analysis of North Carolina, researchers review the state’s progress in Medicaid and the commercial insurance market in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, pain management and efforts to increase access to naloxone; and identify options for further building on these gains, drawing on emerging strategies from around the country. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Notice of Special Interest: Administrative Supplements to Enhance Inclusion of Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Populations in Minority Health and Health Disparities Research - 10-May-2019
NIMHD and NHGRI are soliciting administrative supplements to support collection and/or analysis of data from Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (NH/OPI) populations, who represent one of NIH’s designated health disparity populations. (National Human Genome Research Institute)

Daily Intake of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Among US Adults in 9 States, by State and Sociodemographic and Behavioral Characteristics, 2016 - 10-May-2019
Study examined associations between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake — a chronic disease risk factor — and characteristics of 75,029 adults (≥18 y) in 9 states by using 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. Accompanying infographic can be found here. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Disparities in Incidence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Black and White Women — United States, 2010–2016 - 10-May-2019
A population attributable proportion analysis found that in 2016, an estimated 3,900 of 4,200 (93%) incident HIV infections among black women would not have occurred if the incidence for black women were the same as that for white women. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Increase in Hepatitis A Virus Infections — United States, 2013–2018 - 10-May-2019
During 2016–2018, reports of hepatitis A infections in the United States increased by 294% compared with 2013–2015, related to outbreaks associated with contaminated food items, among men who have sex with men, and primarily, among persons who report drug use or homelessness. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Hepatitis Awareness Month and Testing Day — May 2019 - 10-May-2019
May is designated as Hepatitis Awareness Month, and May 19 is Hepatitis Testing Day. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C, the most common types of viral hepatitis in the United States, can cause chronic infections, and many persons remain unaware of their infection until serious complications occur. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

National Healthy Homes Month June 2019 - 10-May-2019
This year's theme, Growing Up Safe and Healthy: 5 Minutes to a Healthy Home focuses on the opportunity to protect current and future generations of children from the exposures to lead from contaminated paint, dust and soil; through the importance of home assessments and the impact it has on your health. (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD))

NIH awards will advance development of vaccines for sexually transmitted infections - 10-May-2019
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the NIH, today announced awards to establish four Cooperative Research Centers (CRCs) focused on developing vaccines to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The grants, totaling $41.6 million over five years, will support collaborative, multidisciplinary research on the bacteria that cause syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Does a Program that Focuses on Lifestyle Changes Reduce Heart Disease Risk Factors in a Rural Community in Appalachian Kentucky? (2019) - 09-May-2019
Study determines the effect of an individualized, culturally appropriate, self‐care CVD risk reduction intervention (HeartHealth) compared with referral of patients to a primary care provider for usual care on the following CVD risk factors: tobacco use, blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index, depressive symptoms, physical activity levels, and overall Framingham risk score. (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI))

Pharmacists in HIV Prevention: An Untapped Potential - 09-May-2019
Antiretrovirals are used with great success for the treatment of HIV and, increasingly, for its prevention. Because these medications almost always require a prescription, control of the epidemic has progressively come under the purview of a health care system that has myriad problems, including physician shortages. In this context, community pharmacists have incredible untapped potential. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

KFF Poll: Public Opinion and Knowledge on Reproductive Health Policy - 09-May-2019
In this poll, KFF examines public opinion towards many different facets of reproductive health care, with a focus on recent changes to federal reproductive health policy made by the Trump administration. In particular, the administration recently finalized major changes to the Title X program, which provides federal funding for family planning services for lower-income people. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Observes Hepatitis Awareness Month, Advances Efforts to Eliminate HIV/HCV Coinfection - 09-May-2019
May is Hepatitis Awareness Month, and May 19, 2019, is Hepatitis Testing Day. The Health Resources and Services Administration’s (HRSA) Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program has a long-standing commitment to providing health care and support services for low-income people with HIV who are coinfected with hepatitis C. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)

Action plan to improve public health preparedness and response in the WHO European Region 2018–2023 - 09-May-2019
This publication outlines the action plan to be implemented by States Parties and the WHO Regional Office for Europe in collaboration with key partners and in line with the requirements of the International Health Regulations (2005). (World Health Organization (WHO))

