News

Current News

2020 April

Projecting hospital utilization during the COVID-19 outbreaks in the United States - 06-Apr-2020
To project the timing of the outbreak peak and the number of ICU beds required at peak, study simulated a COVID-19 outbreak parameterized with the US population demographics.

What is the Value of Social Determinants of Health in Dental Education? - 06-Apr-2020
Incorporating the social determinants of health would be a major shift for dental education, but as the authors of our new NAM Perspectives Commentary argue, a necessary one to ensure that the future dental workforce is prepared to improve health outcomes for their patients. (National Academy of Medicine)

On the Front Lines of COVID-19: A Blueprint for Health and Human Services from Washington State - 06-Apr-2020
This article outlines the major initiatives taken and the lessons learned in this intense and historic six-week period. (Milbank Memorial Fund)

Confirmed COVID-19 Cases, Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties (April 2020) - 06-Apr-2020
While much of the COVID-19 focus has been on major metropolitan areas, rural areas of the United States are not free of exposure. As of April 5, 2020, there were a total of 328,924 cases and 9,172 deaths identified in counties (data provided by USAFacts.org), with 12,693 cases and 327 deaths (about 3.9 percent of cases and 3.6 percent of deaths) reported in non-metropolitan counties. (Rural Policy Research Institute (RUPRI))

Dear Colleague Letter on the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID19) - 06-Apr-2020
In light of the emergence and spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the United States and abroad, the National Science Foundation (NSF) is accepting proposals to conduct non-medical, non-clinical-care research that can be used immediately to explore how to model and understand the spread of COVID-19, to inform and educate about the science of virus transmission and prevention, and to encourage the development of processes and actions to address this global challenge. (National Science Foundation)

Coronavirus, COVID-19, and Considerations for People Living with HIV and LGBTQIA+ People (March 2020) - 05-Apr-2020
Brief provides an overview of COVID-19 and details considerations for people living with HIV and LGBTQIA+ people. (Fenway Institute)

COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports - 05-Apr-2020
These Community Mobility Reports aim to provide insights into what has changed in response to policies aimed at combating COVID-19. The reports chart movement trends over time by geography, across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential. (Google)

Lifetime Prevalence of Self-Reported Work-Related Health Problems Among U.S. Workers — United States, 2018 - 05-Apr-2020
A history of perceived work-related injury or illness is common among the working population (35.1%), and the prevalence varies by employment situation, industry of employment, and some demographic characteristics. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Rapid Sentinel Surveillance for COVID-19 — Santa Clara County, California, March 2020 - 05-Apr-2020
During March 5–14, among patients with respiratory symptoms evaluated at one of four Santa Clara County urgent care centers serving as sentinel surveillance sites, 23% had positive test results for influenza. Among a subset of patients with negative test results for influenza, 11% had positive test results for COVID-19. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Among Residents and Staff Members of an Independent and Assisted Living Community for Older Adults — Seattle, Washington, 2020 - 05-Apr-2020
Following identification of two COVID-19 cases in a Seattle independent and assisted living facility, stringent preventive measures were implemented. Testing of all residents and staff members found few cases of COVID-19. Three of four residents who had positive test results were asymptomatic. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Educating Health Professionals to Address the Social Determinants of Mental Health: Proceedings of a Workshop (2020) - 05-Apr-2020
To explore how health professions education and practice organizations and programs are currently addressing social determinants that contribute to mental health disparities across the lifespan, the Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a workshop in Washington, DC on November 14-15, 2019. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the workshop. (National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM))

COVIDView: A Weekly Surveillance Summary of U.S. COVID-19 Activity - 05-Apr-2020
This CDC report provides a weekly summary and interpretation of key indicators being adapted to track the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. This includes information related to COVID-19 outpatient visits, emergency department visits, hospitalizations and deaths, as well as laboratory data. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)

The job description for a COVID-19 community health worker - and how this could fight US unemployment - 05-Apr-2020
What if Americans who are unemployed by the pandemic could be hired to fight it? Around the world, local residents without a medical or nursing degree have been rapidly trained, hired, and equipped to respond to other epidemics that have spiralled out of control.

