News

Current News

2019 November

CDC updates EVALI guidance for health care providers as flu activity increases nationally - 20-Nov-2019
CDC today released updated guidance for health care providers to help diagnose and treat patients with e-cigarette or vaping lung injury (EVALI). This updated guidance, published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR), comes as the 2019-2020 influenza season approaches, when many patients may show up in outpatient clinics or hospitals with symptoms of respiratory illness. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Interpersonal Violence Syndemics and Co-Occurring Epidemics: Preventing Violence in the Context of Opioid Misuse, Suicide, Social Disparities, and HIV: Proceedings of a Workshop—in Brief - 19-Nov-2019
Summary of a May 2019 workshop that explored opioid-, ACEs-, and HIV-related violence syndemics from the perspectives of (a) survivors, (b) researchers studying these interactions, (c) public health professionals engaged with affected communities and in the creation and implementation of prevention and intervention measures, and (d) policy makers who are seeking multilevel interventions to address the complexities of comorbidities that reinforce and exacerbate each other. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Great American Smokeout — November 21, 2019 - 19-Nov-2019
The American Cancer Society’s Great American Smokeout is an annual event that encourages smokers to make a plan to quit smoking (https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/great-american-smokeout.html). The 44th annual Great American Smokeout will occur on November 21, 2019. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Tobacco Product Use and Cessation Indicators Among Adults — United States, 2018 - 19-Nov-2019
In 2018, approximately 20% of U.S. adults currently used any tobacco product; cigarette smoking reached an all-time low (13.7%). During 2009–2018, significant increases in three cigarette cessation indicators occurred. During 2017–2018, e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco product use prevalence increased. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Disparities in Receipt of Eye Exams Among Medicare Part B Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries with Diabetes — United States, 2017 - 19-Nov-2019
Nationally, 54.1% of Medicare Part B fee-for-service beneficiaries with diabetes had an eye exam in 2017. Disparities by state and race/ethnicity were identified. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

It’s Time to Connect Rural Health Equity with Community and Economic Development - 19-Nov-2019
It’s time to think differently about investing in rural America and the way we approach health and equity across its diverse communities. New research and resources show the critical connection between health, rural community and economic development. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Using Geospatial Analyses of Linked Electronic Health Records and Tobacco Outlet Data to Address the Social Determinants of Smoking - 19-Nov-2019
Study linked patient-level smoking status and address data from a Mid-Atlantic health system EHR to local area–level SDOH measures. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Agua4All: Providing Safe Drinking Water in Rural California Communities - 19-Nov-2019
Drinking water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages may reduce obesity and dental caries. Tap water is more affordable and sustainable than bottled water and more likely to contain fluoride, which prevents caries. To address inequities in access to safe tap water, cross-sector partners established the Agua4All safe drinking-water program in 2 rural San Joaquin Valley, California, communities. The program’s objective was to examine Agua4All’s feasibility, acceptability, and effect on water intake. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

E-Cigarettes and Vaping-Related Disease - 19-Nov-2019
The use of e-cigarettes has increased rapidly. Although vaping has been shown to assist with smoking cessation, cases of severe vaping-related pulmonary disease and a number of deaths have recently been reported. Here we present a collection of articles and other resources on e-cigarettes and vaping-related disease, including clinical reports and commentary. (New England Journal of Medicine)

Medicaid Incentives, Performance Measures, and Workforce Innovations Foster Access to Pediatric Oral Health Care - 19-Nov-2019
While state policymakers across the country grapple with oral health care access challenges, California, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut are incentivizing their Medicaid plans and providers to deliver pediatric oral health services in innovative ways, with a special focus on community-based solutions. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))

State Medicaid Strategies to Promote Early Identification and Treatment of Pregnant Women with Substance Use Disorder - 19-Nov-2019
This issue brief highlights state strategies, such as developing a state Medicaid Opioid Strategy with a focus on pregnant and parenting women, and leveraging financial incentives, quality measures, waivers, and public-private partnership to improve maternal and birth outcomes and curb state costs associated with SUD. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))

