Current News

2020 January

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Adults, by Residence in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties in 12 States and the District of Columbia, 2017 - 24-Jan-2020
This analysis aimed to determine prevalence of daily SSB intake among adults residing in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan US counties by sociodemographic characteristics, weight status, and state. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

New MeSH Supplementary Concept Record for the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China - 24-Jan-2020
On January 14, 2020, a new MeSH Supplementary Concept Record (SCR Class 4-Organism) was added to the 2020 MeSH Browser in response to health updates issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) for an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

Trends in HIV-2 Diagnoses and Use of the HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test — United States, 2010–2017 - 24-Jan-2020
During 2010–2017, use of the HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation test increased, but the number of confirmed HIV-2 diagnoses remained <0.1%. In addition, the overall number of false positive HIV-2 test results produced by the HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation increased. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

How Public Health Officials Use 'Contact Tracing' To Track An Epidemic's Spread - 24-Jan-2020
NPR's Ailsa Chang speaks with Ranu Dhillon, a doctor and former Ebola adviser to Guinea, on the practice of "contact tracing" to contain epidemics like the new coronavirus. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Opioid Use Disorder: Barriers to Medicaid Beneficiaries' Access to Treatment Medications - 24-Jan-2020
This report describes policies that can restrict Medicaid beneficiaries' access to MAT medications, including any related to the distribution methods. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

CDC Telebriefing: Update on 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - 24-Jan-2020
Today the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provided an update on the 2019 Novel Coronavirus response. A transcript will be available on this page soon. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Second Travel-related Case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Detected in United States - 24-Jan-2020
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today confirmed the second infection with 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the United States has been detected in Illinois. The patient recently returned from Wuhan, China, where an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by this novel coronavirus has been ongoing since December 2019. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

NIAID Launches First Clinical Trial to Test Antibody–Drug Combination for Long-Acting HIV Treatment - 24-Jan-2020
The first clinical trial to test the combination of a long-acting anti-HIV drug plus a powerful HIV antibody as a long-acting treatment for people living with HIV has begun. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)

Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services: Integrating Responses to a Dual Epidemic - 24-Jan-2020
Conducted at the request of the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Infectious Disease and HIV/AIDS Policy (OIDP), this report identifies the barriers to greater integration of OUD and infectious disease services and offers strategies to overcome those barriers. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

OMH Announces Theme for National Minority Health Month 2020 - 24-Jan-2020
April is National Minority Health Month, and this year, the HHS Office of Minority Health (OMH) is teaming up with the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) Move Your Way campaign and partners to highlight the tremendous advantages gained from having an active lifestyle. For the second consecutive year, the theme for National Minority Health Month is Active & Healthy. (Office of Minority Health (OMH), HHS)

Challenges in Providing Substance Use Disorder Treatment to Child Welfare Clients in Rural Communities - 23-Jan-2020
This brief examines the challenges involved in serving rural child welfare-involved families with substance use issues (Assistant Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and Response, HHS)

Some Push To Change State Laws That Require HIV Disclosure To Sexual Partners - 23-Jan-2020
In more than 30 states, it is illegal for someone with HIV to have sex without first disclosing their status. Some are now pushing to change that, arguing that the laws are actually endangering public health. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Update: Characteristics of a Nationwide Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — United States, August 2019–January 2020 - 23-Jan-2020
The number of EVALI cases reported to CDC peaked during the week of September 15, 2019; the weekly number of hospitalized patients has since steadily declined. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Characteristics of Persons Who Report Using Only Nicotine-Containing Products Among Interviewed Patients with E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — Illinois, August–December 2019 - 23-Jan-2020
Among 121 interviewed Illinois EVALI patients, nine who reported using only nicotine-containing products and had no indication of any THC use were more likely to be older, female, and less likely to experience constitutional symptoms or leukocytosis than were patients who used THC-containing products. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