COVID-19 Tribal Resource Center - 05-Apr-2020
The National Indian Health Board is leading a national effort to advocate and secure resources for Tribes to respond to COVID-19. NIHB seeks to ensure that the Tribes remain informed on COVID 19, have the resources and assistance needed to respond to the pandemic, and that the Congress and Administration understand and address Tribal needs and priorities. (National Indian Health Board)

High Obesity Program Collection (March 2020) - 05-Apr-2020
A collection of Preventing Chronic Disease articles on the High Obesity Program, a program that implemented evidence- and practice-based strategies with a goal to increase access to nutritious foods and places to be physically active in counties in which the prevalence of obesity among adults was more than 40%. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

The High Obesity Program: Overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Cooperative Extension Services Efforts to Address Obesity - 05-Apr-2020
HOP is a pilot program that funded 11 land-grant universities (LGUs) from September 30, 2014, through September 29, 2018, in states with a least 1 county in which the prevalence of obesity among adults was more than 40% according to data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The purpose of HOP was to implement evidence- and practice-based strategies to improve physical activity and nutrition, reduce obesity, and prevent or control diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. (Preventing Chronic Disease, CDC)

Collision of the COVID-19 and Addiction Epidemics - 03-Apr-2020
Risk for severe COVID-19 and death escalates with older age but is also concentrated among those who are immunocompromised or have underlying health conditions, including diabetes, cancer, and heart and respiratory diseases. Many of the latter arise from smoking and thus may increase risk for death and illness among smokers (tobacco or cannabis). (American College of Physicians)

Do Health Impact Assessments Promote Equity? - 03-Apr-2020
Several evaluations have found that in the near term, HIAs can illuminate the potential health effects on communities of policy and program choices, influence decision-making, increase knowledge about health impacts among decision-makers, and demonstrate the connection between health and sectors such as education, housing, and employment. (Pew Charitable Trusts)

Coronavirus and Health System Capacity: Protecting Frontline Health Workers - 02-Apr-2020
As the coronavirus spreads, health care systems across the country are gearing up for an influx of patients. But how do we ensure that we’re protecting the health of the health care workers on the front lines of the outbreak? (Commonwealth Fund)

Notice of Special Interest: Developmentally Tailored HIV Prevention and Care Research for Adolescents and Young Adults - 02-Apr-2020
The National Institute of Mental Health is issuing this Notice to highlight interest in receiving grant applications developmentally on tailored research focused on adolescents and emerging adults as it relates to HIV prevention and treatment. (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)

Call for Timely Papers on COVID-19 in Rural Areas - 02-Apr-2020
The JRH is committed to publishing timely papers pertaining to COVID-19 in rural areas and its consequences for rural health care personnel and organizations. To facilitate rapid publication, we encourage several types of submissions that do not require peer review, but which the Editor may accept or reject. These include commentaries and letters to the editor that describe current problems and innovative solutions pertaining to rural COVID-19 prevention, mitigation, and containment. Commentaries are limited to 1500 words and letters to the editor to 400 words, and neither require an abstract. (National Rural Health Association (NRHA))

Identification and Screening of Social Determinants of Health among Children with Special Health Care Needs in Medicaid (March 2020) - 02-Apr-2020
State Medicaid agencies are working to incorporate SDOH screenings into their programs to improve health outcomes and reduce costs, providing an important opportunity for collaboration and partnerships among state Title V CYSHCN programs, pediatricians, and others working to address SDOH. (National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP))

Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) regarding the Availability of Emergency Competitive Revisions for Research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) - 02-Apr-2020
NIAID is issuing this Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) to highlight the need for research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). NIAID is particularly interested in projects focusing on viral natural history, pathogenicity, transmission, as well as projects developing medical countermeasures and suitable animal models for pre-clinical testing of vaccines and therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19. (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)