The New PubMed is Here - 19-Nov-2019
An updated version of PubMed is now available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/. The new PubMed will become the default in spring 2020 and will ultimately replace the legacy version. (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), NLM)

Rural Focus and Representation in State Maternal Mortality Review Committees: Review of Policy and Legislation - 19-Nov-2019
Study assessed the extent of rural representation in state policy efforts related to maternal mortality and morbidity review committees. (Elsevier)

Opioid Use Disorder among Medicaid Enrollees: Snapshot of the Epidemic and State Responses - 18-Nov-2019
This brief draws on analyses provided by the Medicaid Outcomes Distributed Research Network (MODRN), a collaborative effort to analyze data across multiple states to facilitate learning among Medicaid agencies. It profiles the opioid epidemic among the Medicaid population in six states participating in MODRN that also have been hard hit by the opioid epidemic: Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. The brief also draws on interviews with officials from the state Medicaid and other health agencies. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

An Opportunity to Reduce Costs, Deliver Better Outcomes in Oral Health - 18-Nov-2019
Advancing alternative tobacco products and tobacco product quit rates through better trained dental health professionals, would not only improve oral health outcomes, it would also reduce costs and improve care quality. (AcademyHealth)

Cost-effectiveness of Prophylactic Zika Virus Vaccine in the Americas - 18-Nov-2019
To inform decisions on implementing the recommended vaccine target product profile, study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a potential Zika virus vaccine in 18 countries in the Americas where the estimated attack rates (i.e., the proportion of the population infected) during the 2015–2017 outbreaks were >2%. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

UPDATE: NIH HIV/AIDS Research Priorities and Guidelines for Determining HIV/AIDS Funding - 18-Nov-2019
The highest overarching priorities for HIV/AIDS research and guidelines for determining the use of HIV/AIDS-designated funds effective FY 2021 to FY 2025 are: 1) reduce the incidence of HIV/AIDS, including the development of safe and effective HIV/AIDS vaccines and microbicides; 2) develop the next generation of HIV therapies with improved safety and ease of use; 3) discover a cure for HIV/AIDS; and 4) reduce HIV-associated comorbidities and coinfections. Basic research, health disparities, behavioral and social sciences research, epidemiology, information dissemination, implementation sciences, and training that cut across the four priority areas are also supported. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Cigarette Smoking Among U.S. Adults Hits All-Time Low - 15-Nov-2019
Cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has reached an all-time low of 13.7% in 2018 — a decline of approximately two-thirds in the more than 50 years since the first Surgeon General’s report warned of the health consequences of smoking. Yet, new data released in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report show that nearly 1 in 7 U.S. adults smoke cigarettes. Many use other tobacco products. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Preparing Health Departments for Climate Change: Podcast with Elena Grossman and Emily York - 15-Nov-2019
In this episode of JPHMP Direct Talk, authors Elena Grossman and Emily York discuss their article, “Minigrants to Local Health Departments: An Opportunity to Promote Climate Change Preparedness,” published in the March/April 2019 issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. (Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)

Policy Roundup: Improving Maternal Health Outcomes for Black Women - 15-Nov-2019
This post surveys some of the biggest initiatives underway to address racial disparities in maternal mortality. (Harvard University)

Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome - 15-Nov-2019
In this repeated cross-sectional study of nearly 4.6 million births in 8 states, policies that criminalized substance use during pregnancy, considered it grounds for civil commitment, or considered it child abuse or neglect were associated with significantly greater rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the first full year after enactment and more than 1 full year after enactment. Policies requiring reporting of suspected prenatal substance use were not associated with rates of NAS. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration: Efforts to Identify Effective Strategies for Low-Income Children - 15-Nov-2019
In this report, GAO describes 1) the extent to which CDC changed the design of the Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) Project between grant phases, 2) the results of the CORD Project and factors that have affected implementation, and 3) efforts by CDC and others to disseminate results and lessons learned. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