Exploring Lessons Learned from a Century of Outbreaks: Readiness for 2030: Proceedings of a Workshop - 08-May-2019
Proceedings of a November 2018 workshop to examine the lessons from influenza pandemics and other major outbreaks; understand the extent to which the lessons have been learned; and discuss how they could be applied further to ensure that countries are sufficiently ready for future pandemics. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Allowing Pharmacists to Directly Dispense Opioid Antidote Can Sharply Cut Opioid Overdose Deaths - 08-May-2019
Allowing pharmacists to dispense the opioid antidote naloxone without a physician's prescription can sharply reduce the incidence of fatal opioid-related overdoses, according to a new RAND Corporation study. (RAND Corporation)

The Intersection of Hurricane Response and Opioid Use Disorder - 08-May-2019
Factsheet on what disaster responders, healthcare professionals and disaster relief service providers need to know to help people who are suffering from opioid use disorder. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Strategies for Supporting Medicaid Beneficiaries’ Social Needs: A Look at Oregon and California - 08-May-2019
Oregon and California’s Medicaid programs are using waivers to pay for social supports — like housing, food, or legal services — not typically covered by Medicaid. (Commonwealth Fund)

Vital Signs: Pregnancy-Related Deaths, United States, 2011–2015, and Strategies for Prevention, 13 States, 2013–2017 - 08-May-2019
Among pregnancy-related deaths for which timing was known, 31.3% deaths occurred during pregnancy, 16.9% on the day of delivery, 18.6% on days 1–6 postpartum, 21.4% on days 7–42 postpartum, and 11.7% on days 43–365 postpartum. Leading causes of death varied by timing relative to the end of pregnancy. Approximately three in five pregnancy-related deaths were preventable. Contributing factors can be categorized at the community, health facility, patient, provider, and system levels. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

NIH facilitates first Tribal data-sharing agreement with Navajo Nation - 08-May-2019
The National Institutes of Health has facilitated a data-sharing and use agreement between the Navajo Nation and NIH grantees of the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program, which was ratified yesterday in a ceremony at the Navajo Nation Head Start Center in Leupp, Arizona. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Burden, Need and Impact: An Evidence-Based Method to Identify Worker Safety and Health Research Priorities - 07-May-2019
Article outlines the NIOSH- developed evidence-based method that uses the criteria of ‘burden’, ‘need’, and ‘impact’ to identify research priorities in occupational safety and health. (Oxford Journals)

To Improve Health Equity, Rural America Must Be Part of the Frame - 07-May-2019
What does it take to build fair opportunities for health in rural communities? A passionate advocate shares firsthand insights, as well as a new funding opportunity aimed to help build on existing lessons. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Transforming Pediatrics to Support Population Health: Recommendations for Practice Changes and How to Pay for Them - 07-May-2019
Report makes the case for redesigning pediatric primary care to play a broader role in the health and well-being of families and their children and outlines the principles to guide payment reform to support new services. (Child Health and Development Institute)

School Nutrition and Meal Cost Study: Summary of Findings - 07-May-2019
This summary report presents key findings from a study on the SNAP school lunch and breakfast program, including findings related to program operations, the nutritional characteristics of school meals, plate waste in the school lunch program, dietary intakes of school lunch participants and nonparticipants, meal costs and school foodservice revenues, and relationships between nutritional characteristics of school lunches and other key outcomes. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)

8 Zoonotic Diseases Shared Between Animals and People of Most Concern in the U.S. - 07-May-2019
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and its U.S. government partners have released the first federal collaborative report listing the top zoonotic diseases of national concern for the United States. Zoonotic diseases are illnesses that can spread between animals and people. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Informing Early Childhood Health Policy - 07-May-2019
A cluster of articles in a RWJF-supported issue of Health Affairs provides further evidence that food insecurity, housing instability, low income, and other factors have on early childhood development. (Health Affairs)

The Social Determinants of Health and the Decline in U.S. Life Expectancy: Implications for Appalachia - 07-May-2019
For the past century, life expectancy in industrialized countries has increased, and the U.S. has shared in that progress. However, beginning in the 1980s, advances in U.S. life expectancy began to lose pace with peer countries. By 1998, U.S. life expectancy had fallen below the average for Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development nations. U.S. life expectancy peaked in 2014 and has been decreasing for three consecutive years, a trend not been seen since the influenza pandemic a century ago. Put simply, U.S. health is in decline. (University of Kentucky)