2019 Legislative Wins Set Stage for Expanded Access to Oral Health Care - 23-Jan-2020
Significant strides in oral health policymaking in 2019 have helped set the stage for improved access to care for many Americans in 2020 and beyond, especially for those with limited incomes or who live in areas underserved by dental professionals. At the same time, the strong trend toward more practice consolidation in the dental care industry is likely to continue, which could bring more efficiencies in how care is delivered. (Pew Charitable Trusts)

Request for Information (RFI) on Improved Understanding of Risk and Mechanisms for Developing Obesity in Infants and Young Children - 23-Jan-2020
The purpose of this Request for Information (RFI) is to solicit innovative ideas to better characterize risk factors and understand the underlying mechanisms through which these factors contribute to the development of obesity during early childhood. The goal is to develop innovative, targeted and more effective strategies for childhood obesity prevention. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Leading Health Indicators 2030: Advancing Health, Equity, and Well-Being (2020) - 23-Jan-2020
Beginning in 1979 and in each subsequent decades, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has overseen the Healthy People initiative to set national goals and objectives for health promotion and disease prevention. At the request of HHS, this study presents a slate of Leading Health Indicators (LHIs) that will serve as options for the Healthy People Federal Interagency Workgroup to consider as they develop the final criteria and set of LHIs for Healthy People 2030. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

How Does Wuhan Coronavirus Compare To MERS, SARS And The Common Cold? - 23-Jan-2020
Table looks at the most well-known coronaviruses: what they have in common and how they differ. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Public Transport In Wuhan Suspended Due To Coronavirus Concerns - 23-Jan-2020
Chinese state media is reporting that authorities in the city of Wuhan are planning to suspend bus, subway, ferry and long-distance passenger transport. They also say that all flights and trains departing from Wuhan will be temporarily canceled in a bid to reduce spread of the new virus. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk - 22-Jan-2020
Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

New in NLM Digital Collections: Fully-Digitized Manuscript Collections - 22-Jan-2020
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is pleased to announce the release of its first fully-digitized manuscript collections in NLM Digital Collections. Complete with finding aids—detailed research guides to assist individuals in exploring and understanding these archival materials—this initial release of six manuscript collections encompasses more than 43,500 pages and represents a milestone in the evolution of NLM’s digitization capacity. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

A New and Improved PubMed® - 22-Jan-2020
NLM’s PubMed has long been recognized as a critical resource for helping researchers, health care professionals, students, and the general public keep current with rapid advances in the life sciences. We are excited to introduce an updated version of PubMed that features an updated design and technology to improve the user experience. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

Listen: How Vaping Regulations Are Playing Out In The States - 22-Jan-2020
KHN Midwest correspondent Lauren Weber joined Wisconsin Public Radio’s Rob Ferrett on “Central Time” to discuss what’s happening on vaping in the states amid concerns about a vaping lung illness. (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

CDC Announces First U.S. Case Of New Coronavirus In Washington State - 22-Jan-2020
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today confirmed the first case of 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the United States in the state of Washington. The patient recently returned from Wuhan, China, where an outbreak of pneumonia caused by this novel coronavirus has been ongoing since December 2019. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

New CLOUD Library Offers Curated Opioid Use Resources - 21-Jan-2020
The Center for Evidence-based Policy (CEbP) at Oregon Health & Science University is proud to announce the launch of the CLOUD, or the Curated Library about Opioid Use for Decision-makers. Its mission was to provide a centralized place for actionable, evidence-based resources for anyone working on issues related to the opioid crisis. Other partners include the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and the Milbank Memorial Fund. (Milbank Memorial Fund)

Show Me Healthy Housing: Final Evaluation Report - 21-Jan-2020
This is the third and final evaluation report of the Missouri Foundation for Health’s Show Me Healthy Housing program, which helped fund four new supportive housing programs across the state. (Urban Institute)

What is the evidence on the role of the arts in improving health and well-being? A scoping review (November 2019) - 21-Jan-2020
Report finds evidence of the contribution of the arts to the promotion of good health and the prevention of a range of mental and physical health conditions, as well as the treatment or management of acute and chronic conditions arising across the life-course. The arts can be cost-effective solutions since they can frequently draw on existing assets or resources, although more research is needed into the health economics of this field. (World Health Organization (WHO))