Beyond the Numbers: Access to Reproductive Health Care for Low-Income Women in Five Communities - 15-Nov-2019
In the spring and summer of 2019, KFF, working with Health Management Associates, conducted interviews with clinicians, social service providers, community-based organizations, researchers, and health care advocates, as well as a focus group with low-income women in five “medically underserved” communities. Based on the interviews and focus groups, the study addresses how national, state, and local policies, as well as cultural factors, shape access to contraceptive care, sexually transmitted infection prevention and treatment, obstetrical care, and abortion services. (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF))

Culture of Health Prize 2019 Winners Announced - 15-Nov-2019
RWJF proudly honors these five communities with the Culture of Health Prize for their unwavering commitment to promoting health and well-being where they live: Broward County, FL, Greenville County, SC, Gonzales, CA, Lake County, CO, and Sitka, AK. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

The Opioid Hydra: Understanding Overdose Mortality Epidemics and Syndemics Across the Rural-Urban Continuum - 14-Nov-2019
Study documents trends in drug overdose mortality by opioid type across the rural-urban continuum, identifies distinct opioid overdose mortality epidemics (termed classes) at the county-level over time using latent profile analysis, and describes the demographic, drug risk, social disorganization, and economic characteristics of communities affected by different opioid overdose epidemics. (Wiley Interscience)

Check Out the New Clinical Preventive Services Infographic from Healthy People 2020 - 14-Nov-2019
Each month, we release an infographic with the latest data related to a Healthy People 2020 Leading Health Indicator (LHI) topic. These infographics show progress toward Healthy People 2020 LHI targets — and show where there’s still work to be done. This month’s featured LHI topic is Clinical Preventive Services. (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP), HHS)

FDA In Brief: FDA expands work with Scholastic with launch of new youth e-cigarette prevention educational resources for middle and high schools - 14-Nov-2019
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration continues to work with Scholastic, the global children’s publishing, education and media company, to develop new youth e-cigarette prevention resources for schools. Today, the FDA and Scholastic are expanding their collaboration to launch their first middle school resources in addition to new resources for high schools. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), HHS)

Expanding Women's Health Practitioners and Researchers' Understanding of Transgender/Nonbinary Health Issues - 14-Nov-2019
This commentary does not aim to offer a perfect definition of women's health. Rather, in this commentary we explore issues of health care experiences and needs regarding the transgender and nonbinary (TNB) population, one often categorized under the umbrella of “women's health” yet woefully underrepresented in data, research, and policies related to equitable health care provision and access. We argue for a more inclusive understanding of women's health, which includes culturally responsive care for TNB patients. (Elsevier)

HHS Advances Development of Tests to Distinguish Bacterial from Viral Infections across Multiple Healthcare Settings - 14-Nov-2019
A novel diagnostics technology that reads gene expression patterns in the immune system to distinguish bacterial infections from viral infections and determines the severity within minutes will receive advanced development support from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The technology is being designed for use in outpatient and inpatient healthcare settings. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Factors that Influence Access to Medication-Assisted Treatment (August 2019) - 14-Nov-2019
Report focuses on: 1. the ways in which organizational culture and provider perceptions and attitudes affect access to MAT and other SUD treatment; 2. how Medicaid and other insurance coverage impact access to MAT and other SUD treatment; and 3. state-specific initiatives in place to address the opioid epidemic and other SUDs. (National Council for Behavioral Health)

The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey (November 2019) - 14-Nov-2019
Report identifies overarching trends in LGBTQ health experiences, paying close attention to the ways that intersecting experiences of social difference – race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, rurality – impact the health and wellness of LGBTQ Southerners. (Campaign for Southern Equality)

2019 March of Dimes Report Card - 13-Nov-2019
This new Report Card provides a comprehensive view of the health of moms and babies—as their health is deeply intertwined—across the country, for major cities, each state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. overall. (March of Dimes)