Meth Vs. Opioids: America Has Two Drug Epidemics, But Focuses On One - 07-May-2019
While public health officials have focused on the opioid epidemic in recent years, another epidemic has been brewing quietly, but vigorously, behind the scenes. Methamphetamine use is surging in parts of the U.S., particularly the West, leaving first responders and addiction treatment providers struggling to handle a rising need. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Additional Evidence of the Effectiveness of HIV Treatment as Prevention Published in The Lancet - 07-May-2019
Just published findings from the largest study of HIV treatment as prevention among men who have sex with men have added to the existing body of evidence that if people living with HIV take antiretroviral therapy (ART) as prescribed to achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load, there is effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners. The findings from the PARTNER2 study were published online May 2, 2019, in The Lancet. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Measles Outbreak Toolkit for Healthcare Providers - 06-May-2019
To support health care providers during the current multi-state measles outbreak, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed this digital toolkit with products for providers and their patients about vaccines and measles. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Opioids in Appalachia: The Role of Counties in Reversing a Regional Epidemic - 06-May-2019
The recommendations and case studies contained in this report are designed to aid Appalachian county leaders in their efforts to formulate responses to the opioid epidemic. (National Association of Counties)

Progress Toward Measles Elimination — European Region, 2009–2018 - 03-May-2019
By end of 2017, 37 (70%) EUR countries had sustained interruption of measles transmission for ≥36 months and were verified to have eliminated endemic measles. During 2017–2018, however, a resurgence of measles occurred in EUR, with large-scale outbreaks in Ukraine, Serbia, and some countries that had achieved elimination. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Cocaine and Psychostimulants with Abuse Potential — United States, 2003–2017 - 03-May-2019
From 2016 to 2017, death rates involving cocaine and psychostimulants increased across age groups, racial/ethnic groups, county urbanization levels, and multiple states. Death rates involving cocaine and psychostimulants, with and without opioids, have increased. Synthetic opioids appear to be the primary driver of cocaine-involved death rate increases, and recent data point to increasing synthetic opioid involvement in psychostimulant-involved deaths. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

State-Specific Severe Joint Pain and Physical Inactivity Among Adults with Arthritis — United States, 2017 - 03-May-2019
In 2017, marked state-specific variations in prevalences of arthritis, severe joint pain, and physical inactivity were observed. Physical inactivity was more prevalent among persons with severe joint pain than among those with less pain. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

An Assessment of State Laws Providing Gubernatorial Authority to Remove Legal Barriers to Emergency Response - 03-May-2019
This article outlines the findings of a 50-state legal assessment, which identified and examined state laws that give governors the discretion to modify existing laws or create new laws to respond effectively to any type of declared emergency. (Health Security)

Children and Teens Who Drink Low-Calorie Sweetened Beverages Do Not Save Calories Compared to Those Who Drink Sugary Drinks - 03-May-2019
U.S. children and teens who consumed low-calorie or zero-calorie sweetened beverages took in about 200 extra calories on a given day compared to those who drank water, and they took in about the same number of calories as youth who consumed sugary beverages, according to a recent study. (George Washington University, Milken Institute School of Public Health)

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Secondary Analyses of Existing Datasets of Tobacco Use and Health (R21 Clinical Trial Not Allowed) - 03-May-2019
The NIH Tobacco Regulatory Science Program (TRSP), participating NIH Institutes and Centers (ICs) and the FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) intend to promote a new initiative by publishing a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to solicit applications for research proposing the innovative analysis of existing (publicly available) nationally representative U.S. cross-sectional and longitudinal data, to investigate novel scientific ideas and/or to generate new models, systems, tools, methods, or technologies that have the potential for significant impact on biomedical or biobehavioral research in areas relevant to the FDA - Center for Tobacco Products (CTP). The FOA is expected to be published in Fall 2019 with an expected application due date in Fall 2019. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Legal Challenges to Public Health Orders During the Recent Measles Outbreaks - 03-May-2019
Blog post discusses recent legal challenges to public health orders limiting movement or requiring vaccination during the recent measles outbreak. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