Public-private cooperation for pandemic preparedness and response: A call to action - 21-Jan-2020
The Event 201 pandemic exercise, conducted on October 18, 2019, vividly demonstrated a number of the important gaps in pandemic preparedness as well as some of the elements of the solutions between the public and private sectors that will be needed to fill them. Report summarizes these gaps and provides recommendations to policymakers. (Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security)

2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China - 21-Jan-2020
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely monitoring an outbreak caused by a novel (new) coronavirus first identified in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. Chinese authorities identified the new coronavirus, which has resulted in more than 200 confirmed human infections in China and exported cases in Thailand, Japan, and South Koreaexternal icon. The outbreak in Wuhan, China has been linked to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting a possible zoonotic origin to the outbreak. There are ongoing investigations to learn more. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness & Response Soliciting Proposals - 21-Jan-2020
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness & Response (ASPR) is soliciting proposals for revolutionary advancements in health security products, technologies and innovations, specifically to invigorate operations, response, recovery and medical countermeasure development, deployment and distribution activities. ASPR is seeking innovative proposals to investigate approaches that enable revolutionary advances in science, technologies, or systems. (Assistant Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and Response, HHS)

Opioid Prescribing Among Adults With Disabilities in the United States After the 2014 Federal Hydrocodone Rescheduling Regulation - 21-Jan-2020
Study examined whether the 2014 hydrocodone rescheduling change was associated with reduced opioid prescribing among adult Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities. (Public Health Reports)

Equity First: Conceptualizing a Normative Framework to Assess the Role of Preemption in Public Health - 21-Jan-2020
Preemption is a legal doctrine whereby a higher level of government may limit or even eliminate the power of a lower level of government to regulate a certain issue. Some state legislatures are using preemption with increasing regularity to thwart local policies that have the potential to reduce health inequities. Despite recent trends, preemption is not inherently adversarial to public health, equity, or good governance but rather reflects its wielder’s goals and values. Existing frameworks for assessing preemption fail to reconcile its potential to both advance and hinder health equity. An equity-first preemption framework can facilitate case-by-case assessments of whether preemption is likely to worsen inequities or whether it is an appropriate response to address existing inequities. Robust empirical evidence is needed to develop and operationalize such a framework. (Milbank Memorial Fund)

New coronavirus infects health workers, spreads to Korea - 21-Jan-2020
A Chinese health official said yesterday that 14 healthcare workers have been infected with the Wuhan-linked novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), bolstering evidence of human-to-human spread and spurring new questions about virus circulation against a backdrop of other winter respiratory illnesses. In addition, South Korea early yesterday morning reported its first 2019-nCoV case, as the number of outbreak-related cases grew in other Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai, pushing the nation's total to 218. (University of Minnesota, Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP))

Onset of Regular Smoking Before Age 21 and Subsequent Nicotine Dependence and Cessation Behavior Among US Adult Smokers - 17-Jan-2020
This study assessed the association of regular smoking initiation before age 21 years with nicotine dependence and cessation behaviors among US adult smokers. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Cluster Analysis and Cluster Ranking for Asthma Inpatient Hospitalizations Among Children, Adolescents, and Adults Aged 0 to 19 Years in Cook County, Illinois, 2011–2014 - 17-Jan-2020
To understand the burden of asthma among young people in the greater Chicago (Cook County) area, we mapped crude rates of asthma inpatient hospitalizations among children, adolescents, and young adults aged 0 to 19 years, by zip code, in Cook County, Illinois, during 2011–2014. Additionally, we performed a cluster analysis to identify neighborhoods with high rates of asthma inpatient hospitalizations. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Trends in Total Binge Drinks per Adult Who Reported Binge Drinking — United States, 2011–2017 - 17-Jan-2020
From 2011 to 2017, the total number of binge drinks consumed annually by U.S. adults who reported binge drinking increased significantly, from 472 to 529. Significant increases were observed among adults who reported binge drinking of both sexes, those aged ≥35 years, and those with lower educational levels and household incomes. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