States Maintain and Increase Vaccine Coverage Through Legislative Action - 13-Nov-2019
States can increase vaccine coverage through policy interventions. Due to the extremely high number of measles outbreaks in 2019, states paid significant attention to legislation limiting vaccine exemptions. In addition to limiting exemptions, states can increase vaccine coverage rates by targeting adult vaccination requirements, expanding the number and types of individuals who can administer vaccines, and establishing or improving immunization reporting systems. Post provides an overview of 2019 state vaccine legislative activities. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

What Can the Health Care Sector Do to Advance Health Equity? - 13-Nov-2019
A study says eliminating racial/ ethnic health disparities would reduce health care costs by $230 billion and indirect costs of excess disease and mortality by more than $1 trillion over four years. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Risk Factors for E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury (EVALI) Among Adults Who Use E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Products — Illinois, July–October 2019 - 13-Nov-2019
Compared with survey respondents aged 18–44 years reporting using of THC-containing e-cigarette, or vaping, products, e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) patients aged 18–44 years had higher odds of reporting exclusive and frequent use of THC-containing products and obtaining these products from informal sources, such as a dealer, off the street, or from a friend, and of using Dank Vapes, a class of largely counterfeit THC-containing products. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Association of BMI category with change in children’s physical activity between ages 6 and 11 years: a longitudinal study - 13-Nov-2019
Study examines the association of body mass index (BMI) with change in children’s physical activity and sedentary time between ages 6 and 11. (Springer)

Dialogue about the Workforce for Population Health Improvement: Proceedings of a Workshop - 13-Nov-2019
On March 21, 2019, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 1-day workshop to explore the broad and multidisciplinary nature of the population health workforce. The workshop included speakers from professional and accrediting organizations, community health workers, supervisors, and policy experts and featured national and local examples of cross-sectoral collaboration to advance population health. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

Lessons Learned: Implementation of a HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Project (ACIOP) - 13-Nov-2019
The University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), Lamar Soutter Library (LSL) was awarded two ACIOP contracts. The contract in 2017-2018 was Bringing HIV/AIDS Information to the Heart of the Commonwealth, and in 2018-1019 the contract was HIV/AIDS Information at the Point-of-Care in Worcester, Massachusetts. This blog post will focus on some of the challenges encountered as part of the HIV/AIDS Information at the Point-of-Care. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

Tobacco and Marijuana Use Among US College and Noncollege Young Adults, 2002–2016 - 12-Nov-2019
Study assesses trends and behavioral patterns of marijuana and cigarette and/or cigar (ie, smoked tobacco) use among 18- to 22-year-old US young adults who were in or not in college. (American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP))

The Intersection of Tobacco and Marijuana Use in Adolescents and Young Adults - 12-Nov-2019
In both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies, researchers have noted an association between e-cigarette and marijuana use. Compared with youth who had not used an e-cigarette, youth who had used an e-cigarette were 3.5 times more likely to use marijuana. (American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP))

Evaluation of Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid from Patients in an Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — 10 States, August–October 2019 - 12-Nov-2019
Analyses of THC-containing product samples by FDA and state public health laboratories have identified potentially harmful constituents in these products, such as vitamin E acetate, medium chain triglyceride oil (MCT oil), and other lipids. Vitamin E acetate, in particular, might be used as an additive in the production of e-cigarette, or vaping, products; it also can be used as a thickening agent in THC products. Inhalation of vitamin E acetate might impair lung function. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Notice of Special Interest: Advancing Research for Tickborne Diseases (TBDs) - 12-Nov-2019
The purpose of this Notice is to announce that the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) encourage new applications to advance research activities relevant to the five strategic priorities identified in the recently released NIH Strategic Plan for Tickborne Disease Research. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives (November 2019) - 12-Nov-2019
This brief was designed to identify trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack (myocardial infarction) while also assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions across the nation. (Southwest Rural Health Research Center)