Developing a Web-Based Cost Assessment Tool for Colorectal Cancer Screening Programs - 03-May-2019
Researchers developed a web-based cost assessment tool (CAT) to collect cost data as an improvement from a desktop instrument to perform economic evaluations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) grantees. Article describes the development of the web-based CAT, evaluate the quality of the data obtained, and discuss lessons learned. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

An Evaluation Report: Senior Food Assistance, Related Programming, and Seniors' Experiences Across the Feeding America Network (April 2019) - 02-May-2019
The primary goal of this report is to provide a systematic, qualitative assessment of how food-assistance programming can, and does, align with seniors’ needs. A secondary goal is to shed light on some of the ways in which other types of programming (i.e., programming that aims to increase seniors’ access to or knowledge of nutrition and food-related services) operate and benefit seniors. (Feeding America)

Map the Meal Gap 2019: A Report on County and Congressional District Food Insecurity and County Food Cost in the United States in 2017 - 02-May-2019
Report estimates the number of food-insecure individuals and children in every county and congressional district in the United States and the share of food-insecure population who likely qualify for federal nutrition assistance programs, like SNAP. (Feeding America)

Fact Sheet: HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders - 02-May-2019
This updated web content provides information and statistical data about HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, including a fact sheet that visually displays this information. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

New Naloxone Laws Seek to Prevent Opioid Overdoses - 02-May-2019
In the last five years, at least 46 states and the District of Columbia enacted so-called good Samaritan laws, allowing private citizens to administer the overdose-reversal medication without legal liability. And all but four states — Connecticut, Idaho, Nebraska and Oregon — have called on pharmacies to provide the easy-to-administer medication to anyone who wants it without a prescription, according to the Network for Public Health Law. But a handful of states are going even further by requiring doctors to give or at least offer a prescription for the overdose rescue drug to patients taking high doses of opioid painkillers. (Pew Charitable Trusts)

Reducing Cancer Among Native Populations: Models for Research, Prevention, and Treatment - 02-May-2019
Along with genetic predisposition, environmental exposures, cultural influences, diet, and substance use, the lack of access to medical information and services has also contributed to the high AI/AN cancer mortality rates. However, researchers, nonprofits, tribal healthcare facilities, and cancer centers are stepping up to address these factors and create solutions. Across the nation, models for cancer research dissemination, prevention, and treatment are emerging to engage Native populations in cancer care. (Rural Health Information Hub)

HIV Health Improvement Affitinity Group 2019 Evaluation Report - 02-May-2019
The HIV Health Improvement Affinity Group was a one-year activity co-led by federal agencies with participation from public health department and Medicaid agency staff in 19 states. The goal was to develop and implement state action plans that would lead to increased viral suppression and improve health outcomes for persons living with HIV enrolled in Medicaid. The evaluation focused on the processes and short-term outcomes associated with participation in the group. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

State of Rural Women’s Healthcare Utilization and Health Indicators - 01-May-2019
Recap provides a summary of the research on rural women’s utilization of healthcare services, maternal substance use, and other health indicators. (Rural Health Research Gateway)

Pain Management for People with Serious Illness in the Context of the Opioid Use Disorder Epidemic: Proceedings of a Workshop - 01-May-2019
The Proceedings summarizes the presentations and discussions of a November 2018 workshop, which included a history of the opioid use disorder epidemic, challenges of patients with comorbid substance use disorder and serious illness, and the impact of policy and regulatory responses to the opioid use disorder epidemic on the care of people with serious illness. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

A Blueprint for Changemakers: Achieving Health Equity Through Law & Policy - 01-May-2019
This new resource presents legal strategies and best practices to help policymakers, practitioners, and communities improve health outcomes. The Blueprint outlines ways to leverage the unique power and efficacy of local policy solutions, incorporate health in all policies, and engage diverse community members in the policy process. At its core, the Blueprint focuses on comprehensive strategies to address the fundamental drivers of health inequities. (ChangeLab Solutions)

Housing Interventions to Improve Health Outcomes - 01-May-2019
This research brief describes the health impacts that arise from housing insecurity, followed by evidence-based solutions that can address health-related housing needs. (Altarum Institute)


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