HIV Partner Service Delivery Among Transgender Women — United States, 2013–2017 - 17-Jan-2020
During 2013–2017, 71.5% of index transgender women were interviewed for partner services, 71.2% of transgender women partners were notified of their potential HIV exposure, 46.5% were tested for HIV, and 18.6% received a new diagnosis of HIV-positivity. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Notes from the Field: Multistate Outbreak of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus — United States, 2019 - 17-Jan-2020
During 2003–2018, an average of eight EEEV disease cases were reported annually in the United States (range = 4–21 cases) (3,4). However, as of October 15, 2019, CDC received reports of 34 cases of EEEV disease from 21 counties in seven states (Figure). Cases were reported from Massachusetts (12 cases), Michigan (10), Connecticut (four), New Jersey (three), Rhode Island (three), North Carolina (one), and Tennessee (one). (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

National Native American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day: “Resilience + Action: Ending the Epidemic for Our Native Communities” - March 20, 2020 - 17-Jan-2020
“Resilience + Action: Ending the Epidemic for Our Native Communities” is the theme for the National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NNHAAD) 2020 to highlight current health and biomedical strategies and community responses to HIV/AIDS in tribal and urban communities (Indian Health Service (IHS))

Notice of Intent to Publish a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Strengthening the Impact of Community Health Workers on the HIV Care Continuum in the US (R01 Clinical Trial Optional) - 17-Jan-2020
The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), with other NIH Institutes and CentersNational Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), intends to promote a new initiative by publishing a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) to solicit applications for research on: The use of community health workers (CHW) to improve the HIV care continuum in the United States (US). The RFA will support research on the effectiveness of scalable tools, trainings, and strategies designed to strengthen the ability of CHW to improve HIV care among people living with HIV (PLH). (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

The New PubMed Updated: Items Per Page, Sort Options, See All Similar Articles, and More - 17-Jan-2020
Several features have been updated in the new PubMed, including options to customize the number of items per page, sort by publication date, reverse sort order, see all similar articles, and download the Results by Year timeline. (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH)

CDC Maps America’s High Levels of Inactivity - 16-Jan-2020
All states and territories had more than 15% of adults who were physically inactive and this estimate ranged from 17.3 to 47.7%, according to new state maps of adult physical inactivity prevalence released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

HHS Activates Emergency Prescription Assistance Program for Uninsured Puerto Rico Residents Needing Medicine after Recent Earthquakes - 16-Jan-2020
As part of the Trump Administration’s government-wide response to the series of earthquakes and aftershocks affecting Puerto Rico, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) activated its Emergency Prescription Assistance Program (EPAP) for Puerto Rico to give residents access to the critical prescription medications they need. The program pays for prescription medications for people without health insurance who are affected by disasters. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

How the Affordable Care Act Has Narrowed Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Access to Health Care - 16-Jan-2020
Brief examines how much the ACA also has reduced disparities in access to health care among black, Hispanic, and white adults. (Commonwealth Fund)

National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day #NBHAAD - February 7 - 16-Jan-2020
This observance is an opportunity to increase HIV education, testing, community involvement, and treatment among black communities. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

New code serves as ethical guidance for public health: Revised code first in US since 2002 - 15-Jan-2020
The new APHA Public Health Code of Ethics contains six core values and obligations for U.S. public health. The document offers guidance for ethical and fair decisionmaking in practice and on policy. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

Effects of Influenza Vaccination in the United States during the 2018–2019 Influenza Season - 15-Jan-2020
Study estimates the number of vaccine-prevented influenza-associated illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and deaths for the season. (Oxford University Press)

Panel identifies need for improved implementation of preventive services and reduced health disparities - 15-Jan-2020
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health recommends enhanced research to assess and address disparities in access to health care and use of clinical services that help prevent disease. The panel urges scientists to explore interventions with multiple components and to engage stakeholders inside and outside the health care system. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Update: Product, Substance-Use, and Demographic Characteristics of Hospitalized Patients in a Nationwide Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — United States, August 2019–January 2020 - 15-Jan-2020
Nationwide, most EVALI patients with data on product source reported acquiring THC-containing products from only informal sources, whereas most nicotine-containing products were acquired from commercial sources. EVALI patients aged 13–17 years were more likely to acquire both THC- and nicotine-containing products from informal sources than were adults. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Year of the Nurse and the Midwife 2020 - 15-Jan-2020
Nurses and midwives play a vital role in providing health services. These are the people who devote their lives to caring for mothers and children; giving lifesaving immunizations and health advice; looking after older people and generally meeting everyday essential health needs. They are often, the first and only point of care in their communities. The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. That’s why the World Health Assembly has designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife. (World Health Organization (WHO))