Sharing and Integrating HIV Client Data Across Provider Organizations to Improve Service Coordination - 12-Nov-2019
Recognizing the potential power of close collaboration, two federal programs that provide support to low-income people with HIV—the Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS program of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program—came together to determine how they could improve outcomes for individuals with HIV who also experience housing instability. This data integration project was carried out with four local partnerships and evaluated by the RAND Corporation. As part of the evaluation, the authors developed this toolkit as a way to share lessons learned and help others who are considering similar efforts to share data across service providers. (RAND Corporation)

More Adolescents Seek Medical Care For Mental Health Issues - 12-Nov-2019
ERs throughout California are reporting a sharp increase in adolescents and young adults seeking care for a mental health crisis. In 2018, California ERs treated 84,584 young patients ages 13 to 21 who had a primary diagnosis involving mental health. That is up from 59,705 in 2012, a 42% increase, according to data provided by the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. By comparison, the number of ER encounters among that age group for all other diagnoses grew by just 4% over the same period. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Mind-Body Therapies for Opioid-Treated Pain - 12-Nov-2019
Study evaluates the association of MBTs with pain and opioid dose reduction in a diverse adult population with clinical pain. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Immunization: vital progress, unfinished agenda - 12-Nov-2019
This Review focuses on preventive immunization in humans and its impact (rather than on the vaccines themselves), including in low-, middle- and high-income countries. (Springer)

Financing Suicide Prevention in Health Care Systems - 08-Nov-2019
Resources provide guidance on how to optimize workflows and billing practices to better finance the delivery of improved suicide prevention services that align with the Zero Suicide framework. (Education Development Center)

Advancing Health Equity Through Community Health Workers and Peer Providers: Mounting Evidence and Policy Recommendations (November 2019) - 08-Nov-2019
This report reviews results from nine recent studies funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) that provide further support for including community health workers (CHWs) and peer providers (PPs) as important components of health care delivery that are particularly effective in addressing health and health care inequities. (Families USA)

A Child’s Health is the Public’s Health - 08-Nov-2019
Preparing for unexpected events is an important part of keeping children safe and healthy all year long. Events like the spread of a serious infection, an explosion, an earthquake, or a weather event, such as a hurricane, may cause health problems for large numbers of people, and especially for children. Children make up one in four people in the United States and they have special needs during and after emergencies. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

National Influenza Vaccination Week 2019 - 08-Nov-2019
​The Public Health Foundation (PHF) supports National Influenza Vaccination Week (NIVW), an annual observance reminding public health practitioners, healthcare providers, and families that it’s not too late for everyone 6 months and older to get a flu vaccine. This week-long observance, sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), will take place December 1-7, 2019. (Public Health Foundation (PHF))

Worldwide, more than half of new HIV infections now among key populations and their sexual partners - 08-Nov-2019
In 2018, the global distribution of new HIV infections in 2018 crossed a threshold: the majority of global new infections were among key populations and their sexual partners (United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS))

2020 Cross-jurisdictional Systems Improvement Partnership Technical Assistance Opportunity - 08-Nov-2019
To improve public health systems and infrastructure, the Center for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support (CSTLTS) with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has partnered with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), the National Association of City and County Health Officials (NACCHO), and the National Indian Health Board (NIHB) to support a collaborative technical assistance opportunity as part of its Strong Systems, Stronger Communities (SSSC) initiative. This opportunity builds on ASTHO, NACCHO, and NIHB’s previous Accreditation Support Initiatives and continues a commitment to the strengthening of public health systems by offering support and technical assistance directly to regions. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

A Medication To Treat Meth Addiction? Some Take A New Look At Naltrexone - 08-Nov-2019
Some early studies indicate that naltrexone, the same medication used to treat alcohol addiction and opioids, can work for some people addicted to methamphetamine. (National Public Radio (NPR))

10 Essential Public Health Services Feedback - 08-Nov-2019
PHNCI is partnering with the de Beaumont Foundation to review and revise the 10 Essential Public Health Services. The Futures Initiative is aimed at bringing the Essential Services national framework in line with current and future public health practice. This survey is one way PHNCI and the de Beaumont Foundation have engaged the public health community to build consensus for an updated national framework. (Public Health National Center for Innovations)

Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Availability of Administrative and Revision Supplements to Expand Vaping Research and Understand EVALI - 07-Nov-2019
This Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) calls for research on the causes, disease mechanisms, and long-term prognosis of individuals with electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI) and related health effects of vaping. Participating Institutes and Centers announce the availability of funds for Administrative Supplements and Competitive Revisions to active funded grants to investigate research questions relevant to EVALI. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Diabetes Prevalence and Incidence Among Medicare Beneficiaries — United States, 2001–2015 - 07-Nov-2019
The prevalence of diabetes among adults aged ≥68 years has plateaued in recent years, and survey data and Medicare claims indicate that incidence has also declined. However, both prevalence and incidence obtained from Medicare fee-for-service claims are higher than those from survey data. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis — January 2018–June 2019 - 07-Nov-2019
During January–June 2019, the number of human dracunculiasis cases reported increased to 25 cases in three countries (Angola, Cameroon, and Chad) and 1,346 infected domestic dogs were reported; Ethiopia, Mali, and South Sudan reported no human cases. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Tobacco Use in Top-Grossing Movies — United States, 2010–2018 - 07-Nov-2019
From 2010 to 2018, tobacco incidents in top-grossing movies increased 57%, including a 120% increase in those rated PG-13. In 2018, biographical dramas accounted for most tobacco incidents, including 82% of those in PG-13 movies; 73% of characters who used tobacco in these biographical dramas were fictional. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Your input on code of ethics is needed - 07-Nov-2019
The Health Education Code of Ethics has been updated by the Coalition of National Health Education Organizations (CNHEO), of which SOPHE is a member. The code of ethics outlines your responsibility as a practitioner, faculty member or researcher to the public, employers, and the health education profession. Take time to review the revised draft and provide your input – even to indicate your agreement with the proposed changes – no later than December 15. (Society for Public Health Education)

Maternal Health Begins Where Moms Live, Learn, and Work (October 2019) - 07-Nov-2019
Fact sheet highlights social and health care influences on maternal health. (University of Arizona)

AJPH Call for Papers: Rural Public Health: A New Frontier - 07-Nov-2019
AJPH invites papers describing rural health research, analyzing the status of rural governmental public health and health care, reporting interventions in rural settings, assessing the impact of laws and policies aiming at revitalizing rural health, and the human health impact of climate change specifically in rural areas. They also invite editorials and commentaries proposing ways of applying public health methods that have been successful in metropolitan areas or in rural health in other regions of the world to US rural settings, describing potential sources of funding, and depicting a vision for a rural public health of the 21st century. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

A rural community moves closer to sustainable obesity prevention - an exploration of community readiness pre and post a community-based participatory intervention - 07-Nov-2019
Study aimed to use baseline (pre-intervention) community readiness scores to assist with the development of obesity prevention strategies, and to assess changes in community readiness over time (pre/post- intervention), to provide evidence of intervention impact. (BioMed Central)

Predictors of weight loss outcomes in obesity care: results of the national ACTION study - 07-Nov-2019
A key objective of this study was to examine obesity care attitudes and behaviors of people with obesity (PwO) and determine independent factors associated with a self-reported sustained weight loss success outcome. (BioMed Central)

Local walking and cycling by residents living near urban motorways: cross-sectional analysis - 07-Nov-2019
Study explored the cross-sectional association between living near an urban motorway and local walking and cycling. (BioMed Central)

Promoting population health with public-private partnerships: Where’s the evidence? - 06-Nov-2019
The objective of this study is to appraise the evidence describing process or effectiveness of public-private partnerships (PPPs) that aim to promote population health, and analyse how characteristics such as independence or competing interests influence the results of their evaluation. (BioMed Central)