Updates on NIAID Funding for SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-2019 Research - 02-Apr-2020
NIAID recently replaced the NIAID Urgent NOSI with an NIAID Emergency NOSI, Notice of Special Interest (NOSI) Regarding the Availability of Emergency Competitive Revisions for Research on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which instead directs applicants to NIH’s Emergency FOA, Emergency Competitive Revision to Existing NIH Awards (Emergency Supplement, Clinical Trial Optional). (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), NIH)

The effect of control strategies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling study - 02-Apr-2020
Study aimed to estimate the effects of physical distancing measures on the progression of the COVID-19 epidemic, hoping to provide some insights for the rest of the world. (The Lancet)

Share Your Community's COVID-19 Innovations - 02-Apr-2020
How have families, businesses and key sectors of your community (agriculture, healthcare, human services, schools) had to innovate in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic? Share the creative ways you are adapting to the current situation with other rural communities. The RHI Hub is looking for best practices, lessons learned, and other examples across a wide range of activities. (Rural Health Information Hub)

PCORI Funds Registry and Large-Scale Study of Effectiveness of Hydroxychloroquine to Prevent COVID-19 Infection in U.S. Healthcare Workers - 02-Apr-2020
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Board of Governors today approved up to $50 million to fund a registry and randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in preventing COVID-19 infections in U.S. healthcare workers. (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI))

Medicare And Medicaid Administrator Addresses U.S. Health Care Response To COVID-19 - 02-Apr-2020
NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks with Seema Verma, the administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, about the administration's ongoing response to the coronavirus outbreak. (National Public Radio (NPR))

Presymptomatic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 — Singapore, January 23–March 16, 2020 - 02-Apr-2020
Investigation of all 243 cases of COVID-19 reported in Singapore during January 23–March 16 identified seven clusters of cases in which presymptomatic transmission is the most likely explanation for the occurrence of secondary cases. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019: a model-based analysis - 02-Apr-2020
In the face of rapidly changing data, a range of case fatality ratio estimates for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been produced that differ substantially in magnitude. Study aimed to provide robust estimates, accounting for censoring and ascertainment biases. (The Lancet)

COVID-19 projections assuming full social distancing through May 2020 - 02-Apr-2020
A national and state-level planning tool provides forecasts of peak dates for hospital bed, ICU bed, and ventilator usage. (University of Washington, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME))

Preliminary Estimates of the Prevalence of Selected Underlying Health Conditions Among Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 — United States, February 12–March 28, 2020 - 01-Apr-2020
Based on preliminary U.S. data, persons with underlying health conditions such as diabetes mellitus, chronic lung disease, and cardiovascular disease, appear to be at higher risk for severe COVID-19–associated disease than persons without these conditions. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR))

National Coronavirus Response: A Roadmap to Recovering - 01-Apr-2020
This report provides a road map for navigating through the current COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. It outlines specific directions for adapting our public-health strategy as we limit the epidemic spread of COVID-19 and are able to transition to new tools and approaches to prevent further spread of the disease.

Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Mental Health Comorbidities in HIV Prevention and Treatment - 01-Apr-2020
The National Institute of Mental Health is issuing this Notice to highlight interest in receiving grant applications focused on understanding and addressing the impact of mental health comorbidities, including mental health disorders as well as violence and trauma, on the HIV prevention and treatment continua. (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH)

Public Health Emergency COVID-19 Initiative - 01-Apr-2020
On March 13, 2020, the National Science and Technology Advisors from a dozen countries, including the United States, called on publishers to voluntarily agree to make their COVID-19 and coronavirus-related publications, and the available data supporting them, immediately accessible in PubMed Central (PMC) and other appropriate public repositories to support the ongoing public health emergency response efforts. This page lists the publishers that have responded to the call. (National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), NLM)

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