Using mobile phones to improve community health workers performance in low-and-middle-income countries - 15-Jan-2020
This debate is intended to explore the potential of mobile phone technology in LMICs for improving CHWs performance and effectiveness. (BioMed Central)

CDC’s Critical Role in the Fight against the Global HIV Epidemic - 15-Jan-2020
Video focuses on the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Protecting Health Care Workers from Transmissible Airborne Diseases: Challenges and Opportunities - 14-Jan-2020
Commentary reviews findings from a recent report on worker exposure to airborne transmissible diseases and identifies four strategies that will support health care worker safety, embed safety in health care culture overall, and invigorate the field of personal protective equipment to continue refining existing equipment. (National Academy of Medicine)

Accountable Communities for Health for Children and Families: Approaches for Catalyzing and Accelerating Success - 14-Jan-2020
This discussion paper reviews and identifies what the authors believe are the foundational elements for catalyzing and sustaining an accountable community for health for children and families (ACHCF); what the key accelerators and barriers are; and highlights promising approaches that communities can adapt and use. (National Academy of Medicine)

Active-Offer Nurse-Led PrEP (PrEP-RN) Referrals: Analysis of Uptake Rates and Reasons for Declining - 14-Jan-2020
This analysis published in AIDS and Behavior sheds light on how assumptions about risk affect PrEP uptake, particularly among those at-risk for HIV. (Springer)

The 4th Annual HSRProj Research Competition for Students is Underway! - 14-Jan-2020
The fourth annual HSRProj Research Competition for Students is underway! Hosted by AcademyHealth and the National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), this annual competition invites students to use data from the Health Services Research Projects in Progress (HSRProj) database in conjunction with other sources to identify research priorities in health services and systems research. (AcademyHealth)

A Bivariate Mapping Tutorial for Cancer Control Resource Allocation Decisions and Interventions - 13-Jan-2020
Study demonstrates how geographic information systems software, specifically ArcGIS, can be used to develop bivariate choropleth maps to inform resource allocation and public health interventions. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Association of Medicaid Expansion With Opioid Overdose Mortality in the United States - 13-Jan-2020
In this serial cross-sectional study of 3109 counties within 49 states and the District of Columbia from 2001 to 2017, Medicaid expansion was associated with reductions in total opioid overdose deaths and deaths involving heroin and synthetic opioids other than methadone. Expansion was associated with increased mortality involving methadone. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Trends in Opioids Prescribed at Discharge From Emergency Departments Among Adults: United States, 2006–2017 (January 2020) - 13-Jan-2020
This report describes trends in opioid prescribing at emergency department (ED) discharge among adults from 2006–2007 through 2016–2017, by selected patient and hospital characteristics and the type of opioids prescribed. (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC)