Dissecting racial bias in an algorithm used to manage the health of populations - 06-Nov-2019
The U.S. health care system uses commercial algorithms to guide health decisions. Obermeyer et al. find evidence of racial bias in one widely used algorithm, such that Black patients assigned the same level of risk by the algorithm are sicker than White patients. The authors estimated that this racial bias reduces the number of Black patients identified for extra care by more than half. (American Association for the Advancement of Science)

Governance Policies for Strategic Management of Data - 06-Nov-2019
"Data governance" is the overall strategic management of data availability, usability, integrity, and security in an enterprise or organization. A sound data governance system includes a defined set of governing policies, procedures, and resources, as established by a governing body or council. The role of the governing body is to develop a data strategy for defining priorities and resource allocation, and to implement policies, common processes, and procedures to improve data management and use. The governing body also identifies objectives for data use and establishes data responsibilities within and across the organization. (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))

Vital Signs: Estimated Proportion of Adult Health Problems Attributable to Adverse Childhood Experiences and Implications for Prevention — 25 States, 2015–2017 - 06-Nov-2019
Nearly 16% of adults in the study population reported four or more types of adverse childhood experiences, which were significantly associated with poorer health outcomes, health risk behaviors, and socioeconomic challenges. Population attributable fractions representing potential percentage reductions in outcomes ranged from 1.7% for overweight or obesity to 44.1% for depression. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Implementing the HIV Service Cascade for Justice-Involved Populations - 06-Nov-2019
NIDA intends to publish a funding opportunity announcement for cooperative agreements that will examine the delivery of the full continuum of HIV services for adults with injection drug use or opioid use disorder in US community corrections populations (probation/parole). The FOA is expected to be published in February 2020 with expected application due dates in April 2020. (National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), NIH)

Stigma and obesity: the crux of the matter - 05-Nov-2019
As we celebrate a new unified World Obesity Day (from 2020, March 4), we share a collective responsibility to identify obesity and stigma as the crux of the matter, a central driver of the world's non-communicable disease burden, and to take a central role in reshaping the narrative, placing people with obesity at the centre of our policies and practices. (The Lancet)

Just Societies: Health Equity and Dignified Lives. Report of the Commission of the Pan American Health Organization on Equity and Health Inequalities in the Americas - 05-Nov-2019
The report provides examples of successful policies, programs, and actions implemented in countries and presents 12 recommendations to achieve health equity, calling for coordinated actions among local and national governments, transnational organizations, and civil society to jointly address the social determinants of health. (Pan American Health Organization)

Global Vaccination: Trends and U.S. Role (October 2019) - 05-Nov-2019
For more than 50 years, the United States has taken an interest in the eradication of vaccinepreventable diseases (VPDs) in children worldwide, as well as vaccine research and development, particularly since playing a vital role in the global campaign to eradicate smallpox in the 1960s. Since then, vaccinating children against VPDs has been a major U.S. foreign policy effort. (Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress)

Association between environmental quality and diabetes in the USA - 05-Nov-2019
Caloric excess and physical inactivity fail to fully account for the rise of diabetes prevalence. Individual environmental pollutants can disrupt glucose homeostasis and promote metabolic dysfunction. However, the impact of cumulative exposures on diabetes risk is unknown. (Wiley Interscience)

Using Data, Incentives, and Innovation, Three States Work to Improve Maternal Vaccination Rates - 05-Nov-2019
Three states are trying a number of innovative approaches to increase vaccination rates among pregnant women by providing incentives to health plans, increasing access to vaccinations through pharmacies, and using data to identify and target populations, regions, and providers with substandard influenza and Tdap (which protects against pertussis) vaccination rates. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))

The Science of Stigma: Understanding and Addressing HIV Stigma - 04-Nov-2019
NIAID Now spoke with Dianne Rausch, Ph.D., director of the Division of AIDS Research (DAR) at NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health, and Gregory Greenwood, Ph.D., DAR program officer and stigma expert, about HIV-related stigma, its effects on health, and how research is informing strategies to reduce stigma and improve HIV outcomes. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)

Marketing claims on infant formula and toddler milk packages: What do caregivers think they mean? (September 2019) - 04-Nov-2019
In this study, Rudd Center researchers surveyed caregivers to assess their understanding of the meaning of common claims on an infant formula or toddler milk package, including benefits for their child and how these products compare to breastfeeding or serving healthy foods. It also measured whether there was a misconception that toddler milks are appropriate for infants. (University of Connecticut, Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity)

Sales, Nutrition, and Marketing of Children's Drinks (October 2019) - 04-Nov-2019
Report analyzes children’s drinks that contained added sugars and/or low-calorie sweeteners (i.e., fruit drink, flavored water, and drink mix categories) and children’s drinks without added sweeteners (i.e., 100% juice, juice/water blend, and plain water/seltzer categories). (University of Connecticut, Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity)

CDC, States Update Number of Cases of Lung Injury Associated with use of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Products - 04-Nov-2019
CDC has announced the updated number of confirmed and probable lung injury cases and deaths associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Measles Virus May Wipe Out Immune Protection For Other Diseases - 04-Nov-2019
Two new studies illustrate how skipping the measles vaccine carries a double risk. Not only does it leave a child vulnerable to a highly contagious disease, but also, for individuals who survive an initial measles attack, the virus increases their vulnerability to all kinds of other infections for months — possibly even years — after they recover. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Rural Health Grants Eligibility Request for Information - 04-Nov-2019
HRSA seeks public input on whether and how eligibility criteria governing community-based grant programs administered by FORHP affect rural health organizations’ ability to leverage grant funding through FORHP. Comments will be received through 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on November 23, 2019. (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)

Request for Information - PreventionX - 04-Nov-2019
This Request for Information (RFI) falls directly within the framework of Secretary Azar's Value-Based Transformation Initiative, which aims to catalyze the shift towards a health care system focused on rewarding and improving patient outcomes, not only on reimbursement for procedures. Information gathered from the RFI will be used to inform how HHS could catalyze the scaling and deployment of effective prevention strategies into today's social and economic environment. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Racial/Ethnic and Age Group Differences in Opioid and Synthetic Opioid–Involved Overdose Deaths Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years in Metropolitan Areas — United States, 2015–2017 - 04-Nov-2019
From 2015 to 2017, nearly all racial/ethnic groups and age groups experienced significant increases in opioid-involved and synthetic opioid–involved overdose death rates, particularly blacks aged 45–54 years (from 19.3 to 41.9 per 100,000) and 55–64 years (from 21.8 to 42.7) in large central metro areas. The increased involvement of synthetic opioids in overdose deaths is changing the demographics of the opioid overdose epidemic. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

The Drug Overdose Epidemic Affects All Communities - 01-Nov-2019
In the last few decades, the drug overdose epidemic has worsened dramatically. The number of deaths from drug overdoses has skyrocketed, particularly among White people and people who live in rural areas. This aspect of the epidemic has gotten a lot of attention, because the rate has been increasing so quickly. However, it is not the whole story of the drug overdose epidemic. A new NIH analysis of drug overdose deaths shows that the epidemic is huge and national, affecting people of all racial and ethnic groups, in cities, suburbs, small towns, and rural areas, and rates of drug overdose are rising among almost all groups. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Public Comment Invited on 4th Revision of the Clinical Prevention and Population Health Curriculum Framework - 01-Nov-2019
The APTR Healthy People Curriculum Task Force invites the academic and practice community to review and comment on the fifth draft version of the Clinical Prevention and Population Health Curriculum Framework. The Public Comment period will close on December 6, 2019. (Association for Prevention Teaching and Research)

Needs Assessment Methodologies in Determining Treatment Capacity for Substance Use Disorders: Final Report - 01-Nov-2019
This project evaluated needs assessment methodologies for substance use disorder (SUD) treatment capacity, highlighting best practices and identifying gaps and opportunities for improvement. (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS)

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