Views of Rural US Adults About Health and Economic Concerns - 13-Jan-2020
his survey study of 1300 adults in 2018 and 1405 adults in 2019 found that opioid or other drug addiction or abuse and economic concerns were identified as the most serious problems facing rural communities. Rural adults also reported recent problems with paying medical bills and accessing health care. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Food Bank–Based Diabetes Prevention Intervention to Address Food Security, Dietary Intake, and Physical Activity in a Food-Insecure Cohort at High Risk for Diabetes - 13-Jan-2020
Although food insecurity is associated with poor dietary intake and risk of chronic disease, few studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of diabetes prevention interventions delivered through food banks. Food banks serve vulnerable communities. The purpose of this pilot project was to assess the effectiveness of a food bank–delivered intervention aimed at improving food security and reducing risk factors for type 2 diabetes among at-risk clients. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Case Definitions Used During the First 6 Months of the 10th Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Four Neighboring Countries, August 2018–February 2019 - 13-Jan-2020
Even with a regional risk for Ebola virus disease (Ebola) (i.e., importation into three countries bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo), Ebola case definitions became increasingly complex and less concordant during a 6-month period. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Early Season Pediatric Influenza B/Victoria Virus Infections Associated with a Recently Emerged Virus Subclade — Louisiana, 2019 - 13-Jan-2020
Early influenza B/Victoria virus activity in Louisiana resulted in illnesses in children that were similar to typical seasonal influenza; however, some illnesses were severe, and one death was reported. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Millennium Health Donates Data to Help Fight the Drug Overdose Crisis - 13-Jan-2020
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) today is announcing an agreement with Millennium Health to provide near real-time drug testing data that will enhance efforts and targeted approaches in fighting the overdose crisis in the U.S. This donation will improve HHS’ work with state and local officials on drug trends in their areas to target coordination of preventive healthcare resources to avoid overdoses. (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS))

Infectious disease pandemic planning and response: Incorporating decision analysis - 13-Jan-2020
A decision model for infectious disease pandemics is an appropriate method for integrating evidence from situational and intervention analysis tools, along with the information in policy documents, to provide robust advice on possible response options (including uncertainty). (Public Library of Science)

Public Health Program for Decreasing Risk for Ebola Virus Disease Resurgence from Survivors of the 2013–2016 Outbreak, Guinea - 13-Jan-2020
The objective of SA-Ceint was to quickly detect any new EVD cases and stop transmission early. This project was conducted by using a community-based alert system and monitoring high-risk body fluids of survivors. Here we report on the findings of this public health program. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

CDC, states update number of hospitalized EVALI cases and EVALI deaths - 13-Jan-2020
CDC recently announced the updated number of hospitalized e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury (EVALI) cases* and EVALI deaths. As of January 7, 2020, 2,602 cases of hospitalized EVALI or deaths were reported by all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 2 U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). As of January 7, 2020, 57 deaths have been confirmed in 27 states and the District of Columbia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

The Food Environment in Juvenile Justice Residential Facilities in North Carolina - 10-Jan-2020
This research brief summarizes findings from an exploratory study of a diverse sample of juvenile justice residential facilities in North Carolina conducted by RTI International. The study examined food service operations, agency and facility level policies and practices pertaining to nutrition, participation in federal school nutrition programs, and additional food service funding sources. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Leveraging Juvenile Justice Food Environments to Advance Health Equity - 10-Jan-2020
This research brief examines the evidence linking the food environment in juvenile justice facilities to diet-related health disparities in the United States and identifies potential policy levers for improving the nutrition related health outcomes of youth who reside in this institutional setting. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))

Recognizing and Sustaining the Value of Community Health Workers and Promotores - 10-Jan-2020
This brief, explores how the community health workforce — referred to in this brief as “community health workers and promotores” (CHW/Ps) — is currently contributing to the health care system both in California and around the country. It highlights examples demonstrating how CHW/Ps add value to organizations and how their work is financed, as well as emerging opportunities to scale and sustain that work within California. (Center for Health Care Strategies (CHCS))

Family Doctors In Rural America Tackle Crisis Of Addiction And Pain - 10-Jan-2020
It used to be rare for primary care physicians outside big cities to take on the challenges of opioid misuse, according to Dr. Erin Krebs, a professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota who researches chronic pain management. Now, Krebs said, it’s becoming increasingly common “out of necessity.” (Kaiser Health News (KHN))

Alcohol-related deaths increasing in the United States - 10-Jan-2020
An analysis of U.S. death certificate data by researchers at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, found that nearly 1 million people died from alcohol-related causes between 1999 and 2017. The number of death certificates mentioning alcohol more than doubled from 35,914 in 1999 to 72,558 in 2017, the year in which alcohol played a role in 2.6% of all deaths in the United States. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

CMS offers widespread support for Puerto Rico amid Earthquakes - 10-Jan-2020
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) just announced efforts underway to support Puerto Rico in response to recent earthquakes. CMS will be waiving certain Medicare, Medicaid, and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) requirements; creating special enrollment opportunities for individuals to access healthcare quickly; and taking steps to ensure dialysis patients obtain critical life-saving services. (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS)

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health (2019) - 09-Jan-2020
Report provides a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts. (National Academies Press)

A Change Management Case Study for Safe Opioid Prescribing and Opioid Use Disorder Treatment - 09-Jan-2020
This article describes a case study of a clinic's deliberate approach using change management theory to support individual clinician efforts in meeting safe opioid prescribing and treating OUD. (American Board of Family Medicine)

Maternal Mental Health: The State of the State in California and Beyond - 09-Jan-2020
The report looks at all of the work implemented in both California and nationally to address maternal mental health since April 2017, when California’s state strategic plan was issued by the state’s Task Force on the Status of Maternal Mental Health. (2020 Mom)

Early Detection of Public Health Emergencies of International Concern through Undiagnosed Disease Reports in ProMED-Mail - 09-Jan-2020
Study aimed to provide a descriptive analysis of reports of undiagnosed disease events related to human health published on ProMED-mail since 2007 to determine whether these reports should be considered in further risk assessments. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

Home-Delivered Food Boxes Reduced Food Insecurity Among Adults, but Not Children - 08-Jan-2020
A new episode of "On The Evidence" discusses a demonstration that used home delivery boxes assembled by registered dieticians to children with food insecurity issues in Chickasaw Nation territory in rural Oklahoma. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)

Public Transporation: Enhanced Federal Information Sharing on Coordination Could Improve Rural Transit Services - 08-Jan-2020
This report addresses (1) factors affecting rural transit coordination and selected rural and tribal transit providers' coordination efforts and (2) the extent to which FTA facilitates coordination of rural transit services. (U.S. Government Accountability Office)

Feasibility of home-based HIV counselling and testing and linking to HIV services among women delivering at home in Geita, Tanzania: a household longitudinal survey - 08-Jan-2020
The study objective was to determine the feasibility of home-based HIV testing and linking to care for HIV services among WDH in Geita District Council, Tanzania. (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, MEASURE Evaluation)

Health Inequity in the United States: A Primer - 08-Jan-2020
By any measure, the United States has a level of health inequity rarely seen among developed nations. The roots of this inequity are deep and complex, and are a function of differences in income, education, race and segregation, and place. Primer provides an overview of these distinctly American problems, and discuss programs and policies that might promote greater health equity in the population. (University of Pennsylvania, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI))

The Current Understanding of Gestational Weight Gain Among Women with Obesity and the Need for Future Research - 07-Jan-2020
In this paper, the authors will present a summary of the how the 2009 IOM/NRC gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations were made and the major data gap that existed at that time, describe new GWG trends for women entering pregnancy with class II and class III obesity (body mass index [BMI] at or above 35), briefly summarize the most promising interventions for women with overweight and obesity, and provide a discussion of the research gaps that will need to be addressed before new recommendations can be made for these groups of women. (National Academy of Medicine)

Long-Range Planning for Health, Equity & Prosperity: A Primer for Local Governments - 07-Jan-2020
This primer poses a series of questions in order to provoke thoughts on how planners can prioritize health and equity in their work. The answers to these questions provide: a framework for aligning health equity policies across local government departments; and broad guidance on incorporating equity in long-range planning, community engagement, investment, and evaluation processes. (ChangeLab Solutions)

Availability of Grocery Delivery to Food Deserts in States Participating in the Online Purchase Pilot - 06-Jan-2020
To inform on the potential effect of online grocery delivery in food deserts, study quantified the proportion of both rural and urban USDA-designated food deserts currently serviceable by online grocery purchase and delivery in the 8 pilot states. (American Medical Association (AMA))

Comparison of Rural vs Urban Direct-to-Physician Commercial Promotion of Medications for Treating Opioid Use Disorder - 06-Jan-2020
Study assesses whether rural counties received less pharmaceutical promotion of OUD medications compared with urban counties. (American Medical Association (AMA))

How to improve rural service delivery in developing countries: Complementarities, information, and incentives (December 2019) - 06-Jan-2020
This policy brief builds on a framework that illustrates the roles of the public and private sectors in rural services provision, including the role of various mechanisms that bridge the information gap between citizens and service providers. (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Affordability of the EAT–Lancet reference diet: a global analysis - 06-Jan-2020
Study used food price and household income data to estimate affordability of EAT–Lancet benchmark diets, as a first step to guiding interventions to improve diets around the world. (The Lancet)

Assessing Indoor Environmental Control Practices by Race/Ethnicity Among Children With Asthma in 14 US States and Puerto Rico, 2013–2014 - 06-Jan-2020
Study examined indoor environmental control (IEC) practices that reduce asthma triggers, by race/ethnicity among children in the mainland US and Puerto Rico. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Addressing Food Insecurity In Clinical Care: Lessons From The Mid-Ohio Farmacy Experience - 03-Jan-2020
This article describes the experience of establishing a link between an academic medical center and a regional foodbank to address food insecurity in a health care setting, with the goal of providing guidance for future efforts to establish these linkages to empower health care providers to address social determinants of health. (Health Affairs)

Use of Mobile Technology by Frontline Health Workers to Promote Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Bihar, India - 03-Jan-2020
mHealth technology holds promise for improving the effectiveness of frontline health workers (FLWs), who provide most health-related primary care services, especially reproductive, maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition services (RMNCHN), in low-resource - especially hard-to-reach - settings. Data are lacking, however, from rigorous evaluations of mHealth interventions on delivery of health services or on health-related behaviors and outcomes. (Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.)

Final Research Plan for Prevention of Dental Caries in Children Younger Than Age 5 Years: Screening and Interventions - 03-Jan-2020
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force just posted a final research plan on screening and interventions to prevent dental caries in children younger than 5 years. (AIDSTAR-One, USAID)

Making Community Health Workers (CHWs) Fundamental: New Research Strengthens the Case for State Policymakers to Include CHWs in Care Delivery Teams (December 2019) - 02-Jan-2020
This summary synthesizes key findings from PCORI’s CHW research and provides evidence-based recommendations to guide state policymakers on how to make CHWs integral members of health care delivery teams to improve individual and population health and potentially generate health care savings. (Families USA)

Are the 10 Essential Public Health Services out of date? Review underway - 02-Jan-2020
The Futures Initiative, a partnership between PHAB’s Public Health National Center for Innovations and the de Beaumont Foundation, launched in June. The initiative is engaging the public health community in reviewing and revising the essentials framework to ensure it reflects how the field has evolved in 25 years and is ready for the challenges to come. (American Public Health Association (APHA))

Understanding Rural Health Departments: Do They Have Unique Accreditation Needs? - 02-Jan-2020
Post discusses how governance, organizational size, and other factors impact rural local health departments' ability to pursue voluntary accreditation. (Rural Health Information Hub)

Learning from the Transfer of HIV Interventions from Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs) to the United States: Informing the Plan for America to End the HIV Epidemic - 02-Jan-2020
NIH is soliciting examples of interventions in HIV prevention, care or treatment that were developed in low- to middle-income countries and have been transferred and attempted to be implemented in the U.S. This could include both successful and unsuccessful cases. Responses are due by February 15, 2020. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

The True Cause of the Opioid Epidemic - 02-Jan-2020
In this difference-in-differences study, US manufacturing counties that experienced an automotive assembly plant closure were compared with counties in which automotive plants remained open from 1999 to 2016. Automotive assembly plant closures were associated with a statistically significant increase in county-level opioid overdose mortality rates among adults aged 18 to 65 years. (American Medical Association (AMA))

National- and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibility and WIC Program Reach in 2017 - 02-Jan-2020
​​This report, the latest in a series of annual reports on WIC eligibility, presents 2017 national and state estimates of the number of people eligible for WIC benefits and the percents of the eligible population and the US population covered by the program, including estimates by participant category. (Food and Nutrition Service, USDA)


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